FREE TExES English as a Second Language Supplemental Questions And Answers

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Teachers and administrators anticipate an ESL student to perform better academically than he does based on his excellent English production and comprehension in peer dialogues. What is the most likely cause of the discrepancy between his performance and their expectations?

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The student exhibits social English competency, also known as basic interpersonal communication skills (BICS). However, this does not imply that he
also possesses Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP), which is significantly more difficult to learn and essential for succeeding in academic areas.

The method that words are placed together to create clauses, sentences, or phrases.

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Syntax refers to the set of rules and principles that govern how words are combined to form phrases, clauses, and sentences in a language. It involves the arrangement of words, phrases, and clauses to create meaningful and grammatically correct structures. Syntax determines the order of words, the formation of questions and statements, the agreement between subject and verb, and the overall organization of a sentence.

Which of these is required as part of an enrichment curriculum for K–12 students under the Texas Education Code's Essential Knowledge and Skills?

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Under the Texas Education Code's Essential Knowledge and Skills, physical education is required as part of a K–12 enrichment curriculum, along with
non–English languages, health, nutrition, and exercise, fine arts, professional and technical education, technology applications, and religious literature.

Which type of classroom instruction is required for ELL students in accordance with the Texas Administrative Code's English Language Proficiency Standards?

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English Language Proficiency Standards, Introduction, Chapter 74, Subchapter A, Texas Administrative Code 19, specifies that classroom instruction
"effectively integrates second language acquisition with quality content area instruction" as opposed to teaching these subjects separately, before or
after content-area subjects, or both.

After moving to America, it takes around ______ for ESLs to attain the language acquisition skills indicated by BICS.

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Researchers have found that after moving to America, ESL children typically need between six and two years to develop the Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS). Choices (A) and (B) are therefore less correct. Researchers have found that, assuming ELLs have prior education in their home languages, it normally takes them five to seven years (C) to attain Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP).

Which of the TESOL criteria is most relevant when experts urge teachers to employ cooperative learning strategies with ESL students?

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Experts advise ESL teachers to choose reading materials in these subjects at the students' reading and writing levels (typically below grade level for ESLs) and within each teacher's comfort level before implementing CBEC in their classrooms. ESL teachers should first inquire of mainstream teachers what units they will be teaching the ESL students in the upcoming grading period or semester. Since they cannot teach a whole subject curriculum for each grade, ESL teachers should choose one or two key or fundamental concepts or units from a content area to study in depth. Thirdly, ESL teachers should select reading materials based on their students' English language skills (below actual grade level is advised as content-area reading is full of challenging semantics and syntax), as well as on their students' interests.

Which of the following statements about the instruction of ESL children in American schools prior to World War II is historically accurate?

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The only option that accurately reflects historical events is that there were no institutional ESL programs in place in American school systems before World War II to facilitate the education of linguistic minority children. However, it was not against the law for non-English-speaking kids to enroll in American schools. Even the largest metropolitan school systems did not have any ESL programs. According to statistics, there were not more ESL students enrolled in multilingual parochial schools than in public ones throughout the post-World War II period.

Don't use them; "start over" and "the mouse will play when the cat is away" are better alternatives.

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Idioms are expressions that convey a figurative meaning different from the literal interpretation of the words used. They add color and depth to language, often reflecting cultural and historical contexts. While the idioms "start over" and "the mouse will play when the cat is away" are indeed commonly used, they have distinct meanings and usage.

Protocol for Sheltered Instruction and Observation.

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SIOP stands for Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol. It is an instructional framework designed to support English language learners (ELLs) in mainstream classrooms. The SIOP model provides teachers with a comprehensive approach to plan, deliver, and assess instruction that promotes language development and academic achievement for ELLs.

Which of the following describes how ESL students acquire CALP?

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As students' proficiency and grade levels increase, CALP, or Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency, is used in school assignments less and less
frequently. Less context language is available for pupils to use when completing tasks.

To "provide intensive and ongoing foundational second-language acquisition instruction to ELLs in Grade _____ or higher...at the beginning or intermediate level of English language proficiency," according to the TEA's English Language competence Standards, is one of the duties placed on school districts.

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School districts are required to "provide intensive and ongoing foundational second language acquisition instruction to ELLs in Grade 3 or higher
who are at the beginning or intermediate level of English language proficiency" rather than to ELLs in grade K, 2, or 4 or higher, according to the
TEA's ELPS, 74.4, School district responsibilities, (4).

Words with similar etymological origins.

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Cognates are words that share a common etymological origin across different languages. They have evolved from a common ancestral language and often have similar meanings and forms

A new class of ESL students is shown how to add the -ed ending to normal verbs to signify past tense. This is primarily relevant to:

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The study of morphology focuses on the smallest structural elements that might communicate meaning, such as verb tense endings.

If ESL students have mastered scientific _______ principles in their home languages, they can transfer these to English so that they can converse about science concepts.

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Students can talk about science in any language because to concepts of scientific discourse. Students can transmit these ideas from L1 to L2, L3, etc., according to research. The term pragmatic refers to the social use of language to satisfy needs and desires rather than scientific concepts. Semantic refers to the meanings of individual words or groups of words. The order of words and sentence patterns are referred to as syntax.

ESL students learn how to communicate effectively in English in order to get what they want and need in social settings. What branch of language is this usage under?

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The study of pragmatics focuses on how language is employed in social contexts to address needs and desires.

6 months; 1000 words; 1- and 2-word phrases.

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Early Production is a stage in language development typically observed in second language learners, especially children, where they begin to produce short utterances and phrases using limited vocabulary. At this stage, learners focus on acquiring and practicing basic vocabulary and simple language structures.

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