FREE EKG Certification Trivia Question and Answers

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A 70-year-old patient has had intermittent chest pain in the past. His ECG at rest is typical. It is decided to subject him to a stress test while exercise. The aimed heart rate will be which of the following:

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In the case of a 70-year-old patient, using the age-predicted maximum heart rate formula, the estimated maximum heart rate would be approximately 220 - 70 = 150 beats per minute (bpm). Therefore, a target heart rate of 150 bpm would be suitable for the exercise stress test in this scenario.

The most frequent adverse reaction when a patient uses Nitroglycerin to treat angina is:

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Headache is one of the most common side effects experienced by patients when taking nitroglycerin to relieve angina. Nitroglycerin is a medication commonly used to treat angina, which is chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. Nitroglycerin works by relaxing and widening the blood vessels, improving blood flow to the heart and relieving the symptoms of angina.

These medications are used in pharmacologic stress tests:

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All of the above drugs—adenosine, dipyridamole, and dobutamine—are commonly used in pharmacologic stress tests. Pharmacologic stress tests are performed when patients are unable to undergo physical exercise due to certain limitations or conditions. These tests help evaluate the function of the heart and assess blood flow to the heart muscle by inducing a stress response using medication.

The medication used to treat anxiety and discomfort in MI patients is:

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Morphine is a drug commonly administered to relieve pain and anxiety in patients experiencing a myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack. During an MI, the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen due to a blocked coronary artery, resulting in severe chest pain or discomfort. Morphine, an opioid analgesic, is often used in the management of acute coronary syndromes, including MIs, to help alleviate the intense pain experienced by the patient.

Which of the following characteristics of supraventricular tachycardia is not present?

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Multifocal atrial tachycardia, on the other hand, is a distinct type of arrhythmia characterized by rapid heart rates (tachycardia) originating from multiple ectopic foci within the atria. In MAT, the P waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG) are irregular, with varying morphologies and PR intervals, due to the multiple atrial foci generating the electrical impulses.

On the ECG, _______ is produced when a depolarization wavefront moves perpendicular to a positive electrode.

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When a depolarization wavefront moves perpendicular to a positive electrode, the electrode detects the electrical activity in a lateral or transverse direction. This results in a negative deflection on the ECG.

Hypothermic patients would display a body temperature that is

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A patient who is hypothermic would exhibit a body temperature that is below normal. Hypothermia is a condition characterized by a core body temperature that is significantly lower than the normal range. The normal core body temperature for adults typically ranges from 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius (97.7 to 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit). However, in a hypothermic patient, the body temperature can drop below this range.

A Holter monitor uses how many electrodes?

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In a standard Holter monitor, typically five electrodes are used. These electrodes are attached to specific locations on the patient's chest to record the electrical activity of the heart continuously over a specific period, usually 24 to 48 hours.

What is the proper chain of infection order:

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What is the proper chain of infection order:

The defining feature of ventricular fibrillation:

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The hallmark characteristic seen in ventricular fibrillation (VF) is the presence of chaotic or disorganized waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG). Ventricular fibrillation is a life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia in which the ventricles of the heart quiver or fibrillate instead of contracting effectively. During VF, there is a rapid, irregular, and chaotic activation of the ventricles, leading to the absence of coordinated contractions and the inability to pump blood effectively.

Which among the following ECG features sets atrial flutter apart from other atrial dysrhythmias:

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The correct characteristic that distinguishes Atrial Flutter from other Atrial Dysrhythmias is the "Saw Tooth" or "Picket Fence" appearance of waveforms before the QRS complex. Atrial Flutter is an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid atrial contractions in a regular and organized pattern. The distinguishing feature of Atrial Flutter is the presence of distinct "Saw Tooth" or "Picket Fence" waveforms before the QRS complex on the electrocardiogram (ECG). These waveforms are called "F waves" or "Flutter waves." They have a characteristic appearance, resembling a series of sharp, repetitive peaks and valleys, which gives the ECG tracing a distinct pattern.

Which of the subsequent qualifies as a negative Holter:

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A negative Holter monitor report suggests that no significant abnormalities were observed during the monitoring period. This means that no significant arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, or other irregular heart rhythms, were detected. Additionally, no significant ST segment changes, which can indicate myocardial ischemia or injury, were observed.

First-degree heart block PR interval:

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In a first-degree heart block, the PR interval on an electrocardiogram (ECG) is constant and greater than 0.20 seconds (200 milliseconds) in duration. The PR interval represents the time interval between the onset of atrial depolarization (represented by the P wave) and the onset of ventricular depolarization (represented by the QRS complex).

The following are ECG features associated with myocardial ischemia:

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The ECG characteristics in myocardial ischemia commonly include changes in the ST segment and T waves. During myocardial ischemia, which occurs due to reduced blood flow to the heart muscle, the ECG can show specific changes indicative of the underlying condition.

Which of the following describes a stress test indicator?

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The evaluation of chest pain in a patient with a normal baseline EKG is an indication for stress testing. Stress testing, also known as an exercise stress test or treadmill test, is a diagnostic procedure used to assess the heart's response to physical activity or induced stress. It is often employed to evaluate chest pain or other symptoms that may be suggestive of underlying heart conditions.

There is a minimal or nonexistent diastolic pause in:

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A small or non-existent diastolic pause can indeed be seen in sinus tachycardia. Sinus tachycardia refers to an elevated heart rate originating from the sinoatrial (SA) node, which is the natural pacemaker of the heart. In sinus tachycardia, the SA node fires at a faster rate, resulting in a higher heart rate.

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