CNA Basic Nursing Skills 17


The earliest identifying sign for a developing pressure sore is a local _______.

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One of the primary responsibilities of a nurse aide is to monitor the client's skin for any signs of breakdown. During baths, dressing, or position changes, inspect the skin for redness, pallor, warmth, or bruising. Reposition at least every two hours, protecting areas that rub together, as well as the bony prominences. Massages to the back and buttocks can promote circulation. Range-of-motion exercises are also helpful. Always report any signs of redness or breakdown to the nurse.

A patient with a persistent blood pressure measurement above 140/90 has

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Hypertension is diagnosed when a person has consistent blood pressure measurements of 140/90 or greater. Hypertension has no symptoms as it develops; it can be present for years without a person knowing it.

What is the definition of Aphasia?

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Aphasia occurs after a stroke or injury to the part of the brain that controls language, usually the left side of the brain. Aphasia can affect the ability to speak, understand words, as well as reading and writing. Intelligence is not affected, which can lead to frustration for the person.

Mr. Green’s water pitcher holds 1000 cc, It is full when you came on shift. You refill it once during your shift. At the end of the shift it is half full. How much water has Mr. Green had to drink?

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1000 cc equals one liter. If the patient drinks one liter plus another half, they have had 1500 cc. In medical and pharmacy terms, 1 cc = 1 ml. Mr. Green drank 1500 cc or 1500 ml.

If your patient has bradycardia, what does that mean?

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The normal range of heartbeats is 60-100 per minute. A pulse rate below 60 is called bradycardia, and should be reported to the nurse. "Brady" means slow. Bradypnea is a slow respiratory rate.

The type of bed used for a patient arriving by stretcher or wheelchair is called _________.

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An open bed is the term used for a bed that is ready for a patient to enter. The sheets are folded back, so that it's easy for the patient to get in. Open beds are for new patients, as well as preparing the bed when patients get up for a short time.

Paralysis on one side of the body is called

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A client with hemiplegia has paralysis on one side of the body. The paralysis can be partial or total. It occurs on the opposite side of the CVA (stroke) or brain disorder. The paralysis occurs on the opposite site of the brain where the brain injury happens. If the injury is on the right side of the brain, the left side of the body is affected.

How would a nursing aide identify a problem with a diabetic patient?

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Every CNA should know the basic signs of problems of diabetes. Cold, clammy skin is abnormal and should be reported immediately to the nurse. The patient likely has a low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and needs glucose quickly: orange juice, hard candy, or glucagon. Other warning signs of hypoglycemia are shakiness, anxiety, irritability, rapid heart beat, and dizziness.

A client who requires a high fiber diet should eat

Correct! Wrong!

Dietary fiber is found in plants: fruits, vegetables and grains. There is very little fiber in meat and dairy products. Fruit juices have most of their natural fiber removed.

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CNA Basic Nursing Skills 18

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