TOEFL Practice Test 9

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Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the bottom

1. The leading causes of amnesia are either physical or psychological. In

2. antergrade amnesia, the subject is unable to recall the events that occur after

3. a shock or an injury to the brain; however, past memories will not be lost. In

4. retrograde amnesia, the patient is capable of recalling events that occurs after the

5. trauma; interestingly enough, information stored before the shock, is lost and

6. cannot be retrieved. In paraamnesisa, established memories are contorted. In

7. psychogenic fugue, the subject may venture into a new lifestyle, trying to

8. repress memories which lead to trepidation. The events happening during

9. psychogenic fugue are non-retrievable. Nonetheless, the experiences that

10. happened before the onset can be recovered. Among the most popular

11. treatments for psychologically related amnesia are psychotherapy, the use of

12. drugs, and hypnosis.

In line 8, the word "trepidation" could be replaced by

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

With what topic is the passage mainly concerned?

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

The phrase "are comprised of" in line 1 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

The author mention all of the following reasons for other birds to hatch cuckoo's eggs EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

It can be inferred that the parasitic cuckoos

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

The word "arboreal" in line 6 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

The word "ones" in line 6 refers to

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

Which of the following is NOT included in carnivorous cuckoos' diet?

Correct! Wrong!

1. The cuckoos are comprised of over 120 species. They are generally divided into

2. two groups: the parasitic and nonparasitic. The parasitic cuckoos replace

3. the neighbor's eggs with their own and let the host hatch the eggs which are>/p>

4. almost identical in size and color to the host's eggs. The non-parasatic,

5. however, lay the eggs on their own nests and rear their own offspring. The

6. cuckoos that are arboreal are insectivorous, but the ones that lack climbing

7. flexibility are mainly carnivorous and feast on mice, snakes, birds and

8. somewhat small ground animals. Their downcurved beak is an advantage in

9. killing the prey. The yellow-billed cuckoo and the black-billed cuckoo are the

10. most common species in North America. The cuckoos are mostly light brown

11. above and dull gray below, with the exception of the tropical species that are

12. brilliantly colored. A long tail is a common trait among the

13. cuckoos.

What does the author mean by stating that "Their downcurved beak is an advantage in killing the prey" (lines 8-9)?

Correct! Wrong!

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