FREE TExES Special Education Questions and Answers

0%

Throughout the last stages of fetal development, a child may contract a venereal illness that causes MR.

Correct! Wrong!

Syphilis is a venereal disease that can be transmitted from an infected mother to her unborn child during the last stages of fetal development. It is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum.

Using radio waves to create cross-sectional images of the brain, neuroimaging is a technique for identifying dysfunctional or damaged brain regions.

Correct! Wrong!

Neuroimaging is a technique used to create detailed images of the brain's structure and function. One commonly used neuroimaging technique is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Causes of strabismus (crossed eyes) include glaucoma, retinal detachment, amblyopia (lazy eye), and myopia (nearsightedness).

Correct! Wrong!

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a condition that primarily affects premature infants and can potentially lead to visual impairments, including strabismus (crossed eyes). ROP occurs when the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, do not develop properly in premature infants.

Technology used to help people with physical, cognitive, and speech impairments access places like school or home.

Correct! Wrong!

The technology used to help people with physical, cognitive, and speech impairments access places like school or home is called assistive technology. Assistive technology refers to devices, equipment, software, or systems that are specifically designed to assist individuals with disabilities in performing tasks, increasing their independence, and improving their overall quality of life.

This is a loosely structured attempt to promote the rights of individuals with disabilities as an oppressed minority, with inspiration from the civil rights movement of the 1960s.

Correct! Wrong!

The Disability Rights Movement is a social and political movement that advocates for the rights, inclusion, and equal opportunities of individuals with disabilities. It emerged in the late 20th century, taking inspiration from the civil rights movement of the 1960s and seeking to address the discrimination and marginalization faced by people with disabilities.

In psychobabble, a student who relies strongly on the learning environment and learns best when there is a lot of instructor and peer interaction is one who is easily distracted by the surroundings and needs full silence and order to do a task.

Correct! Wrong!

In psychobabble, the description you provided aligns with the concept of a "field-dependent learner." Field dependency is a cognitive style or learning preference that describes how individuals perceive and process information in relation to their environment.

Disability is not a mental or medical illness; it is characterized by significant restrictions in intellectual functioning as well as adaptive behavior as represented in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills.

Correct! Wrong!

The statement you provided aligns with the definition of intellectual disability provided by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD), formerly known as the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR). The AAMR/AAIDD definition outlines intellectual disability as a condition characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.

Distinct institutions, some of which are residential, for kids with a specific disabilDty.

Correct! Wrong!

The institutions you are referring to are typically known as center schools or multi-district classes. These are specialized educational settings that cater to children with specific disabilities or exceptional needs. They may include residential facilities or operate within a multi-district framework, serving students from multiple school districts.

Students are placed on the job for at least two hours per day in an instructional setup, but if they are prepared for the position, they can work there full-time.

Correct! Wrong!

The instructional setup you are referring to is called a Vocational Adjustment Class. In a Vocational Adjustment Class, students are placed in a job or work environment for at least two hours per day as part of their instructional program. The purpose of this class is to provide students with hands-on vocational training and real-world work experience.

Method of integrating individuals with disabilities who are unable to work independently into competitive employment; uses an employment specialist or job coach to assist the individual with the job-related aspects of their impairment.

Correct! Wrong!

The method you are describing is known as supported employment. Supported employment is an approach that aims to integrate individuals with disabilities into competitive employment by providing them with ongoing support and assistance. It is designed for individuals who may require additional help due to the impact of their disabilities on their job-related skills and functioning.

Also known as the acoupedic method, aural method, or unisensory method, this approach of educating deaf kids incorporates auditory training and makes significant use of sound amplification in order to enhance listening and speech skills.

Correct! Wrong!

The approach of educating deaf children that incorporates auditory training and emphasizes the use of sound amplification to enhance listening and speech skills is commonly known as the auditory method. It is also referred to as the acoupedic method or aural method.

The instructional arrangement is for providing special education and related services to students from more than one school district.

Correct! Wrong!

The instructional arrangement you are referring to is called a multidistrict class. A multidistrict class is a special education program that brings together students from multiple school districts who have similar educational needs. This arrangement allows for the provision of specialized instruction and related services to students who may not have access to these services within their own school districts.

Motivational phrases used to describe a state in which a person believes that no matter how hard they try, they will fail.

Correct! Wrong!

The phrase "learned helplessness" is used to describe a state in which a person believes that no matter how hard they try, they will fail. It is a psychological concept that refers to a perceived lack of control over outcomes, leading individuals to adopt a passive and resigned attitude towards their circumstances.

Formerly known as grand mal seizures, characterized by a loss of consciousness characterized by a loss of consciousness usually loses bladder control and becomes very drowsy when the seizure ends.

Correct! Wrong!

The description you provided aligns more closely with tonic-clonic seizures, which were previously known as grand mal seizures. Tonic-clonic seizures are a type of generalized seizure that involves a loss of consciousness, convulsive movements, and various physiological changes.

A method of behavior modification that entails outlining the cost of a particular transgression before it happens, enforcing the punishment each time it does, and combining this with a reward to reinforce or teach the desired behavior.

Correct! Wrong!

The method of behavior modification you are referring to is called "response cost." Response cost is a behavior management technique that involves outlining the cost or consequence of a specific undesirable behavior in advance. When the individual engages in the undesired behavior, a punishment or penalty is enforced consistently. Additionally, response cost may also incorporate the use of rewards or reinforcements to reinforce or teach the desired behavior.

Students who meet one or more federal/state requirements, who are not officially regarded to be impaired but are thought to be more likely than average to experience learning difficulties (can include students involved with CPS, who failed readiness tests, who failed state tests etc.) State criteria are typically present, but districts are free to adopt them or create their own.

Correct! Wrong!

The term "at-risk students" refers to students who, based on certain factors or indicators, are considered to be more likely than the average student to experience learning difficulties or face academic challenges. These students may not have an official diagnosis of a learning disability or impairment but are identified as having a higher probability of needing additional support or intervention to succeed academically.

Lifetime Ad-Free Access @ $4.99

$4.99

Premium Tests $49/mo
FREE June-2024