RBT Practice Test 2
What type of consequential operation occurs when a stimulus is added to theenvironment and results in a decrease in behavior over time?
The terms "positive" and "negative" are used to describe how the environment changes. Positive refers to the addition of a stimulus to the environment, whereas negative refers to the removal of a stimulus. Both positive and negative punishment, as well as positive and negative reinforcement, are possible.
Mass trials are represented by which of the following?
A therapist continuously shows the same SD to a student, encouraging the same specific conduct trial after trial until the student completes 5 requested right trials in a row.
The same SD is shown repeatedly with prompting if necessary to obtain a specific response in mass trials. This is typically done to increase condition discrimination acquisition by repeated exposure to a reinforcing situation.
What does the term "response latency" mean?
The delay of time between a stimulus and a given response.
The delay between a given stimulus and a reaction is referred to as response latency.
Reinforcers that get their reinforcing properties by combining with another reinforcer are referred to as _________________.
When paired with other conditioned or unconditioned reinforcers, conditioned reinforcers obtain their reinforcing properties.
What are the four behavioral functions?
Sensory, Escape, Attention, and Tangibles
The following are the four functions of behavior:
Escape - delaying or completely avoiding a non-preferred stimulus
Automatic Reinforcement (Sensory) - actions that create their own result without the involvement of another person, such as drinking from a cup, reading a book, or scratching an itch.
Attention - receiving engagement or shared activity from another person.
Tangible - receiving stuff from another individual
Which of the following are examples of preference evaluations used by behavior analysts to identify lists of appetitive stimuli?
Multiple Stimulus Without Replacement (MSWO)
Multiple stimulus without replacement (MSWO) is a preference assessment that analysts typically use to build preference hierarchies for people whose preferences are unclear or difficult to identify.
Which of the following types of Continuous data collecting methods are you familiar with?
Continuous measurement data gathering systems record every occurrence of an interest behavior. Frequency, Inter-Response Time, and Duration are examples of typical continuous measuring methods.
Which antecedent raises or diminishes a consequence's value?
Motivating operations are further subdivided depending on their value-altering effect: Establishing Operations raise the value of a result, whereas Abolishing Operations decrease it.
Skinner defined Verbal Behavior in terms of _______________ over ________________.
Skinner defined verbal behavior as the function of the behavior over the form of the behavior.
After the learner performs the final step in the chain, which kind of chaining results in the learner being reinforced?
Backwards chaining prompts the learner for each step except the last one, then they contact reinforcement. The learner repeats the past two trials, then the last three, and so on.
What must the client or the person who makes decisions for the client, such as a parent or guardian, do if punishment is to be used?
Give informed consent
When punishment is used, the person who makes choices for the client must give informed consent, and the possible advantages and hazards of employing punishment should be discussed.
When gathering discontinuous data, which device are you most likely to use?
When collecting discontinuous data, you're most likely to use a stopwatch.
What is one of the most significant advantages of having permanent product data?
No direct observation of behavior is required.
One of the most significant benefits of having permanent product data is that it eliminates the need for direct behavior observation.
Which DR procedure is based on time?
DRO is a time-based DR procedure.
Which differential reinforcement procedure requires reinforcing behavior that is physically incompatible with the goal behavior?
You must reinforce conduct that is physically incompatible with the goal behavior under the DRI.
____________________ occurs when the characteristics of a relevant stimulus are changed or amplified in order to improve the chance of a target behavior happening.
Stimulus prompting is defined as the changing or exaggeration of properties of a relevant stimulus in order to improve the chance of a desired response occurring.