FREE Wound Care Certification Beginner’s Guide Question and Answer

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What is round, fluid-filled, and bigger than 1 cm?

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A bulla is a larger than 1 cm blister that is clear, watery, and full of fluid. Friction, contact dermatitis, and other skin problems can cause it.

A patient's coccyx has developed a pressure ulcer; based on what you know about wound closure methods, how do you think this wound will heal?

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Secondary intention healing leaves a wound open. The wound is closed without the use of any sutures or other materials. Instead, dressings are used to keep the wound from getting infected.

What happens (mostly) in the first phase of wound healing?

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In the hemostasis phase of healing a wound, the goal is to stop any bleeding. Your body uses its blood-clotting system to accomplish this. The process of your wound healing begins when your blood clots at the site of a wound, preventing you from losing too much blood.

Creating new blood vessels is formally called:

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The growth of new blood vessels from existing vasculature is known as angiogenesis. It happens both when you are healthy and when you are sick. It starts in the womb and goes on until you die.

Doctors remove wire sutures.

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Your doctor will sterilize before removing your suture wires. They will cut one end of your suture as close to your skin as possible. Then, they will carefully pull the suture out.

A patient in palliative care suddenly got a dark, pear-shaped ulcer on the sacrum. It had uneven edges and grew quickly. This means that the pt:

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A Kennedy ulcer, which is also called a Kennedy terminal ulcer (KTU), is a dark sore that appears quickly in the last few months of a person's life. Kennedy's sores get worse as his skin breaks down, which is a part of dying. These ulcers don't happen to everyone in their last days and hours, but they do happen often.

Collagen and elastin are the proteins that compose the dermis. Both of these proteins are in charge of:

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The main fibers that make up the extracellular matrix are collagen and elastin. Fibroblasts make both of these things. Collagen gives the skin its tensile strength, and elastin gives it its flexibility. Aging reduces the production and density of both, resulting in sagging and wrinkles.

If you've lost ___ of your weight in the last three months, that means your nutrition has gone down a lot.

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It is possible to lose 10% of your body weight: Studies show that losing at least 10% of your body weight is a realistic and doable goal for most people, taking into account their biology, genetics, and environment.

The body doesn't get rid of fat-soluble vitamins. Instead, they stay in the liver and fat tissue until they are needed. Deficiencies are uncommon. Which vitamins are fat-soluble?

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Vitamins are needed in small amounts in food to help with growth, reproduction, and health. The vitamins A, D, E, and K are called fat-soluble because they dissolve in organic solvents and are absorbed and moved through the body in a way that is similar to how fats do.

What happens during the second phase of wound healing?

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The Inflammatory Phase is the second step in how a wound heals. It lasts up to seven days in acute wounds and longer in chronic wounds and involves phagocytic cells that release reactive oxygen species.

When a chemotherapeutic agent is given to a patient, and they get a tissue reaction in an area that has already been irradiated.

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Radiation recall phenomenon is a reaction that happens in a previously irradiated area of tissue when certain chemotherapeutic agents are given afterward. It usually affects the skin, but it can also affect internal organs in ways that affect how they work.

A synonym for coagulation is:

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Blood clots are the result of a process called coagulation, in which blood changes from a liquid to a gel. It could cause hemostasis, which is when a damaged blood vessel stops leaking blood, and then repair.

The ____ is not one of the three layers of skin.

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The deepest skin layer nearest to the muscle is subcutaneous tissue. This layer is also called the superficial fascia, the hypodermis, the subcutis, and the tela subcutanea. Three distinct layers make up the skin: the epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis.

A nutritional assessment should be performed within ___ of admission, as recommended by the Joint Commission.

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In 1995, the Joint Commission said that a nutrition screening had to be completed within 24 hours of a patient being admitted to a hospital, and if the screening showed that a patient was at risk, a full nutrition assessment had to be done. This is to stop malnutrition, which can cause more illness, death, and health care costs.

Red blood cells are made of a protein that gives them their red color and their capacity to carry oxygen. What is the name of this protein?

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The oxygen-carrying protein found in all RBCs is called hemoglobin. It absorbs oxygen where it is abundant (the lungs) and releases it where it is required throughout the body. The pigment that gives RBCs their red hue is hemoglobin.

When two surfaces rub against each other, shallow epidermal involvement is referred to as _____,

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When the skin rubs against an outside surface, this is called friction.

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