SCRUM Practice Test

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During the Sprint, who is allowed to add tasks to the Sprint Backlog?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Only the Development Team can change its Sprint Backlog during a Sprint. If the Product Owner wants to change the work planned, he has to do this in accordance with the Development Team.

Can a Scrum Master also work on a Scrum Team as a Developer?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This is not prohibited by the Scrum Guide. It can be hard to wear "two hats". It can be difficult to fully attend to all expectations of the Scrum Master role, while also being a focused Developer. It can be helpful to understand more of Development work. It can also be a pitfall.

Which of the following statements regarding a Sprint cancellation is false?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A) By elimination, this one must be the third true statement. Why? Well: "Only the Product Owner has the authority to cancel the Sprint". In the end it's at the PO's discretion. In 99.9% of the cases it would be good to share the reason, and really bad for transparency, trust, morale to not do so. However, he/she can do it. For what reason? Maybe they are a horrible person, bad at their job. Or maybe the company got acquired by some other party, making the Sprint Goal obsolete, but the Product Owner is under a Non Disclosure Agreement to not tell the teams about it. Who knows? In short: it would almost always be bad, but there's nothing in the Scrum Guide specifically preventing it. True.
B) Is in the Scrum Guide, pretty obvious one. True.
C) A sprint can be cancelled until the time box is over, not when it is over. False.
D) The term "pressure" is there to scare you, but the Scrum Guide states he can "influence the decision" to cancel. He can't force, but he can apply some pressure if he/she deems it necessary. So, True.
E) Not all work is typically put back on the Product Backlog, and specifically not in the mandatory way this answer puts it. Per the Scrum Guide: "When a Sprint is cancelled, any completed and "Done" Product Backlog items are reviewed. If part of the work is potentially releasable, the Product Owner typically accepts it. All incomplete Product Backlog Items are re-estimated and put back on the Product Backlog." So, False.

During the Sprint Review, it became clear that some of the work isn't "Done" due to integration issues. The team cites a lack of integration tools as an example. What do you do as a Scrum Master?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This is running out of hand, core Scrum Values such as respect are being forgotten. The Scrum Master needs to act. A natural conclusion is therefore not the best answer. Having the Product Owner choose how the work is done is not ok. The developers decide how. They work with the Product Owner to decide upon scope, but the Product Owner should not choose the technical approach as stated here.

Which of the following would you consider the most unethical in Scrum software development?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Not being transparent about uncertainty is unethical. Endangering customers' privacy is unethical. Go see this excellent Scrum.org video.. The development team owns the Sprint Backlog, they can have good reasons to refuse work. A Product Owner is free to order the Product Backlog how he wants. If a team wants to use additional tools to improve their process, that's usually to be encouraged. In any case, it's not a breach of ethics.

A team member has a pattern of being disrespectful and unethical. When confronted, he intimidates other team members and refuses to respect working arrangements set within the team. His teammates appear to be apprehensive about holding him accountable. Is a Scrum Master the best person to help with this problem?
(Select the most appropriate response)

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Yes, this should be addressed by the Scrum Master if the team appears unable to do so. A careful approach is needed.

Which of the following are common Scrum Master activities?
(choose the top three answers)

Please select 3 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The wrong answers are listed in the Scrum Guide as Product Owner activities.

"The Product Owner may attend the Daily Scrum but is not permitted to communicate with the development team."
(choose the most appropriate response)

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The Daily Scrum is an internal meeting for the Development Team. If others are present, the Scrum Master ensures that they do not disrupt the meeting. However, if the Product Owner is present and the team requests him to give valuable input, this is allowed. Disruption is not the same as interaction.

Which of the following statements about Backlog Refinement is true?
(choose the two most appropriate responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Scrum Guide: The Scrum Team decides how and when refinement is done. Refinement usually consumes no more than 10% of the capacity of the Development Team.

What is the Nexus Integration Team's main concern during a scaled Scrum endeavor with Nexus?
(choose the most appropriate response)

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The Nexus Integration Team is accountable for ensuring that a “Done” Integrated Increment (the combined work completed by a Nexus) is produced at least once every Sprint.

No one else may attend the Daily Scrum except the development team and potentially the Scrum Master.
(choose the most appropriate response)

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Scrum Guide: The Daily Scrum is an internal meeting for the Development Team. If others are present, the Scrum Master ensures that they do not disrupt the meeting.

The development team realizes mid-sprint that the work they have planned will most likely not allow them to meet the Sprint Goal. They hold a discussion and come up with a new strategy to achieve the Sprint Goal by altering the Sprint's work plan. What Scrum Values are highlighted in this article?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
People personally commit to achieving the goals of the Scrum Team. The Scrum Team members have courage to do the right thing and work on tough problems.

Your team's Product Owner has seen numerous developers collaborating on backlog items. He is concerned that this "pair programming" will have a negative impact on the amount of work completed. What basically do you do?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
All are good options. Teach in a friendly, compassionate tone. Address during the retrospective when it seems that tensions still surround this subject.

You are approached by a Product Owner. He is uncertain of the value that his product will provide to customers. What recommendations can you provide him as a Scrum Master?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
It is the Product Owner's responsibility, but he/she is aware of this. Pointing that out again is not helpful advice. Management is unlikely to know end-users their exact wishes and expectations.

Can Scrum be used at a company where the time, scope, and money for a product are all predetermined?
(choose the top three answers)

Please select 3 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Scrum Guide: although implementing only parts of Scrum is possible, the result is not Scrum.

Which of the following items are Scrum Artifacts?
(choose the top three answers)

Please select 3 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

The Correct Answers are A The Increment, E The Sprint Backlog, and F The Product Backlog

The Scrum Team is irritated with their Product Owner because he constantly interrupts them and asks how things are going. The Product Owner claims that he is just eager, and that the Scrum Guide supports regular inspection. What exactly do you do?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Scrum Guide: Scrum users must frequently inspect Scrum artifacts and progress toward a Sprint Goal to detect undesirable variances. Their inspection should not be so frequent that inspection gets in the way of the work.
The Daily Scrum is for the development team to synchronize, no-one else participates. Interaction and inspection should not be limited, it should be regular and effective.

For Scrum teams, velocity is a popular statistic. Which of the following velocity assertions is correct?
(choose the top three answers)

Please select 3 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Velocity can be a helpful tool for teams. It is unsuitable to draw comparisons, depends on estimation, and tracks output, which does not equate succesful outcome. It can be used to spark conversations within the team and self-inspect.

Two developers got into a heated disagreement about the technical method for a Backlog Item during Sprint Planning. Tensions are at an all-time high, and foul language is used. The rest of the crew is sitting in uncomfortable quiet. The Sprint Planning time limit of 8 hours adds to the pressure. What do you do as a Scrum Master?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This is running out of hand, core Scrum Values such as respect are being forgotten. The Scrum Master needs to act A natural conclusion is therefore not the best answer. Having the Product Owner choose how the work is done is not ok. The developers decide how. They work with the Product Owner to decide upon scope, but the Product Owner should not choose the technical approach as stated here.

The CEO contacts you, a significant stakeholder in your team's product. He is concerned that a crucial aspect of the product's intended characteristics will not be given the attention it deserves. This ambiguity is causing him a great deal of anxiety. What can you do to assist the CEO?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The lack of transparency is best served by joining inspection during Sprint Review. As a stakeholder, the CEO should work with the Product Owner to make his expectations known.

When planning in Scrum, we use the phrase "Forecast." What is the reason for this?
(Select the most appropriate response)

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Forecast implies uncertainties, a prediction based upon what's known at this point. Specifically: not a commitment.

Who is responsible for the value of the development team's work?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Product Backlog management includes: [...] - Optimizing the value of the work the Development Team performs; [...] The Product Owner may do the above work, or have the Development Team do it. However, the Product Owner remains accountable.

Scrum for Inspection and Adaptation includes which of the following critical components?
(Choose the two best responses)

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Scrum guide: "Scrum prescribes four formal events for inspection and adaptation [...] Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, Sprint Retrospective"

What is the most important subject to discuss during the Daily Scrum?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The Sprint Goal should always be first in mind. The other subjects are secondary and viewed through the lens of "how does this impact the Sprint Goal?".

Why is Scrum called a framework?

Correct! Wrong!

Explnation:
Though a few of these answers are somewhat right, not all are directly related to Scrum being a framework. From the Scrum Guide: "Scrum is not a process, technique, or definitive method. Rather, it is a framework within which you can employ various processes and techniques."

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