FREE Master of Occupational Therapy Questions and Answers

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Causes of severe acute respiratory syndrome include:

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The coronavirus responsible for the SARS outbreak in 2002-2003 was identified as the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). It is a member of the coronavirus family, which is a group of viruses known to cause respiratory illnesses in humans and animals.

All of the following are among the rehabilitation procedures performed on cerebral palsy patients, with the exception of -

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Laminectomies are surgical procedures typically performed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves in the spine. They are not specific to cerebral palsy and are more commonly associated with conditions like spinal stenosis, disc herniation, or tumors affecting the spine.

The quickest method to resynthesize ATP while exercising is -

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Phosphocreatine is a high-energy compound stored in muscle cells. When energy demand increases during exercise, PCr donates a phosphate group to ADP (adenosine diphosphate), resulting in the rapid formation of ATP. This process is catalyzed by the enzyme creatine kinase. The breakdown of phosphocreatine and the resynthesis of ATP occur without the need for oxygen (anaerobic), making it the primary energy system during short and intense activities like sprinting, weightlifting, or jumping.

Which of the following back muscles does not belong to the superficial group?

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Subscapularis, on the other hand, is not part of the superficial group of back muscles. It is a muscle located on the anterior (front) aspect of the shoulder blade (scapula) and is considered one of the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff. Subscapularis is responsible for medial (internal) rotation of the arm at the shoulder joint.

Which of the subsequent tasks is not a preparation one?

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The task "Sorting towels on linen cart" is not a preparatory task.
The other three tasks mentioned:
Strength training with the resistance bands.
Opening and closing various sized jars.
Use of physical agent modalities.
All involve activities that can be considered preparatory tasks. Preparatory tasks are activities or exercises that help prepare the body for more functional or therapeutic activities. They may involve exercises to improve strength, flexibility, coordination, or dexterity before engaging in specific functional tasks or therapeutic interventions.

The brain's Brodmann's region No. 4 stands for -

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Brodmann's areas are regions of the cerebral cortex defined based on their distinct cellular organization and function. Area 4, also known as Brodmann area 4 or BA4, is located in the frontal lobe of the brain. It is specifically referred to as the Primary Motor Cortex. The Primary Motor Cortex plays a vital role in voluntary motor control and movement execution. It is responsible for generating neural impulses that control the contraction of muscles throughout the body, enabling purposeful and coordinated movements.

During apoptosis

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Apoptosis is a highly regulated process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms. It is a normal physiological process involved in maintaining tissue homeostasis, development, and eliminating damaged or unwanted cells. During apoptosis, the cell undergoes a series of controlled changes that lead to its self-destruction. These changes include cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation, and the formation of apoptotic bodies. Importantly, the cellular content, including organelles and cellular components, remains intact within these apoptotic bodies.

All are included in the Dietz stages of cancer rehabilitation, excluding:

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The option "Compensatory rehabilitation Boat" is not a recognized stage in the Dietz model of cancer rehabilitation.

Which of the following statements about Gower's sign is accurate?

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Gower's sign is a clinical finding observed in patients with proximal muscle weakness involving the pelvic girdle muscles. It is characterized by the patient assuming a four-point stance on their hands and knees and using their hands to "walk" up their legs to stand up from a lying or sitting position. This compensatory maneuver is seen in conditions such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, where weakness in the pelvic girdle muscles and other proximal muscles is prominent. Gower's sign is a distinctive feature of proximal muscle weakness and is used by clinicians to help diagnose and monitor certain neuromuscular disorders.

The following complications are anticipated in a hospitalized patient with severe burns:

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Hypovolemic shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there is a significant loss of blood or body fluids, leading to a decrease in the volume of circulating blood in the body. Severe burns can cause extensive tissue damage, resulting in the loss of fluids, electrolytes, and proteins from the damaged skin and underlying tissues.

Which of the following describes an occupation-based neurobehavioral evaluation with an ADL focus?

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The ADL (Activities of Daily Living) - focused Occupation-Based Neurobehavioral Evaluation is the "Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS)." The AMPS is an assessment tool used in occupational therapy to evaluate a person's ability to perform activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). It is an occupation-based evaluation that assesses both motor and process skills involved in daily activities. The AMPS evaluates a wide range of activities, including self-care tasks (e.g., dressing, bathing, eating), household management tasks (e.g., meal preparation, laundry), and community activities (e.g., shopping, transportation).

The objective of rehabilitation is

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Rehabilitation programs work to optimize the overall functioning and quality of life of individuals, promoting their ability to engage in meaningful activities, achieve personal goals, and maintain a sense of well-being. Rehabilitation may involve a multidisciplinary approach, including the collaboration of various healthcare professionals, therapists, and support systems, tailored to meet the specific needs of each individual.

Vitamins are produced. De novo by bodily metabolism is -

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Niacin, also known as Vitamin B3, can be synthesized in the body from the amino acid tryptophan. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that we obtain from our diet. Once ingested, tryptophan can be converted into niacin through metabolic pathways in the body. However, the conversion of tryptophan to niacin is not highly efficient, and the amount of niacin produced in this way may not be sufficient to meet the body's requirements.

The science of society, human social behavior, social relationship patterns, social interaction, and elements of everyday culture is:

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Sociology is the study of human society and social behavior. It explores various aspects of social life, including social structures, institutions, norms, values, social changes, and interactions among individuals and groups. Sociologists examine how societies are organized, how they function, and how individuals and groups interact within them.

Which stage of recovery from a sports injury is functional integration?

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Phase three, also known as the functional integration phase, typically occurs after the initial acute treatment and the early stages of rehabilitation. During this phase, the athlete progresses from basic exercises and strength training to more sport-specific activities and movements.

Which of the following best describes the term "locomotor disability"?

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Locomotor disability refers to a physical impairment that affects a person's ability to move or perform physical activities independently. It can be caused by various conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system (bones, muscles, joints) or the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, nerves). Examples of locomotor disabilities include paralysis, amputation, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, and spinal cord injuries, among others.

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