CNA Basic Nursing Skills 7
The purpose for padding side rails on the client’s bed is to
Side rails are important for keeping clients from falling out of bed. They also allow a way for clients to grab on to the railing to reposition themselves. However, if the client is agitated, confused, has a head injury or history of seizures, padding the side rails can prevent injuries or entrapment. Some facilities have bed rail pads or bumpers in stock. Use a mattress pad to make a side rail pad. Make sure the bed is always in the lowest position.
What is the term for a device used to take the place of a missing body part?
A prosthesis is a device that replaces a part of the body that is missing from surgery, accidents, or at birth. It helps restore function for the client. Lt can also improve a client's appearance. A prosthesis can be made for eyes, teeth, arms, legs, joints, or breasts.
Which of the following is a correct measurement of urinary output?
300 cc is a metric measurement meaning 300 cubic centimeters. In medicine around the world, the metric system is used for all length, weight, volume, and temperature measurements. The metric system is based on units of ten, and is more precise than other methods of measurement.
To avoid pulling the catheter when turning a male client, the catheter tube must be taped to the client’s
An indwelling urinary catheter is used to drain the bladder into a bag outside the body. In males, it is a long tube with a balloon that is inflated after being inserted. The tube that drains the urine must not be tugged or become kinked. In males, it is attached to the client's inner thigh by tape or a special fastening device. Never attach the tube to anything except the client's inner thigh. The drainage bag should remain lower than the client's bladder to prevent backflow of urine.
Clean bed linen placed in a client’s room but NOT used should be
Once linen has been in a client's room, it is no longer considered to be clean. Each client's room can have pathogens or sources of possible infection that could be spread by objects from that room. Opened supplies or items with sterile packaging that has been opened should also be discarded, even if not used.
Insulin, a hormone, regulates
Diabetes is a disease that results when the pancreas does not make enough insulin to decrease or control the amount of sugar in the blood. Clients with diabetes must check their blood sugar levels every day. They require medication, which can include insulin injections, in order to remain healthy.
The nurse aide is going to help the client walk from the bed to a chair. What should the nurse aide put on the client’s feet?
Preventing a fall is important when helping a client ambulate. Proper footwear should always be worn for any type of walking, even a short distance. Rubber-soled slippers or shoes provide traction to prevent falls. Socks, stockings, or slippers made from fabric can make the client slip or lose balance. Walking in bare feet can lead to foot injuries, which is especially dangerous for diabetic clients.
When operating a manual bed, the nurse aide should remember to
When working a manual bed, be sure to first lock the bed by pressing down the levers on the wheels at the head and foot of the bed. At the end of the bed there are three cranks which control the bed height, as well as raising and lowering the head and feet. Cranks are turned clockwise (left to right) to raise each section, and counter-clockwise to lower them. After positioning the client, always fold the cranks under the bed to prevent others from tripping or falling.
The nurse aide is responsible for all of the following fire prevention measures EXCEPT
While smoking by clients and visitors may not be appropriate, the nurse aide may not take away their cigarettes or matches. However, the nurse aide can certainly report these actions to the charge nurse. The nurse aide should also be familiar with policies regarding smoking or smoking areas, to inform smokers if there are designated places. All staff must be aware of fire extinguisher locations and what to do in the event of a fire. Notifying the nurse or maintenance department of any damaged electrical wiring or sockets, as well as faulty electrical equipment can prevent a fire.
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