RBT Behavior Reduction Test #4

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If a child throws tantrums in stores because his or her parent has a history of buying him or her toys after a tantrum, the tantrum is maintained by .

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The function is social because the reinforcer is given by someone else (the client's mother). The function is also positive because the behavior results in the addition of a stimulus (the toy). As a result, social positive reinforcement is the function.

When Sandra walks into the house, she is informed that she will not be able to watch television since her father is watching a show. As a result, Sandra draws closer to her father, moaning and tugging at his limbs. Sandra's father eventually permits her to watch television. Sandra's whimpering and tugging behavior has continued for almost a month as a result of this. What kind of repercussion is most clearly occurring as a result of sandra's whining and tugging on her father?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Sandra's behavior is being reinforced rather than penalized because it continues to occur. Furthermore, the effect is favorable because it entails the addition of a stimulus (access to television). As a result, the conduct is rewarded positively.

With a customer, Christian is gathering ABC data. Following a task requirement, the client frequently engages in physical assault. The client's grandmother frequently enters the area after the physical aggressiveness and consoles the client; yet, the grandmother guarantees that the task demand is continued. What is the potential purpose of physical aggressiveness based on this ABC data?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
An attention, or social positive reinforcement, function arises when a behavior is performed in order to gain access to a social contact with another person. The grandmother's soothing care could be a positive reinforcer for physical aggressiveness in this scenario.

Jackson is the father of a child who has been diagnosed with autism (ASD). Jacob is the name of his child. Jacob throws long, rage-filled outbursts one day. Mike grants Jacob access to the family tablet as a result. The tantrums stop after Michael receives the tablet. What is the point of Jackson handing the iPad on to Michael?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The function is social since the reinforcer is mediated by another person (Jacob). Furthermore, the function is negative because the conduct results in the removal of a trigger (i.e., tantrums stop). As a result, social negative reinforcement is the function.

Maria has spent the entire day hiking in the desert and is in desperate need of a glass of water. She looks for a way to get to water. Hiking in the desert increases the reinforcing value of water, which is known as ______.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
An establishing operation causes two things: 1) an increase in the stimulus's reinforcing value, and 2) invokes action connected to the stimulus. Deprivation of a stimulus may cause the establishment of operations. Maria was dehydrated since she had not had water and hiked (therefore likely losing fluids owing to sweating); as a result, the value of water increased, and she participated in water-seeking behavior.

Which antecedent adjustment entails modifying some component of how the learner is expected to work in order to make the assignment more appealing?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Task modification entails altering some part of the job to make it more appealing. This is usually done by taking into account a client's preferences. How may Super Mario be included into professional materials, for example, if a client enjoys playing Super Mario games?

Modifications to the preceding are made ________ the desired outcome (s)

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Antecedent changes are made before to the target behavior(s) in order to reduce the risk of undesirable behaviors. They can be used at the start of the day, but they can also be used throughout the day before a circumstance that is likely to result in undesirable behaviors.

An _____ operation improves the value of a stimulus and the action that has previously been associated with it.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
An establishing operation raises the value of a stimulus and the action that has previously been connected with it. If you haven't eaten in a long time, for example, the value of food rises and you engage in food-seeking behavior.

Which antecedent adjustment reduces motivation to participate in problem behavior(s) by offering reward "for free" on a time-based schedule?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Noncontingent reinforcement is when reinforcement is given "for free" on a timetable. If a client's problem behavior is maintained by attention, for example, the client will receive attention regardless of what the client is doing. The term "noncontingent" refers to the fact that the reinforcer is delivered regardless of the client's behavior.

What is the BCBA most visibly manipulating if the BCBA is focused on making the replacement behavior easy and/or the issue behavior difficult?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Response effort describes how easy or difficult it is to engage in a behavior. Running a marathon, for example, necessitates more response effort than watching Netflix. In general, we want replacement behaviors to be easier to engage in than issue behaviors (for example, asking gently) (e.g., tantrums, which spend quite a few calories).

Which antecedent adjustment is utilized for escape-maintained behaviors and entails reducing the amount of work a learner must complete at first, then progressively increasing it?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The amount of work or aversiveness of a task is initially reduced in demand fading. The quantity of work gradually grows as the client masters the simpler jobs. For example, a customer may only require 3 math problems at first, but after some time, the client may require 15 math problems.

To promote compliance, which antecedent adjustment requires supplying numerous high-probability demands before delivering a low-probability demand?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Prior to implementing a low-probability demand, give multiple high-probability demands (high-p refers to actions that a customer is likely to engage in) (low-p refers to behaviors a client is unlikely to engage in).

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