# UCAT Decision Making Test #1

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#### Five travelers wearing shirts and caps of various colors—blue, green, brown, yellow, and red—came from China, Italy, Germany, France, and America. No two visitors wore matching caps or shirts. The tourist from France wore a green shirt. Her hat wasn't either blue or red. The tourist from America sported a red shirt. The traveler from Italy had a brown hat. Her clothing matched the color of the French tourist's cap exactly. Which of the ensuing assertions is accurate?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A brown or blue shirt was worn by the Chinese traveler.

#### Each of Carlo, Samantha, Dan, Rose, and Marie has an automobile. The colors of the cars are either red, blue, or green. The remaining nine vehicles are sedans, with three hatchbacks. Green sedans are all present. Hatchbacks come in red or blue colors. There are no hatchbacks for Marie and Carlo. Only Drake owns a blue automobile out of Samantha, Dan, and Rose. Which of the ensuing assertions is accurate?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Samantha has a red hatchback.

#### Should the voting age be lowered to 16 in order to combat the problem of low voter turnout? From the statements below, pick the one that makes the most sense.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The issue of voter turnout is only addressed in this one comment.

#### Should "fast food" restaurants be prohibited from selling junk food to kids during school hours in order to promote the health of children? From the statements below, pick the one that makes the most sense.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
It addresses the key issue regarding the health of children. It acknowledges the connection between junk food, ill health, and obesity.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:

#### There are either adults or kids among the 27 participants in the club. Three more men than women are present. Males make up 12 of the 16 adults. In the club, how many boys are there?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
This is due to the fact that 4 of the 16 adults are female if 12 of the adults are male. Since there are 27 members of the group, 11 of them must be minors.
There are 3 more men than females, therefore the total number of males is equal to the total number of females + 1. The following can be written:
12 (adult males) plus MC (male children) equals 4 (adult female) plus FC (female children) plus 3.
In other words, 5 = FC - MC. Consequently, 5 + MC = FC.
Knowing that the sum of MC and FC is 11, FC can be used to replace 5 + MC in the calculation, resulting in MC + 5 + MC = 11. There are therefore 3 male children.

#### Samatha, Kelly, Naneth and Neri had a vacation. Each person engaged in a beach activity, such as snorkeling, sea walking, jet skiing, or scuba diving. These events cost \$30, \$40, \$65 and \$75 each (not in any order). Despite spending \$10 more than Neri, Kelly did not spend the most money on his activities. Although Naneth didn't go jet skiing, her pastime was less expensive than Samantha's. Kelly did not choose a sea walk as his beach pastime; Neri chose snorkeling. Who received \$75 for their work?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Samantha paid \$75 for her activity.

#### Ice cream bowls are sold by Jeremy. Any meal can have up to three distinct flavors. He makes the choice to add another flavor. Is eight the maximum number of additional ice cream dishes with up to three flavors that Jeremy can sell?

Correct! Wrong!

No, there will be 7 more dishes from 3 + 3 + 1.

#### A biased six-sided die is used in a game that X and Y play. Some numbers are more likely to be rolled than others on a biased dice. Whoever throws a six first wins. First pitch is by X. No matter how skewed the dice, X and Y have an identical probability of winning.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The probability of X failing then Y succeeding is lower than the likelihood of X succeeding in the sequence X then Y on any pair of turns where X must fail before Y may succeed.

#### Should society ultimately be in charge of the care of elderly people when they are no longer physically or mentally capable of taking care of themselves, rather than family members? From the statements below, pick the one that makes the most sense.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Both society and family are mentioned. It acknowledges that although family members may ultimately be in charge of providing care, there are times when they are unable to do so or may not even exist, in which case society should voluntarily take action to make sure the old person is taken care of.

#### Ara works as a science advisor. She traveled to China to provide an English-language workshop on science communication for Chinese science teachers. Nine out of 10 of the teachers Ara encountered there were eager to speak English. According to a report Ara prepared, 90% of Chinese science professors wanted to speak English. Was Ara right to make this claim?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Since non-English speakers would be significantly less eager to speak English, the 90 percent results from a selection effect.