CNA Safety And Emergency Procedures 4
A patient complains of feeling short of breath and nauseated. Her face is rapidly turning red. She tells the nurse aide that she didn’t know there were strawberries in the gelatin she ate. The aide should
For people with food allergies, even a small amount can trigger a severe reaction, including anaphylactic shock that can lead to death. Even if the person has only had mild reactions in the past, immediately report any of the following: shortness of breath, hives or rashes, swelling of the lips or tongue, dizziness or fainting. This is a true medical emergency. Be prepared to do CPR until help arrives.
How often should a CNA renew their CPR card?
Although a facility can determine if more frequent certification is necessary, most facilities require that CPR certification be renewed every two years. The American Heart Association and the American Red Cross CPR and First Aid card are valid for two years, For a facility, all employee CPR certifications must be current and on file when the facility is audited for accreditation.
While caring for a resident you hear the fire alarm ring. What should you do first?
Correct answer: Close the resident's door and any open windows.
While making rounds at 4 am, the nurse aide finds one of the residents unconscious on the floor. What should the nurse aide do first?
When a patient or resident becomes unconscious, call for help, and then quickly check to see if they are breathing and have a pulse. Try to wake them. If they are unsrepsonseive, not breathing or not breathing normally, start CPR while a co-worker calls 911.
If the resident is receiving _______, you need to be extra careful around fire.
Fires need oxygen to continue burning, hence oxygen "feeds" them. In healthcare settings, the 21% oxygen content of regular air can be dangerous. There is 23.5% less oxygen in areas where people are using supplementary oxygen, which makes the flames more intense. When evacuating residents, if at all feasible, turn off the oxygen supply and shut the windows and doors.
What should you do for a person who has stopped breathing and has no heartbeat?
In 2010, emergency assistance for a person who is unresponsive, without breathing, changed to "C-A-B." After placing the person on their back, begin with "C"—chest compressions to keep the blood circulating. "A"—As a certified professional, stop after 30 compressions to clear the airway. "B"—two rescue breaths are given between compressions. If possible, call for help before and during the process.
A patient suddenly finds it difficult to explain that he is weak on one side while receiving a bed bath. The CNA ought to
Strokes might happen suddenly. To recognize early indicators, keep in mind the abbreviation "F.A.S.T." F=Face drooping; A=Arm heaviness; S=Speech difficulties; T=Time to dial 911. Call 911 and inform the nurse. A stroke victim's recovery is feasible if therapy is received quickly.
Place a patient who is vomiting in bed right away in the
The easiest method to avoid aspiration is to sit down. When a resident is upright, there is less of a potential for the contents of the stomach to enter the lungs.
The patient is unconscious when a nurse's assistant enters the room. The assistant's first action is to
Do not start CPR right away if you discover a patient who is unconscious or unresponsive. To start, "shake and shout" by calling their name and requesting that they open their eyes or hear you. Call the Code Team, lower the patient's bed's head, and start compressions if they don't answer. Even if they do reply, call the nurse right away.
A nurse aide walks into a room and sees that the patient is unconscious. The first thing the aide does is to
If you find a patient who is unconscious or unresponsive, do NOT immediately begin CPR. First "shake and shout" by calling their name and asking if they can hear you or to open their eyes. If they do not respond, call the Code Team, lower the head of the patient's bed, and begin compressions. Even if they do respond, notify the nurse immediately.
When should a CNA renew their CPR certification?
The majority of facilities demand that CPR certification be renewed every two years, though a facility may decide that more regular certification is required. When a facility is examined for accreditation, all employees' CPR certifications must be current and on file. The American Heart Association and the American Red Cross CPR and First Aid cards are good for two years.
As you help a resident return to his room after lunch, he seems short of breath. He tells you that his chest hurts. You should
The CNA should be aware of the signs of possible medical emergencies, but cannot assess or diagnose them. A CNA should notify the nurse of a resident's complaints. Continue to check with a resident after their complaints and report changes to the nurse.
Mr. Francis complains of pain in the left chest area. The first thing you do is _________.
As a CNA, you may be the first halth care professional to observe or hear a patient's complaint. Always report it immediately to the nurse. Some patients may have nitroglycerin at their bedside, but you cannot administer it. Tell the nurse so they can evalutate the situation.
What should you do if someone stops breathing and doesn't have a heartbeat?
Emergency help for a person who is unresponsive and not breathing was renamed "C-A-B" in 2010. Start by performing "C" chest compressions to maintain the blood flowing after laying the person on their back. "A" – As a trained professional, halt compressions after 30 to open the airway. Between compressions, two rescue breaths are provided in "B." Call for assistance before and during the process, if at all feasible.
The first aid treatment for hemorrhage is to
Hemorrhaging (heavy bleeding) should be stopped as soon as possible. Use direct pressure on the wound, with a sterile bandage or clean cloth. Use your palm to press firmly. Maintain pressure by adding more layers of bandages and binding the wound with tape or cloth. Do not remove the bandages if bleeding continues; continue to add layers and keep pressing. Always call for help as you begin first aid.
Jenny hasn't been able to eat or drink for a few days because she keeps throwing up. You discover her sleeping. She has dull eyes and a pallid, listless appearance. She probably has a condition that
About 90% of blood is water. To avoid dehydration while unwell, restoring fluids lost through vomiting and diarrhea is crucial. A decline in blood volume brought on by severe dehydration might result in extremely low blood pressure. Hypovolemic (low volume) shock, a medical emergency, is the end result.