FREE NASM Assessment Questions and Answers

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Which category exemplifies potential upper crossed syndrome injuries or conditions?

Correct! Wrong!

These injuries or diseases, as well as thoracic outlet syndrome, may result from the many shortened and lengthened muscles that make up upper crossing syndrome.
Lower crossed syndrome may present as hamstring complex strain, anterior knee pain, or low back pain. Pronation distortion syndrome may cause low back discomfort, plantar fasciitis, posterior tibialis tendonitis, and patellar tendinitis.

The muscles listed below are all shortened in pronation distortion syndrome with the exception of:

Correct! Wrong!

Pronation distortion syndrome is characterized by the presence of adducted and internally rotated knees as well as flat feet, or foot pronation. Muscle imbalances in the lower body, which lead to shortened and lengthened muscle groups, are the root cause of this.
In a person with pronation distortion syndrome, the gastrocnemius, adductors, and hip flexor complex are frequently shortened and tight muscles.

What position is the ankle placed in when wearing high heels?

Correct! Wrong!

When it is sustained for a long time, plantarflexion can lead to postural instability. The gastrocnemius, soleus, and Achilles tendon are constricted as a result. In contrast to plantarflexion, dorsiflexion is a healthy stretch for people who wear high heels.

Which of the subsequent tests can take the place of the single-leg squat test?

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Some clients will find the single-leg squat evaluation to be too challenging owing to balance or coordination concerns. A single-leg balancing evaluation would be an acceptable substitute if the single-leg squat assessment turns out to be too difficult because it's always crucial to evaluate someone within their comfort level. A fitness expert can still evaluate movement compensation and the capacity to manage the body in a relatively unstable situation with the single-leg balance.

If the low back arches during an overhead squat evaluation, which muscles might be underactive?

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When these muscles are inactive, the low back arches most likely as a result. The hip flexor complex, erector spinae, and latissimus dorsi are examples of overactive muscles. With severe forward tilt, the anterior tibialis and erector spinae are often underactive. The medial gastrocnemius, gracilis, and sartorius are often underactive when the feet turn out, and the gluteus medius and vastus medialis oblique are typically underactive when the knees go inside.

What is one way that good posture can be a sign of health?

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Additionally, good posture promotes increased force generation, enhanced neuromuscular efficiency, and decreased chance of injury. Joint stress is reduced, changed movement patterns and inappropriate arthrokinematics are avoided.
The ability to reach farther and stand taller may be advantageous, but these traits may not necessarily indicate good health.

What does the systolic pressure illustrate?

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Two numbers are used to represent blood pressure, and they represent the pressure both after the heart has contracted and at rest in between heartbeats. Systolic pressure, which measures the force of the blood exerted on the artery walls after blood is expelled from the heart, is measured. When the heart is at rest and the blood is filling the chambers, diastolic pressure is monitored.

Which of the terms does not refer to a kinetic chain checkpoint?

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The fitness expert should evaluate all kinetic chain checkpoints for each posture evaluation. These checkpoints refer to the body's primary joint regions, which include the head, neck, shoulders, foot and ankle, knee, lumbo-pelvic-hip complex (LPHC), and foot. The fitness expert should examine the body from the anterior, lateral, and posterior perspectives when evaluating these checkpoints.

What are the two best techniques for a fitness expert to assess a client's alignment and posture?

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It's critical to be able to identify which alignment patterns in a client's kinetic chain have changed while evaluating their posture. The ideal way to achieve this is for a fitness expert to monitor the client in both static and dynamic situations to identify any potential weak points.
The starting position for every movement for a person is provided by static posture. While it's crucial to pay attention to someone's posture when they aren't moving, analyzing dynamic posture can help a fitness expert understand how that person's body responds to different activity patterns.

In an examination of an overhead squat, which movement compensation is suggested?

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Assessment of the overhead squat may reveal compensatory movements such turned-out feet, knee adduction/inward rotation, excessive forward sway, low back arch, or forward-leaning arms.
Ask the client to stand with their feet shoulder-width apart, their feet pointed straight forward, and their arms fully extended overhead to do an overhead squat exam. After that, instruct the client to crouch as though sitting on a chair before standing back up.

Which of the following is not a typical location to measure circumference?

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The neck, chest, waist, hips, thighs, calves, and biceps are the top seven body parts to measure circumference. For clients wishing to alter their body composition, circumference measures are another source of feedback. The fitness professional can demonstrate the customer altered girth changes in their body by obtaining these measures over the course of an activity program.

Where does the measuring tape rest while measuring the waist circumference?

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The measuring tape should lie at the narrowest part of the waist, just above the top of the iliac crest, below the rib cage, in order to obtain an accurate measurement of waist circumference. Measure at the navel if there isn't a visible narrowing of the waist.

The Durnin formula uses all of the following skinfold measurement sites, with the exception of:

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Biceps, triceps, subscapular, and iliac crest are the four measurement locations used in the Durnin formula for calculating body fat percentage. The right side of the body should be used for all these measurements. These skinfold sites can be used to calculate a client's body fat percentage.

Which category best exemplifies damage that could result from pronation distortion syndrome?

Correct! Wrong!

Increased foot pronation and external rotation, decreased ankle dorsiflexion and inversion, and increased knee adduction and internal rotation are all symptoms of pronation distortion syndrome. Any of the conditions listed above may result from these.
Lower crossed syndrome is characterized by hamstring complex strain and anterior knee pain, whereas upper crossed syndrome is characterized by headaches, biceps tendonitis, rotator cuff impingement, and thoracic outlet syndrome.

Which of the following evaluations is most suitable for an obese person?

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The Rockport walk test is a straightforward, unthreatening evaluation that can give a reliable baseline of a person's level of fitness. Walking is very simple to start and maintain and has low effect.

All of the head and neck muscles listed below are hyperactive in upper crossed syndrome, with the exception of:

Correct! Wrong!

As a practitioner in the fitness industry, you should be aware of three main compensating behaviors. One of these three typical distortion patterns is upper crossed syndrome. The head protrudes forward, and the shoulders are rounded. An overactive upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, and levator scapulae in the head and neck frequently contribute to this deformed posture. In this distortion pattern, the deep cervical flexors are frequently extended (underactive).

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