GED Social Studies


Looking at the 2008 Electoral College Map, in which Red represents the Republican candidate and Blue represents the Democratic candidate, the following can be determined as true:

Correct! Wrong!

While it's likely that Democrats won the popular vote as well as the Electoral, that cannot be determined from the image. Furthermore, the other responses are not correct.

Observing the Eastern United States, the following can be determined as true:

Correct! Wrong!

Republicans didn't have the most support since they clearly did not win. Which candidate was technically weaker is a matter of opinion. Thus, Answer 2 is the only option that can be determined as factual since the Democratic candidate won in an electoral landslide.

Republicans found the most support in which of the following states?

Correct! Wrong!

New York and Florida went to the Democratic candidate while Oklahoma had far fewer electoral votes, so Texas is the answer.

What does it mean to “ratify” something? 

Correct! Wrong!

The other three options do not accurately define the term.

What does it mean to “adjourn”?

Correct! Wrong!

Answer 2 is the only option that accurately defines the term.

Which of the following is an example of a filibuster?

Correct! Wrong!

Filibusters are designed to prevent a bill from coming to vote, and there are no hard guidelines on what they may consist of, nor how long they may last.

Which of the following statements is true regarding the Electoral process?

Correct! Wrong!

It doesn't happen very often, but it has happened in recent history (the 2000 presidential election). The popular vote has no bearing on who the President turns out to be. Only the candidate with 270 or more electoral votes will get that honor.

The Affordable Care Act was ruled __________ by the Supreme Court of the United States.

Correct! Wrong!

The court ruled that the ACA would be constitutional in 2012. Answers 3 and 4 are merely partisan rhetoric.

Which of the following phrases, found in the US Constitution, accurately describe the call towards self-government?

Correct! Wrong!

Answer 1 is the reason for the Constitution. Answer 3 is a granting of lawmaking powers to the Congress. Answer 4 dictates the requirements of Representatives. Answer 2 (the correct answer) shows that the Constitution was written by "people" not politicians and is thus the correct answer.

The following selections best describe the term "amendment":

Correct! Wrong!

Both Answers 1 and 2 are correct, so Answer 4 can be the only correct answer.

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

Correct! Wrong!

Only Answer 4 deals with the First Amendment. The others are part of additional amendments.

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

Correct! Wrong!

Right to bear arms is the Second Amendment. Answers 2 and 3 are both accurate, so one can't be the correct answer and the other incorrect. Therefore, Answer 4 is correct.

What prevents one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

Correct! Wrong!

Integrating the powers of Congress and the President would enable a single party to make and enforce all laws of the country. Checks and balances allow one branch to "police" the other, so not to allow a monopoly of power.

Who is in charge of the Executive branch?

Correct! Wrong!

Answers 2 and 3 are Legislative. Answer 4 is under the President.

US Senators serve the following duration per term?

Correct! Wrong!

Two years are Representatives. Four years is the President. Eight-year terms are not a part of the political system. Therefore, Answer 3 is the only correct option.

Name the Third US President.

Correct! Wrong!

Washington was the First. Adams, the Second. Lincoln, the Sixteenth.

The following was taken from George Washington’s Farewell Address on September 26, 1796: 

“The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism. But this leads at length to a more formal and permanent despotism. The disorders and miseries, which result, gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of Public Liberty. 

“Without looking forward to an extremity of this kind, (which nevertheless ought not to be entirely out of sight,) the common and continual mischiefs of the spirit of party are sufficient to make it the interest and duty of a wise people to discourage and restrain it.” 

Judging from Washington’s comments, we can determine the following to be true: 
Correct! Wrong!

Washington was neither a fan of the two-party nor three-party system and openly discouraged the use of party politics in national politics.

What significant historical event occurred on November 22, 1963?

Correct! Wrong!

The Cold War didn't have a definite date that one could pinpoint as the end. Pearl Harbor and WWII happened more than a decade before the 1960s began.

President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at the end of which conflict?

Correct! Wrong!

Lincoln led the country through the Civil War.

The following state was not a part of the Louisiana Purchase:

Correct! Wrong!

The Louisiana Purchase did not span far enough West to encompass Nevada.

The following person was one of a group of conspirators who took credit for the attack on the World Trade Centers in 1993:

Correct! Wrong!

Hussein and Gaddafi led Iraq and Libya, respectively. Osama Bin Laden claimed credit for 9/11.

Which of the following US missions included the original lunar landing?

Correct! Wrong!

The Apollo 11 mission featured Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong as well as the lunar landing and moonwalk. The other missions actually happened but at another time.

What is the purpose of the minimum wage?

Correct! Wrong!

The wage was designed to give workers enough money to live on, whether that meant purchasing power, paying bills, or saving for retirement. While it doesn't quite serve that purpose any more, that was the original intent. It was never intended as a mode of increasing profits, or dealing only with healthcare and spending.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the official name of which program?

Correct! Wrong!

Social security, Medicare and Medicaid are designed for all citizens. For food stamps, one must qualify through SNAP.

Supply and demand in the US economy ultimately determines the following:

Correct! Wrong!

Supply and demand has nothing to do with taxes, paying down the deficit, or food stamps.

A business that controls a market is commonly referred to as:

Correct! Wrong!

Duopoly is similar to monopoly, only it is two businesses instead of one. Non-profits aren't in business to make a profit, and the term "empire" is more often applied in military terms. Plus, mono means one.

Using the chart below, identify the most accurate conclusion.

Country of OriginPopulation
Correct! Wrong!

Answers one through three are false statements.

Read the following passage and answer the question that follows: 

Perhaps the most important environmental issue is that of desertification. Desertification happens as a result of soil eroding due to overgrazing, deforestation, and subpar farming methods. Exposure to wind and rain causes the once fertile land to transform into barren desert. Africa’s Sabel region, located south of the Sahara Desert, is one place where one will find deforestation as a major environmental concern.

In this passage, the word “eroding” likely means: 
Correct! Wrong!

Answer 1 more accurately describes deforestation. Answer 2 is drought. Answer 4 is the aftereffect of drought. Therefore, Answer 3 is the correct choice.

An example of the “melting pot” as it relates to the United States would be: 

Correct! Wrong!

Cultures melt in to one another and become their own homogenous unit in a melting pot. The third option is the only example of this.

A topographic map consists of the following: 

Correct! Wrong!

While all options represent a type of map, only topographic maps are three-dimensional in nature.

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