FREE TExES Special Education EC-12 Questions And Answers


The growth of this awareness is the capacity to recognize certain phonemes, or sounds, in a language.

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Phonemic awareness refers to the ability to recognize and manipulate individual phonemes, which are the smallest units of sound in a language. It involves being able to identify, isolate, and manipulate these sounds, such as blending them together to form words or segmenting them to identify the individual sounds within a word.

17,000 words, participating fully in discussions, 5-7yrs.

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Reaching advanced proficiency in a second language is a significant milestone that typically requires several years of dedicated study and immersion. Advanced proficiency implies a high level of language competence, enabling individuals to participate fully in discussions, comprehend complex texts, and express themselves fluently and accurately. The specific timeframe to achieve advanced proficiency can vary depending on various factors, including the learner's aptitude, the intensity of language learning activities, exposure to the target language, and the complexity of the language itself.

For children between the ages of 5 and 7, attaining advanced proficiency in a second language within the span of a few years is an impressive accomplishment.

How can a teacher effectively teach spelling?

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It should be made clear to students that writing is a process. Many words' spellings can be determined by applying spelling patterns found in word families.

When the objective is to prepare students for academic achievement in classes taught in English, ESL is best taught through sessions that simultaneously teach relevant concepts in mathematics, science, social sciences, and language arts (Ovando, Collier, & Combs, 2003, p. 310). Theme studies give technical and academic vocabulary learning a relevant context.

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Thematic instruction, as described by Ovando, Collier, and Combs (2003), is an approach to ESL (English as a Second Language) instruction that integrates relevant concepts in various academic subjects, such as mathematics, science, social sciences, and language arts. This approach recognizes that language development and content knowledge are interconnected, and by teaching language skills within the context of meaningful content, students are better prepared for academic achievement in classes taught in English.

Which of the following represents a culturally sensitive special education classroom the best?

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Although each of these approaches has its advantages, combining works from many cultures enables pupils to gain knowledge of other continents.
Texts from some of the students' backgrounds should be included in the lesson plan so that other students may get to know each student better.
Making kids from backgrounds that others might not be aware of feel at ease in class is crucial.

Ten minutes of journal writing are allotted by a middle school Language Arts teacher at the start of each lesson. The topics for their essays are completely up to the students. She explains that this is the ideal location for them to respond to what they've read, write about an issue and attempt to come up with answers, keep track of a project they've started, and otherwise connect openly with themselves. The instructor should every so often:

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Encourage students to use their diaries in novel and creative ways, such as through automatic writing, finding poetry, lists, and collages. Despite the
fact that journals are extremely private and should never be accessed without the student's consent, teachers can undoubtedly motivate pupils to
use the journals to creatively explore their thoughts.

Native Language in core academic phase and slowly integrate English

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The transitional bilingual approach is an instructional method that incorporates a student's native language in the core academic phase while gradually integrating English language instruction. This approach recognizes the value of maintaining and developing a student's proficiency in their native language while simultaneously supporting their acquisition of English language skills.

12,000 words, difficult statements, and at least one year.

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Achieving intermediate fluency in a second language typically requires consistent effort and dedication over a period of at least one year. Intermediate fluency implies a solid foundation in the language, allowing for basic communication in a range of everyday situations. However, it's important to note that the time required to reach this level can vary depending on several factors, including the learner's language learning aptitude, prior knowledge of related languages, exposure to the target language, and the intensity of language learning activities.

Students with learning difficulties are being taught how to use chapter headings, subheadings, indexes, and glossaries in their textbooks by a special educator in middle school. The method the teacher is adopting has the most advantages because it

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It is accurate to say that teaching students how to use the chapter headers, subheadings, indexes, and glossaries in their textbooks equips them with the skills necessary to take charge of their own education. It is false to say that teaching students how to use the various components of a textbook fosters the application of critical thinking abilities. Allows pupils to swiftly synthesize new material is false because doing so will not be made possible by utilising a textbook's various components. This statement is untrue because using the textbook's features will not prompt students to make the connection between new information and what they already know.

Which of the following medical conditions falls under the category of "other health impairment" disability?

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Asthma is one of the medical conditions that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) classifies as a "other health impairment." An urgent
health issue limits the strength, energy, or attentiveness of a student with another health limitation. A student may qualify for the other health
impairment category if they have an acute episode of asthma that affects their ability to function in a learning environment.

Word recognition is?

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Important for English Language Learners and pupils who have reading difficulties in particular. The process of determining a word's pronunciation
and meaning is known as word recognition. While it is crucial for all readers, ELLs particularly need it.

Which statement about the "multiple disabilities" category is accurate?

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Students who get services under the category for multiple disabilities are not eligible under the category for a single disability. The needs of these
students cannot be met by one group since they have many disabilities that significantly effect them. IDEA states that because of the severity of the
combined disabilities, they cannot be accommodated in a single category.

After just a few minutes of mathematical instruction at the board, Ms. Jackson adjourns the class. She poses two questions that call for brief responses from the students on note cards. Ms. Jackson rapidly goes over the cards before getting back to her board-based instruction. What kind of evaluation is the teacher using?

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Formative assessment refers to a wide range of techniques that teachers employ to assess students' understanding and learning requirements while they are still learning in order to modify their instruction. Summative is inaccurate since it only evaluates pupils' development after a unit has been completed. Formal assessments are typically scored using percentiles, stanines, or standard scores, hence the term "formal" is misleading. They offer information after scoring that goes beyond the score. The term "alternate" is inaccurate because a different evaluation uses presentations and portfolios to gauge student performance.

Which of the following actions exhibited by a 2-year-old child is the most obvious sign that the child's motor development may be compromised?

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Making involuntary hand movements is appropriate since developmental delays might produce involuntary hand movements in a 2-year-old child. The incorrect statements "difficulty coordinating hands and eyes," "inability to climb stairs with alternate feet," and "frequently falling while running" are those "difficulty coordinating hands and eyes," "inability to climb stairs with alternate feet," and "frequently falling while running." These statements apply to many 2-year-old children, who exhibit these behaviors.

A fifth-grader with diabetes administers insulin to treat her condition. Which of the subsequent signs should alert a teacher that a pupil might be going through insulin shock?

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It is accurate to say that trembling and irritability are signs of insulin shock, which happens when a diabetic forgets to eat after receiving an insulin shot and develops an excess of insulin in the blood. It is wrong to report having a high fever, muscle or joint discomfort, or excessive thirst because these conditions are not common signs of insulin shock.

Errors of this kind include misplaced modifiers, dangling participles, and a lack of subject-verb agreement in a student's writing.

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These are all illustrations of syntactic mistakes, or mistakes in sentence construction. "Students in public schools with disabilities..." is an illustration
of a misplaced modifier since it implies that the public schools, rather than the students, are the ones with the disabilities. An illustration of a dangling
participle is ""While growing up, my parents always told me..."" This makes it appear as though the event was experienced by the parents rather than
the child. ""Only a pencil and paper are needed"" is an illustration of a subject-verb agreement issue since "is" should actually be "are."

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