FREE PTE Academic Knowledge Questions and Answers

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Draws conclusions about values by using declarations of fact.

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The correct term for drawing conclusions about values by using declarations of fact is the "naturalistic fallacy."

The naturalistic fallacy occurs when someone infers a value judgment (what ought to be) from a statement of fact (what is). It's an error in reasoning that assumes that what is natural or factual is inherently good or moral. In other words, it conflates descriptive statements (how things are) with prescriptive or normative statements (how things should be).

Modify or adapt the rhyme scheme in a sonnet while providing answers to the queries.

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The correct term for modifying or adapting the rhyme scheme in a sonnet while providing answers to the queries is "volta."

In the context of a sonnet, the volta refers to a significant shift or turn in the poem's subject matter, tone, or argument. It typically occurs between the octave (the first eight lines) and the sestet (the final six lines) in Petrarchan or Italian sonnets, or after the third quatrain in Shakespearean or English sonnets. The volta serves to introduce a new perspective, idea, or resolution to the poem's theme or conflict.

Affixes following the word.

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The correct term for affixes that follow a word, such as prefixes or suffixes, is "suffixes."

Suffixes are affixes that are added to the end of a word to change its meaning or form. For example, in the word "happy," the "-ness" suffix can be added to form the word "happiness," changing the word from an adjective to a noun.

Minimizes things in order to create an impact.

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The correct term for minimizing things in order to create an impact is "Understatement."

Understatement is a rhetorical device used to downplay the significance or importance of something, often for emphasis or ironic effect. By minimizing the importance of a situation or event, understatement can create a contrast between the actual situation and the way it is described, leading to a heightened impact on the reader or listener.

Poems that combine dancing and music with a strong romantic theme.

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The correct term for poems that combine dancing and music with a strong romantic theme is "Odes."

Odes are a type of lyrical poem that expresses admiration, praise, or celebration for a person, event, or object. They often feature a formal and elevated tone and can explore various themes, including romantic love. Odes can encompass a wide range of subjects and emotions, and they may incorporate elements of music, dance, and romance.

Poems composed in the form of letters.

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The correct term for poems composed in the form of letters is "epistolary."

Epistolary refers to the literary technique of writing or composing works in the form of letters or correspondence. In the context of poetry, epistolary poems are those that take the form of letters, typically addressed to a specific recipient or written in the style of a letter. These poems often explore personal thoughts, feelings, or experiences through the intimate and conversational format of a letter.

Lambic pentameter in 14 lines, carefully arranged around a single idea.

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The correct term for a poetic form consisting of iambic pentameter in 14 lines, carefully arranged around a single idea, is "sonnet."

A sonnet is a specific form of poem that traditionally consists of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter, with a specific rhyme scheme. Sonnets are carefully structured around a single idea, theme, or sentiment, and they often explore complex emotions or philosophical concepts within the constraints of their form.

Comparing similar objects (bow and arrow).

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The correct term for comparing similar objects like a bow and arrow is "analogies."

Analogies are comparisons between two similar objects, concepts, or situations to highlight their similarities or illustrate a point. In this case, comparing a bow and arrow involves drawing parallels between their characteristics or functions to help understand one or both objects better.

Students are able to exchange ideas with one another.

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The correct term for the scenario described, where students exchange ideas with one another, is "Paired reading strategy."

The paired reading strategy is an educational approach where students are paired together to read and discuss a text or topic. This strategy encourages collaboration, discussion, and the exchange of ideas between students.

Primary concepts on the one hand, illustrative details on the other.

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The correct term for "primary concepts on the one hand, illustrative details on the other" is "2 column charts."

In this context, "primary concepts on the one hand, illustrative details on the other" suggests a format where primary concepts or main ideas are presented in one column, while illustrative details or supporting information are presented in another column. This format allows for clear organization and comparison between the main concepts and their supporting details.

Introduced as irrelevant information to divert attention away from relevant issues.

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The correct term for introducing irrelevant information to divert attention away from relevant issues is the "Red herring fallacy."

The red herring fallacy occurs when someone introduces irrelevant information or an unrelated topic into an argument to distract or divert attention away from the main issue being discussed. The term "red herring" originates from the practice of using a strong-smelling fish to throw off hunting dogs from following a scent.

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