TABE Reading Practice Test 4

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Swimming has developed from a primal mode of movement to an advanced hobby and competitive sport. Exercising nearly every muscle group, swimming is a rigorous sport and requires intense training. In competitions swimmers typically contend for the fastest time to complete a certain distance by performing a specific swimming stroke. Also, swimmers work to build endurance and an ability to swim over long distances. Because swimming has developed into a highly intricate competitive sport, where one wrong technique can disqualify a participant, it is interesting to ponder how the sport will evolve for people in the future, either advancing into a progressive purpose or regressing to a primal mode of movement. The structure of this passage could be best described in what way?

Correct! Wrong!

The passage begins by introducing swimming, narrowing it down to competitive sports and then expanding the concept to figure out what swimming will turn into in the future. Choice ‘An activity narrowed to a specific purpose and expanded to consider future implications. ‘ and choice ‘An activity narrowed to a specific purpose and expanded to consider future deviations. ‘ are close in meaning, but choice ‘An activity narrowed to a specific purpose and expanded to consider future implications. ‘ refers to implications, or effects, rather than deviations, or different versions resulting from changes. This minor change separates the two choices and makes choice ‘An activity narrowed to a specific purpose and expanded to consider future deviations. ‘ superior. Choice ‘An activity and its purposes are explained.‘ is relevant, but it does not include the entire scope of the passage. Choice ‘A supposition regarding the prospect of an activity, analyzed for viability ‘ only focuses on the conclusion and stretches beyond what the passage actually accomplishes. Choice ‘An activity narrowed to a specific purpose and expanded to consider future deviations. ‘ is best.

Who Deserves Immortality? (1) By creating monuments to their brilliance, America has traditionally honored its heroes. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. However, in recent years, some of the monuments we have built have come under scrutiny. Should we demolish monuments honoring people with a contentious past? (2) Monuments honoring generals and combatants from the Confederate Army during the Civil War are currently the most contentious monuments in America. How much should America respect those who left the union in an effort to maintain their ownership of slaves? Slavery is America's greatest sin, and the South is not only to responsible for this abomination; the Confederate Army was so opposed to the idea of abolition that they were prepared to wage war. These monuments' detractors contend that we shouldn't memorialize this kind of person and that recognizing them would be a continual insult to the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would be an effort to erase the history of our nation. They contend that it's crucial for us to commemorate the Civil War heroes from both sides. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. (4) The controversy over Civil War statues also brings to light the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering America and creating this nation, according to people who adore his sculptures. Christopher Columbus conquered America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally, according to those who oppose his memorials) in order to seize control over a new continent. Is it OK to honor a man who killed tens of thousands of innocent people? (5) At the moment, America is having identity issues. The nation is attempting to determine the best way to honor our past while ignoring its flaws. The defense of these monuments asserts that to remove them would be to attempt to forget history. However, as monuments are designed to celebrate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have committed acts of hatred and violence, such as Christopher Columbus and Confederate troops. We should make sure that our history books cover these individuals because they played significant roles in American history. But only the real American heroes deserve a place on our monuments. Why are statues to Christopher Columbus, the man who found America, objectionable in the author's opinion?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Because the author specifically acknowledges Columbus' involvement in a genocide when debating whether he merits a monument, answer option (B) is correct. Although it is accurate, answer option (C) is tempting since the author of the essay doesn't address the issue of Columbus's supposed lack of "discovery" of America.

Greek mythology is a vehicle that uses mythological characters and creatures to teach people about the dangers, beauties and possible outcomes of life. In many myths, characters face moral dilemmas involving honor and practicality. The protagonists of epics face creatures that represent values and challenges such as respect, temptation and redemption. How has Greek mythology inevitably evolved with time and new story tellers? Scholars that have interpreted Greek mythology seek to maintain the universal values conveyed in these stories, while ensuring the validity of adapting these stories to their own distinct cultures. It is up to each reader to seek their own truths and learn from epic Greek mythology as best they can. According to the author’s description, which of the following is most likely to be a message from Greek mythology?

Correct! Wrong!

Although almost each of these messages (except choice Passing down Greek mythology has taken on a new form since oral records faded.) is valid and could be interpreted from Greek mythology, only one fits the author’s description. The author explicitly mentions “dangers,” “outcomes of life” and “temptation. (Choice Resisting temptation and immediate gratification will lead to ultimate success.) clearly mentions temptation, which is a danger, and how it affects your outcome in life (ultimate success). (Choice Love is difficult, but it will last if the lovers are meant to be together.) and (choice It is not the fastest, but the longest lasting that wins the race.) are compelling choices, but the author does not make as direct of a reference to these lessons. (Choice Resisting temptation and immediate gratification will lead to ultimate success.)is the best choice.

Swimming has developed from a primal mode of movement to an advanced hobby and competitive sport. Exercising nearly every muscle group, swimming is a rigorous sport and requires intense training. In competitions swimmers typically contend for the fastest time to complete a certain distance by performing a specific swimming stroke. Also, swimmers work to build endurance and an ability to swim over long distances. Because swimming has developed into a highly intricate competitive sport, where one wrong technique can disqualify a participant, it is interesting to ponder how the sport will evolve for people in the future, either advancing into a progressive purpose or regressing to a primal mode of movement. Which of the following situations would fulfill the author’s prophecy for swimming?

Correct! Wrong!

This question refers you to the conclusion sentence. The author states clearly that swimming must either progress into a new form or regress to the primal mode of movement. Choice ‘Swimming remains a competitive Olympic sport. ‘ and choice ‘People swim in home and community pools to relax and exercise. ‘ can be eliminated because they show no change, just a continuation of current circumstances. Choice ‘Humans settling on the moon use swimming techniques to move through space. ‘ is an actual possibility as humans may very well be settling in outer space in the future. Choice ‘Animals, including amphibians, begin to swim instinctively upon birth, as a dominant genetic trait. ‘ and choice ‘Fish begin swimming at unprecedented speeds and extend the average life span. ‘ refer to animals anyway, when the author specifically was predicting a future for humans. Choice ‘Humans settling on the moon use swimming techniques to move through space. is the most realistic and relevant prophecy according to the premises developed by the author.

Greek mythology is a vehicle that uses mythological characters and creatures to teach people about the dangers, beauties and possible outcomes of life. In many myths, characters face moral dilemmas involving honor and practicality. The protagonists of epics face creatures that represent values and challenges such as respect, temptation and redemption. How has Greek mythology inevitably evolved with time and new story tellers? Scholars that have interpreted Greek mythology seek to maintain the universal values conveyed in these stories, while ensuring the validity of adapting these stories to their own distinct cultures. It is up to each reader to seek their own truths and learn from epic Greek mythology as best they can. Which word best describes the author’s account of Greek mythology?

Correct! Wrong!

The author describes the high moral lessons learned from Greek mythology and how epics can instill key values in readers. Greek mythology was also rife with sexual encounters and dirty human actions. The author conveys strictly positive characteristics about epics and their utility. Clearly, the author’s account is idealistic. (choice idealistic) is the best. Because the author is neither pessimistic (choice pessimistic) nor doubtful, or dubious (choice dubious), one can then look at choice idealistic, critical and mysterious. The author does not really criticize Greek mythology; in fact, the author praises it. Also, the author’s account, or description, of Greek mythology is not mysterious; although, the actual mythology may very well be mysterious. Only choice idealistic, idealistic, captures the sentiment attached to the author’s account of Greek mythology.

Free Willy (1) The controversy surrounding SeaWorld has been ever since it first opened its doors in 1959. The business was established to provide visitors to theme parks with a fresh form of entertainment. Customers will have the chance to observe a killer whale swimming around in a tank in front of them, which they had never seen before. However, in the perspective of many, this experience had a cost—a cost that was being borne by the same creatures that everyone had come to view. Many have questioned how these animals are being handled humanely, both during the capture procedure and while they are in custody. These lovely animals are being taken from their natural habitat and placed in tanks that deny them the freedom they require. They were originally free to wander the ocean with their families. (2) People have always been in awe of things they don't comprehend. According to the business and its stockholders, SeaWorld is a location where people may go to watch these animals swim around in front of them securely. SeaWorld is enabling people to view these magnificent orcas, which is something they want to be able to do. However, because of the price of this convenience, activists from all over the world are trying to boycott SeaWorld and draw attention to their cruel treatment of whales among viewers. (3) The treatment of orcas as a product rather than as animals is one of the main grievances raised by protestors against SeaWorld. Activists contend that SeaWorld, a business that seeks to earn a profit, routinely prioritizes financial gain over its obligation to care for and treat whales humanely. Orcas are taken from their homes and families, sold to theme parks around the world (some of which are extremely weakly controlled), and crammed into tanks that are far too tiny and have little to no stimulation for the creatures. Once in captivity, these whales, according to campaigners, lead a miserable existence that primarily consists of feeding and performing in surroundings that consistently hinder their growth. (4) While it is exciting to visit a theme park and view a stunning killer whale up close, the suffering that these animals endure for our amusement is cruel. If SeaWorld wanted to treat these orcas fairly, they would have to spend a lot of money on bettering both the conditions of their imprisonment and the methods used to capture them. Changes of this nature are expensive, difficult, and would significantly impair the company's capacity to turn a profit. However, SeaWorld deserves to fail and should be closed down if they can't thrive in a market where they are required to treat their creatures decently. Read the following section of the passage. The controversy surrounding SeaWorld has been ever since it first opened its doors in 1959. The business was established to provide visitors to theme parks with a fresh form of entertainment. Customers will have the chance to observe a killer whale swimming around in a tank in front of them, which they had never seen before. However, in the perspective of many, this experience had a cost—a cost that was being borne by the same creatures that everyone had come to view. Many have questioned how these animals are being handled humanely, both during the capture procedure and while they are in custody. These lovely animals are being taken from their natural habitat and placed in tanks that deny them the freedom they require. They were originally free to wander the ocean with their families. Which of these phrases best sums up the arrangement utilized in the preceding paragraph?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Choice D is the correct response. The first sentence of the paragraph states that SeaWorld has been "fraught with controversy," and the subsequent sentences go on to elaborate on this controversy. Due to the writer's introduction of a problem, answer option (B) might be alluring; yet, the writer makes no mention of a potential solution in this paragraph.

Free Willy (1) Controversy has dogged SeaWorld ever since it first opened its doors in 1959. The business was established to provide visitors to theme parks with a fresh form of entertainment. Customers will have the chance to observe a killer whale swimming around in a tank in front of them, which they had never seen before. However, in the perspective of many, this experience had a cost—a cost that was being borne by the same creatures that everyone had come to view. Many have questioned how these animals are being handled humanely, both during the capture procedure and while they are in custody. These lovely animals are being taken from their natural habitat and placed in tanks that deny them the freedom they require. They were originally free to wander the ocean with their families. (2) People have always been in awe of things they don't comprehend. According to the business and its stockholders, SeaWorld is a location where people may go to watch these animals swim around in front of them securely. SeaWorld is enabling people to view these magnificent orcas, which is something they want to be able to do. However, because of the price of this convenience, activists from all over the world are trying to boycott SeaWorld and draw attention to their cruel treatment of whales among viewers. (3) The treatment of orcas as a product rather than as animals is one of the main grievances raised by protestors against SeaWorld. Activists contend that SeaWorld, a business that seeks to earn a profit, routinely prioritizes financial gain over its obligation to care for and treat whales humanely. Orcas are taken from their homes and families, sold to theme parks around the world (some of which are extremely weakly controlled), and crammed into tanks that are far too tiny and have little to no stimulation for the creatures. Once in captivity, these whales, according to campaigners, lead a miserable existence that primarily consists of feeding and performing in surroundings that consistently hinder their growth. (4) While it is exciting to visit a theme park and view a stunning killer whale up close, the suffering that these animals endure for our amusement is cruel. If SeaWorld wanted to treat these orcas fairly, they would have to spend a lot of money on bettering both the conditions of their imprisonment and the methods used to capture them. Changes of this nature are expensive, difficult, and would significantly impair the company's capacity to turn a profit. However, SeaWorld deserves to fail and should be closed down if they can't thrive in a market where they are required to treat their creatures decently. When did SeaWorld initially open?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Choice C is the correct response. In the passage's opening words, the solution is made clear.

Disequilibrium at the interface of water and air is a factor on which the transfer of heat and water vapor from the ocean to the air depends. The air within about a millimeter of the water is almost saturated with water vapor and the temperature of the air is close to that of the surface water. Irrespective of how small these differences might be, they are crucial, and the disequilibrium is maintained by air near the surface mixing with air higher up, which is typically appreciably cooler and lower in water vapor content. The turbulence, which takes its energy from the wind mixes the air. As the speed of wind increases, so does the turbulence, and consequently the rate of heat and moisture transfer. We can arrive at a detailed understanding of this phenomenon after further study. The transfer of momentum from wind to water, which occurs when waves are formed is an interacting-and complicated phenomenon. When waves are made by the wind, it transfers important amounts of energy-energy, which is consequently not available for the production of turbulence. The wind over the ocean usually does which of the following according to the given passage? I. Leads to cool, dry air coming in proximity with the ocean surface. II. Maintains a steady rate of heat and moisture transfer between the ocean and the air. III. Results in frequent changes in the ocean surface temperature.

Correct! Wrong!

The answer is I only, because it says in the passage that happens. So ‘I only’ is the best possible answer.

Who Deserves Immortality? (1) By creating monuments to their brilliance, America has traditionally honored its heroes. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. However, in recent years, some of the monuments we have built have come under scrutiny. Should we demolish monuments honoring people with a contentious past? (2) Monuments honoring generals and combatants from the Confederate Army during the Civil War are currently the most contentious monuments in America. How much should America respect those who left the union in an effort to maintain their ownership of slaves? Slavery is America's greatest sin, and the South is not only to responsible for this abomination; the Confederate Army was so opposed to the idea of abolition that they were prepared to wage war. These monuments' detractors contend that we shouldn't memorialize this kind of person and that recognizing them would be a continual insult to the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would be an effort to erase the history of our nation. They contend that it's crucial for us to commemorate the Civil War heroes from both sides. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. (4) The controversy over Civil War statues also brings to light the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering America and creating this nation, according to people who adore his sculptures. Christopher Columbus conquered America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally, according to those who oppose his memorials) in order to seize control over a new continent. Is it OK to honor a man who killed tens of thousands of innocent people? (5) At the moment, America is having identity issues. The nation is attempting to determine the best way to honor our past while ignoring its flaws. The defense of these monuments asserts that to remove them would be to attempt to forget history. However, as monuments are designed to celebrate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have committed acts of hatred and violence, such as Christopher Columbus and Confederate troops. We should make sure that our history books cover these individuals because they played significant roles in American history. But only the real American heroes deserve a place on our monuments. Read the article's first sentence. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. What does the word "memorializing" mean in this sentence?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Because monuments are statues that honor significant figures, answer choice (A) is accurate. Although answer option (B) may be alluring, "showing" is too restrictive and lacks the same sense of dignity as "memorializing."

Free Willy (1) Controversy has dogged SeaWorld ever since it first opened its doors in 1959. The business was established to provide visitors to theme parks with a fresh form of entertainment. Customers will have the chance to observe a killer whale swimming around in a tank in front of them, which they had never seen before. However, in the perspective of many, this experience had a cost—a cost that was being borne by the same creatures that everyone had come to view. Many have questioned how these animals are being handled humanely, both during the capture procedure and while they are in custody. These lovely animals are being taken from their natural habitat and placed in tanks that deny them the freedom they require. They were originally free to wander the ocean with their families. (2) People have always been in awe of things they don't comprehend. According to the business and its stockholders, SeaWorld is a location where people may go to watch these animals swim around in front of them securely. SeaWorld is enabling people to view these magnificent orcas, which is something they want to be able to do. However, because of the price of this convenience, activists from all over the world are trying to boycott SeaWorld and draw attention to their cruel treatment of whales among viewers. (3) The treatment of orcas as a product rather than as animals is one of the main grievances raised by protestors against SeaWorld. Activists contend that SeaWorld, a business that seeks to earn a profit, routinely prioritizes financial gain over its obligation to care for and treat whales humanely. Orcas are taken from their homes and families, sold to theme parks around the world (some of which are extremely weakly controlled), and crammed into tanks that are far too tiny and have little to no stimulation for the creatures. Once in captivity, these whales, according to campaigners, lead a miserable existence that primarily consists of feeding and performing in surroundings that consistently hinder their growth. (4) While it is exciting to visit a theme park and view a stunning killer whale up close, the suffering that these animals endure for our amusement is cruel. If SeaWorld wanted to treat these orcas fairly, they would have to spend a lot of money on bettering both the conditions of their imprisonment and the methods used to capture them. Changes of this nature are expensive, difficult, and would significantly impair the company's capacity to turn a profit. However, SeaWorld deserves to fail and should be closed down if they can't thrive in a market where they are required to treat their creatures decently. Read the following clause in the passage. Activists contend that SeaWorld, a business that seeks to earn a profit, routinely prioritizes financial gain over its obligation to care for and treat whales humanely. What other term has the same meaning as myopic in the above sentence?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Choice (A) is the correct response. The author of the passage expresses his belief that SeaWorld is overly concerned with making money in the passage. This is a fairly "limited" emphasis given the author's opinion that attention must also be paid to the welfare of whales. None of the other options convey this concept.

Who Deserves Immortality? (1) Building monuments to the brilliance of its heroes has always been a tradition in America. In America, it would be difficult to find a community without at least a tiny monument honoring a significant individual. But recently, some of the monuments we have erected have come under scrutiny. Should monuments honoring people with a contentious past be demolished? (2) At the moment, the most contentious monuments in the United States are those that pay homage to Civil War-era Confederate generals and troops. Should America give special consideration to those who left the union in order to preserve their ownership of slaves? The idea of liberating slaves was so opposed by the Confederate Army that they were prepared to go to war over it. Slavery is America's greatest dishonor, and the south is not only to responsible for such an atrocity. The argument made by those opposed to these monuments is that he is not the kind of person we should be celebrating, and that by doing so, we are continually demeaning the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would amount to an effort to erase our nation's past. They contend that it's critical that we honor the combatants on both sides of the Civil War. However, organizations that support these monuments frequently make the claim that slavery played a relatively insignificant role in the American Civil War, which history categorically rejects. (4) The controversy surrounding Civil War statues also throws light on the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. For those who adore his statues, Christopher Columbus is the one who found America and established this nation. According to those who disagree with his memorials, Christopher Columbus invaded America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally) in order to seize control of a new continent. Is a man deserving of memorialization if he killed hundreds of thousands of innocent people? (5) America is currently having identity issues. The nation is attempting to decide how to celebrate our past while avoiding its worst parts. Defenders of these monuments contend that doing away with them would be an attempt to erase history. The truth is, however, that since monuments are designed to commemorate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have engaged in hatred and violence, such as Confederate troops and Christopher Columbus. We should make sure that these individuals are covered in our history texts since they are significant people in American history. But the real American heroes should be honored with monuments. Which of these summaries best captures the article?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The author obviously takes a position on the matter, calling for the removal of monuments honoring persons who did not stand on the right side of history, hence answer option (A) is the one that is correct. While it may be tempting to choose option (B), the author never advocates demolishing all monuments—or even the majority of them. Answer option (C) is similar in that it represents the author's perspective, however the phrase "vandal" indicates that this answer choice is critical of the author's opinion and must be incorrect.

Disequilibrium at the interface of water and air is a factor on which the transfer of heat and water vapor from the ocean to the air depends. The air within about a millimeter of the water is almost saturated with water vapor and the temperature of the air is close to that of the surface water. Irrespective of how small these differences might be, they are crucial, and the disequilibrium is maintained by air near the surface mixing with air higher up, which is typically appreciably cooler and lower in water vapor content. The turbulence, which takes its energy from the wind mixes the air. As the speed of wind increases, so does the turbulence, and consequently the rate of heat and moisture transfer. We can arrive at a detailed understanding of this phenomenon after further study. The transfer of momentum from wind to water, which occurs when waves are formed is an interacting-and complicated phenomenon. When waves are made by the wind, it transfers important amounts of energy-energy, which is consequently not available for the production of turbulence. This passage principally intends to:

Correct! Wrong!

The answer is attempt a description of a phenomenon, because in the passage they author starts to describe what a phenomenon.

"Who Deserves Immortality? (1) By creating monuments to their brilliance, America has traditionally honored its heroes. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. However, in recent years, some of the monuments we have built have come under scrutiny. Should we demolish monuments honoring people with a contentious past? (2) Monuments honoring generals and combatants from the Confederate Army during the Civil War are currently the most contentious monuments in America. How much should America respect those who left the union in an effort to maintain their ownership of slaves? Slavery is America's greatest sin, and the South is not only to responsible for this abomination; the Confederate Army was so opposed to the idea of abolition that they were prepared to wage war. These monuments' detractors contend that we shouldn't memorialize this kind of person and that recognizing them would be a continual insult to the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would be an effort to erase the history of our nation. They contend that it's crucial for us to commemorate the Civil War heroes from both sides. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. (4) The controversy over Civil War statues also brings to light the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering America and creating this nation, according to people who adore his sculptures. Christopher Columbus conquered America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally, according to those who oppose his memorials) in order to seize control over a new continent. Is it OK to honor a man who killed tens of thousands of innocent people? (5) At the moment, America is having identity issues. The nation is attempting to determine the best way to honor our past while ignoring its flaws. The defense of these monuments asserts that to remove them would be to attempt to forget history. However, as monuments are designed to celebrate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have committed acts of hatred and violence, such as Christopher Columbus and Confederate troops. We should make sure that our history books cover these individuals because they played significant roles in American history. But only the real American heroes deserve a place on our monuments. Which of the following claims would most effectively support the author's viewpoint in the article?"

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The correct response is option (C), as it is the only one that continues to call for the removal of offensive monuments and demonizes those who would use violence to defend them. In the article, the author makes the argument that it is wrong to memorialize hatred and violence, and the acts of white supremacists in defending such monuments reinforce this claim.

Who Deserves Immortality? (1) By creating monuments to their brilliance, America has traditionally honored its heroes. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. However, in recent years, some of the monuments we have built have come under scrutiny. Should we demolish monuments honoring people with a contentious past? (2) Monuments honoring generals and combatants from the Confederate Army during the Civil War are currently the most contentious monuments in America. How much should America respect those who left the union in an effort to maintain their ownership of slaves? Slavery is America's greatest sin, and the South is not only to responsible for this abomination; the Confederate Army was so opposed to the idea of abolition that they were prepared to wage war. These monuments' detractors contend that we shouldn't memorialize this kind of person and that recognizing them would be a continual insult to the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would be an effort to erase the history of our nation. They contend that it's crucial for us to commemorate the Civil War heroes from both sides. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. (4) The controversy over Civil War statues also brings to light the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering America and creating this nation, according to people who adore his sculptures. Christopher Columbus conquered America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally, according to those who oppose his memorials) in order to seize control over a new continent. Is it OK to honor a man who killed tens of thousands of innocent people? (5) At the moment, America is having identity issues. The nation is attempting to determine the best way to honor our past while ignoring its flaws. The defense of these monuments asserts that to remove them would be to attempt to forget history. However, as monuments are designed to celebrate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have committed acts of hatred and violence, such as Christopher Columbus and Confederate troops. We should make sure that our history books cover these individuals because they played significant roles in American history. But only the real American heroes deserve a place on our monuments. Part A What is the article's main idea?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Answer option (A) is accurate because, despite the author's initial appearance of objectivity, she expresses her opinion in the last few paragraphs by expressing that she wants objectionable monuments knocked down.

Who Deserves Immortality? (1) By creating monuments to their brilliance, America has traditionally honored its heroes. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. However, in recent years, some of the monuments we have built have come under scrutiny. Should we demolish monuments honoring people with a contentious past? (2) Monuments honoring generals and combatants from the Confederate Army during the Civil War are currently the most contentious monuments in America. How much should America respect those who left the union in an effort to maintain their ownership of slaves? Slavery is America's greatest sin, and the South is not only to responsible for this abomination; the Confederate Army was so opposed to the idea of abolition that they were prepared to wage war. These monuments' detractors contend that we shouldn't memorialize this kind of person and that recognizing them would be a continual insult to the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would be an effort to erase the history of our nation. They contend that it's crucial for us to commemorate the Civil War heroes from both sides. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. (4) The controversy over Civil War statues also brings to light the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering America and creating this nation, according to people who adore his sculptures. Christopher Columbus conquered America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally, according to those who oppose his memorials) in order to seize control over a new continent. Is it OK to honor a man who killed tens of thousands of innocent people? (5) At the moment, America is having identity issues. The nation is attempting to determine the best way to honor our past while ignoring its flaws. The defense of these monuments asserts that to remove them would be to attempt to forget history. However, as monuments are designed to celebrate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have committed acts of hatred and violence, such as Christopher Columbus and Confederate troops. We should make sure that our history books cover these individuals because they played significant roles in American history. But only the real American heroes deserve a place on our monuments. Part B Which of the following assertions from the article best supports the answer to Part A?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Answer Choice C is the only quotation that supports Part A's argument (C).

Who Deserves Immortality? (1) By creating monuments to their brilliance, America has traditionally honored its heroes. It would be difficult to find a town in America without at least a tiny statue honoring a significant individual. However, in recent years, some of the monuments we have built have come under scrutiny. Should we demolish monuments honoring people with a contentious past? (2) Monuments honoring generals and combatants from the Confederate Army during the Civil War are currently the most contentious monuments in America. How much should America respect those who left the union in an effort to maintain their ownership of slaves? Slavery is America's greatest sin, and the South is not only to responsible for this abomination; the Confederate Army was so opposed to the idea of abolition that they were prepared to wage war. These monuments' detractors contend that we shouldn't memorialize this kind of person and that recognizing them would be a continual insult to the people of color who now enjoy freedom in our nation. (3) Supporters of these monuments contend that removing them would be an effort to erase the history of our nation. They contend that it's crucial for us to commemorate the Civil War heroes from both sides. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. (4) The controversy over Civil War statues also brings to light the 600 or so monuments and tributes to one of America's most significant and contentious historical personalities. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering America and creating this nation, according to people who adore his sculptures. Christopher Columbus conquered America and committed genocide (whether on purpose or accidentally, according to those who oppose his memorials) in order to seize control over a new continent. Is it OK to honor a man who killed tens of thousands of innocent people? (5) At the moment, America is having identity issues. The nation is attempting to determine the best way to honor our past while ignoring its flaws. The defense of these monuments asserts that to remove them would be to attempt to forget history. However, as monuments are designed to celebrate role models, America should remove any honoring of individuals who have committed acts of hatred and violence, such as Christopher Columbus and Confederate troops. We should make sure that our history books cover these individuals because they played significant roles in American history. But only the real American heroes deserve a place on our monuments. Read the passage from the article. However, organizations in favor of these monuments frequently make the completely untrue claim that slavery played a minimal role in the Civil War. Which word in the sentence has the same meaning as "advocating"?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Answer option (C) is correct because an advocate is someone who supports and fights for a cause. Although "caring" might often be nearly synonymous with "advocating" (A), caring doesn't really fit in the sentence because the author isn't talking about those who look after the monuments' upkeep.