PARCC Algebra Practice Test 2
1. Simplify the expression (4x + 22x) / (2x)
1. D: You can solve this problem either (1) by simplifying the numerator and denominator separately and then simplifying the result or (2) by using the distributive property. For this problem, we will use the first method.
First rewrite 4x as an exponent of 2 using the property, (bx )y=bxy.
Then use this to simplify the numerator with the property, bx x y = bx+y.
Finally, simplify the result using bx / by = bx-y
2. Simplify the expression (2x2-5x-12)/(2x2-4x-16).
2. D: To simplify the expression, first factor the numerator and the denominator. By the trial-and-error method, the numerator can be factored into two binomials as follows.
2x2 - 5x - 12 = (2x + 3)(x -4 )
For the denominator, factor out the common factor, which is 2.
2x2 - 4x - 16 = 2(x2 - 2x -8)
Thus, the factored form of the expression is
Notice that there is a common factor, (x - 4), which is in both the numerator and the denominator. Therefore, you can further simplify the expression by cancelling it out.
3. Suppose that the function f(x) is a quadratic function with roots at x=2-3i and x=2+3i. Find f(x).
3. B: The roots of a quadratic function f(x) are the values of x for which f(x)=0. A quadratic function written in the form f(x)=(x-a)(x-b) has roots at x=a and x=b. Therefore, to find f(x), substitute 2-3i and 2+3i for a and b into this equation and simplify the result. Note that (2-3i)(2+3i)=4-9i^2=13.
4. Solve the inequality for x. Select all that apply.
4. A and C: To solve, first factor the polynomial. Notice that the greatest common factor (GCF) of the terms is 2x. Factor this expression out and then use trial-and-error to factor the resulting trinomial.
Solving for 0, we find that the roots of the polynomial are x=0, x=3/2, and x=-4.
These values divide the number line into four intervals. Choose a test number from each interval and determine whether the product is positive or negative. For this problem, we will use -5, -1, 1, and 2 as test numbers. Substitute these values into the original polynomial.
Thus, the given inequality, 4x^3+10x^2-24x<0, is satisfied by numbers less than -5 and numbers between 0 and 3/2.
5. A baseball is thrown up in the air from an initial height of 6 feet. Its height above the ground (in feet) t seconds after being thrown is given by the function h(t)=-16t^2+46t+6. How long will it take (in seconds) for the baseball to hit the ground?
5. D: The baseball will hit the ground when its height is zero. In mathematical notation, this will happen when h(t)=0. Therefore, we need to set the given function equal to zero.
Now solve the resulting equation. Factor the left side and use the zero-product property to solve for t.
The answer only makes sense when t is positive, so we can discard the negative value. Thus, the calculator will hit the ground 3 seconds after it is thrown.
6. Solve the equation for x. Select all that apply.
6. C only: The logarithm of a number is the exponent that the base must to be raised to in order to get that number. For example, since 2^3=8, it is also true that log_2?8=3. Thus, the given equation log_2?(8x-x^2 )=4 implies that
Simplify this equation and solve for x.
Thus, the solution is x=4. Check this value on your own by substituting it into the original equation to make sure that the result is a true statement.
7. Calculate the average rate of change of f between x=1 and x=4.
7. C: The average rate of change of a function f between x=a and x=b can be computed with the formula
Average rate of change=(f(b)-f(a))/(b-a)
To use this formula, first calculate f(1) and f(4).
Then use these values to calculate the average rate of change.
Average rate of change=(f(4)-f(1))/(4-1)
8. Simplify the expression (x3-3x2+2x-6)/(x2-9).
8. D: To simplify the expression, first factor the numerator and the denominator. The numerator can be factored by grouping as follows.
For the denominator, factor using the difference of squares formula, a^2-b^2=(a+b)(a-b).
Thus, the factored form of the expression is
Notice that there is a common factor, (x-3), which is in both the numerator and the denominator. Therefore, you can further simplify the expression by cancelling it out.
9. Suppose that angle θ is in Quadrant I and cos θ = 12/13. Find tan θ.
9. C: Use a unit circle to model the value of cosine. In a right triangle, the cosine function is cosθ=adjacent/hypotenuse. Using the Pythagorean Theorem, we find that the length of the second leg is
Since the tangent function is tanθ=opposite/adjacent, the value of tanθ is tanθ=√(5/13)/(12/13)=√5/12 In Quadrant I, the values of cosine and tangent are both positive. Therefore, tanθ=5/12.
10. Which expression is equivalent to 6√x+10x?
10. B: All of the choices involve two transformations of the given expression: factoring out either 2 or 2x and changing the radical to an exponent. First factor out the greatest common factor (GCF) of the terms. In this case, the GCF is 2.
In addition, the square root of x is equal to x raised to the 1/2 power.
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