FREE MPH Master of Public Health: Public Health & U.S. Health Care Questions and Answers


Which of the ensuing claims regarding the medical industry is TRUE?

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The true statement about the field of medicine in relation to biological and genetic determinants of health is:

"The field of medicine recognizes and emphasizes the importance of biological and genetic determinants of health."
Medicine acknowledges that biological and genetic factors play a crucial role in determining an individual's health. These factors can include genetic predispositions to certain diseases, inherited conditions, physiological processes, and responses to treatment. Medical professionals consider these factors when diagnosing, treating, and managing health conditions. They integrate knowledge of genetics, anatomy, physiology, and other biological sciences into their practice to understand the underlying mechanisms of diseases and develop appropriate interventions.

Which of the following best describes a behavioral health determinant?

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Diet refers to the types of food and beverages that a person consumes regularly. It is considered a behavioral determinant of health because individuals have control over their dietary choices and behaviors related to food consumption. Diet plays a significant role in overall health and can impact the risk of developing various chronic diseases, such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Making healthy dietary choices, such as consuming a balanced and nutritious diet, can promote good health and prevent the onset of diet-related diseases.

Which of the following organizations is not for profit? CDC and American Cancer Society are listed first and second, respectively (CDC) National Institutes of Health, third (NIH)

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The American Cancer Society is a non-profit organization. It is dedicated to fighting cancer, providing support to patients and their families, and funding cancer research. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are government agencies and not non-profit organizations.

Which kind of disease prevention approach is exemplified by state-wide smoking bans?

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Statewide smoking bans are an example of a healthy policy disease prevention strategy.

Healthy policy strategies involve implementing policies, regulations, or laws that aim to promote health, prevent diseases, and create supportive environments for healthy behaviors. Statewide smoking bans restrict or prohibit smoking in public places such as restaurants, bars, workplaces, and other shared spaces. These bans are implemented to reduce exposure to secondhand smoke, protect non-smokers from the harmful effects of smoking, and create smoke-free environments that encourage individuals to quit smoking or discourage them from starting.

Which of the following groups is more active in the detection and monitoring of foodborne illness?

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is most involved in identifying and tracking foodborne illnesses. The CDC is a prominent national public health agency in the United States, responsible for monitoring and investigating disease outbreaks, including those related to foodborne illnesses. The CDC collaborates with state and local health departments, healthcare providers, and other stakeholders to identify and investigate cases of foodborne illnesses, determine the causes and sources of outbreaks, and implement control measures to prevent further spread of the illnesses. Their surveillance systems and expertise in epidemiology play a crucial role in tracking and understanding foodborne illnesses, helping to protect public health and prevent future outbreaks.

According to studies, residents of high-crime areas typically experience worse health results than those of low-crime areas. This shows that local crime affects health in a negative way. What type of health factor does local crime represent?

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Neighborhood crime is considered a social determinant of health. Social determinants of health are the social and economic conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. These determinants have a significant impact on health outcomes and health disparities in populations. Neighborhood crime can affect health through various mechanisms, such as increased stress levels, limited access to safe outdoor spaces for physical activity, reduced social cohesion, and limited access to healthcare services. Living in a neighborhood with high rates of crime can lead to poorer health outcomes and contribute to health inequities among residents. Therefore, neighborhood crime is considered a social determinant of health.

The ____ is at the forefront of medical research and is made up of 27 different institutions and centers.

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The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is composed of 27 separate institutes and centers and is at the forefront of medical research. The NIH is a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary federal agency responsible for conducting and supporting medical research. It encompasses various institutes and centers dedicated to specific areas of research, such as the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), and National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), among others. The NIH funds and conducts a wide range of biomedical research studies, clinical trials, and scientific investigations to advance knowledge in various fields of medicine, improve public health, and develop new treatments and interventions. Its research findings and resources contribute significantly to advancements in healthcare and medical science globally.

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