FREE Master of Occupational Therapy MCQ Questions and Answers

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Two vertebral bodies, a disc, facet joints, and ligaments make up the smallest functional spinal unit at each level of the spine, with the exception of -

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C1-C2 refers to the first and second cervical vertebrae, which are also known as the atlas (C1) and axis (C2). The C1-C2 joint is unique and has specialized structures that allow for the head's rotational movements, such as shaking the head side to side.

Which of the following does "Maslow's self actualization theory" not consider to be a characteristic of "optimal people"?

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The notion of "accepts conformity to the culture" contradicts the idea of self-actualization, as self-actualized individuals are more likely to be authentic to their own values and beliefs rather than conforming to societal norms just for the sake of acceptance. Self-actualization emphasizes personal growth and individuality rather than conformity to external expectations.

Which of the following statements about neuropraxia is accurate?

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Neuropraxia is a type of nerve injury that involves temporary disruption or blockage of nerve conduction without significant damage to the nerve's structural integrity. It is considered the mildest form of nerve injury. In neuropraxia, the nerve's axon (the long projection of the nerve cell responsible for transmitting electrical impulses) is physically disrupted, but the connective tissue structures surrounding the nerve, such as the endoneurium and perineurium, remain intact. This means that the nerve's protective sheaths are preserved, and the nerve can eventually recover and resume its normal function.

At the age of -, the Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (ATNR) vanishes.

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Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (ATNR) typically disappears at the age of 4 months. ATNR is a primitive reflex that is present in newborns and infants. It is elicited when the baby's head is turned to one side, causing the arm and leg on that side to extend while the arm and leg on the opposite side flex. This reflex is believed to play a role in the development of muscle tone and coordination in infants.

Which of the following better represents cardiovascular and respiratory fitness?

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The best indicator of cardiopulmonary fitness among the options provided is "Maximum oxygen capacity" (also known as VO2max). VO2max is a measure of the maximum amount of oxygen that an individual can utilize during intense exercise. It is considered the gold standard for assessing cardiorespiratory fitness and is an excellent indicator of an individual's aerobic endurance and overall cardiovascular health.

Thermometer sterilization is best accomplished using:

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Alcohol is commonly used to disinfect and sterilize thermometers in healthcare settings and laboratories. It is a quick and effective method for reducing or eliminating microorganisms on the surface of the thermometer.

The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) includes:

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The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) consists of 18 activities. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is a widely used assessment tool in rehabilitation settings. It is used to measure a patient's level of disability and functional independence in activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs).

What is affected by dyslexia

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Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that primarily impacts reading, spelling, and writing skills. It is characterized by difficulties in word recognition, decoding, and accurate and fluent reading. People with dyslexia may have trouble understanding the relationship between sounds and letters, which can make it challenging for them to read and write effectively.

Which of the following does the Tibialis Anterior not perform?

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Tibialis Anterior is involved in dorsiflexion and inversion of the foot and helps with maintaining stability during walking on uneven ground. While it assists in foot mechanics, it is not responsible for directly maintaining the lateral longitudinal arch of the foot.

Social issues affecting the disabled

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These social problems reflect the need for greater awareness, inclusivity, and advocacy to address the rights and well-being of disabled individuals and create a more inclusive and equitable society for everyone. Efforts to combat discrimination, improve data collection, and enhance the implementation of policies and programs can help create a more accessible and supportive environment for individuals with disabilities.

Sensory processing issues are common in people with autism spectrum disorder.

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The prevalence of sensory processing problems in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is approximately 80-90%. Sensory processing problems are common in individuals with ASD. These problems refer to difficulties in processing and responding to sensory information from the environment, such as sound, touch, taste, smell, and visual stimuli. Many individuals with ASD may be over-responsive or under-responsive to sensory input, leading to sensory sensitivities or seeking behaviors.

the syndrome of autosomal recessive family cancer is

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Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by progressive neurodegeneration, immune system deficiencies, and an increased risk of cancer. The condition is caused by mutations in the ATM gene, which is involved in repairing damaged DNA and maintaining the stability of the genome.

Hand-knee gait is frequently caused by:

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Hand knee gait is a type of gait pattern used by individuals with lower limb weakness or difficulty in weight-bearing on one or both legs. In this gait pattern, the person uses their hands and knees to support their weight and move forward, resembling a crawling motion.

Rankin Scale Modified Level 2 Devotees -

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The Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) is a commonly used scale in medical assessments to measure the degree of disability or dependence in individuals who have experienced a stroke or other neurological conditions. It is a tool to evaluate a patient's functional status and level of independence in daily activities.

The robotic equipment used for upper limb rehabilitation is which of the following?

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Both the ARMin robot and the MIT-MANUS are examples of robotic devices that are part of the growing field of rehabilitation robotics. These devices offer repetitive and task-specific training, allowing patients to engage in intensive therapy to enhance their motor function and promote neural recovery. The use of robotic devices in rehabilitation can complement traditional therapy and provide a more targeted and intensive approach to help patients regain function and independence in their daily activities.

Special sensory cranial nerve components are not connected to:

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The special sensory components of cranial nerves are associated with the Olfactory nerve, Optic nerve, and Vestibulocochlear nerve, but not with the Vagus nerve.

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