Vocabulary Practice Test for the HESI® exam

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Which of the following is the best definition of the word taciturn?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Taciturn means “reluctant to speak,” so reserved would be the best answer. Being taciturn does not imply anything regarding one’s state of attention or cooperation.

What is the best definition of the word superfluous?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Superfluous most nearly means “needless” or unnecessary. Extraordinary (beyond the usual) is really not the best match of meaning. Shallow (not deep) and shameful also do not fit the definition of superfluous.

Which of the following is the closest definition of the word succinct?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Succinct means brief and to the point. The other choices are not correct definitions.

Which of the following is the best definition of the word languid?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
If one is languid, there is usually a lack of movement or energy and they could be described as sluggish. Languid does not, necessarily, imply a state of depression nor does it give any indication of being talkative or showing warmth.

Which of the following is the closest definition to the word postulate?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Postulate means “to assume that it is true, or to claim.” It has nothing to do with gathering or moving, nor is it a form of disagreement.

Which of the following is the best definition of the word incongruent?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Incongruent most nearly means incompatible. Both words indicate some sort of difference in quality or value. Incongruent does not indicate a state of being sinister (evil), discontented (unhappy), or discouraged.

Which of the following is the best definition of the word illustrious?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Both illustrious and eminent mean that a person is famous or noteworthy. The word illustrious was formerly used to refer to a shiny object, but is no longer used in that way. Vain means “absorbed in oneself” and tarnished means “dull or lacking luster.”

What is the closest definition of the word proximal?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The word proximal is used to indicate a central or close relationship. It does not mean the same as any of the other choices.

What is the closest definition of the word cauterize?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Cauterize means to burn, usually in the process of assisting healing. It may be part of a repair procedure, but this is not the best definition match. Cauterize does not mean to cut or insert.

What is the meaning of incision?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Incision is simply a longer word for cut. It does not mean closure (involving closing), injection (inserting with a needle), or fracture (a break).

Which of the following is the best definition of the word consternation?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Consternation indicates some sort of sudden concern, which could be translated to anxiety. It does not imply that there is laughter or anger involved and is not associated with being strict.

Which of the following is the best definition of the word chide?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
If a person chides another person, it involves some sort of reprimand, or scolding. The word chide does not refer to level of voice or choosing someone.

What definition is best associated with the word anastomosis?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
An anastomosis is a connection, usually between internal parts of the body. It does not necessarily indicate a tearing. It would also not be a synonym for separation or removal.

Which of the following is the closest definition of the word contrite?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
When a person is contrite, it means that he or she feels badly about something or feels remorse. The person might also be sad or lonely, but neither of these means contrite. A contrite person would probably not be excited.

Which of the following is the closest definition of the word distended?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Distended means enlarged, while shrunken means to be made smaller. Removed is the same as taken away and to be distracted means that one’s thoughts are elsewhere.

What is the best definition of the word obstinate?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
If someone is obstinate, you could also say that he or she is stubborn. Passive means “without action.” Angry and careless also do not fit the definition of obstinate.

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