FREE Master of Fine Arts (MFA) Questions and Answers

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An artwork's central concept is referred to as the

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The main idea of an artwork is indeed called the "theme." The theme of an artwork refers to the underlying concept or message that the artist intends to convey through their work. It represents the central idea or subject matter that unifies and gives significance to the various elements and visual components of the artwork. The theme can be explicit and easily identifiable, or it can be more abstract and open to interpretation, allowing viewers to engage with the artwork on multiple levels. The theme often reflects the artist's intentions, emotions, beliefs, or commentary on a particular topic or aspect of the human experience. It provides a framework for understanding and interpreting the artwork and can evoke different thoughts, emotions, or reflections in the viewers.

Who of the following artists created the 1889 work Starry Night?

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The artist who painted the famous painting named "Starry Night" in 1889 is Vincent van Gogh. "Starry Night" is one of the most recognizable and iconic artworks in the world, created by the Dutch post-impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh during his stay at the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole asylum in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France. The painting depicts a nocturnal landscape with swirling, vibrant brushstrokes and a dramatic, dream-like portrayal of the night sky. It has become synonymous with Van Gogh's unique style and his ability to convey emotion and imagination through his use of color and texture.

Art that emphasizes the subject's shape above its outward appearance. The topic is divided into elements, such as line, form, etc., which may or may not resemble the subject itself.

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The description you provided aligns with the artistic style known as "abstract." Abstract art focuses on the formal elements of art, such as line, shape, color, texture, and composition, rather than attempting to represent the subject matter in a realistic or literal way. In abstract art, the subject is often broken down or simplified, and the emphasis is placed on conveying emotions, ideas, or concepts through non-representational or non-objective means. Abstract art can be characterized by its use of geometric shapes, expressive brushstrokes, bold colors, and experimentation with various materials and techniques. It allows for a subjective and individual interpretation by the viewer, as it invites them to engage with the artwork on a more visceral or emotional level rather than focusing on the recognition of specific objects or figures.

The image you see when viewing an artwork is referred to as the:

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When you look at an artwork, what you see is generally referred to as the "subject" of the artwork. The subject of an artwork is the central theme or focus that the artist is trying to convey or represent. It can include objects, figures, landscapes, abstract forms, or any other visual elements that are depicted in the artwork. The subject is what catches the viewer's attention and provides the main visual content or message of the artwork. It is important to note that the interpretation and understanding of the subject can vary from person to person, as individuals bring their own perspectives, experiences, and emotions when engaging with an artwork.

Artworks that accurately portray a subject without using stylization or idealization.

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artworks that depict a subject as it actually appears true to life, without stylization or idealization, are often referred to as "realistic." Realism is an artistic style that emerged in the mid-19th century as a reaction against the idealized and romanticized depictions prevalent in earlier art movements. Realistic artworks aim to represent the subject matter with a high level of accuracy and attention to detail, capturing the physical appearance and characteristics of the subject as closely as possible. This style often emphasizes the portrayal of everyday life, ordinary people, and ordinary objects in a straightforward and unembellished manner. Realistic art can be found across various mediums, including painting, sculpture, and photography, and it continues to be practiced and appreciated by artists today.

Who is the renowned Spanish surrealist who created "The Persistence of Memory"?

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"The Persistence of Memory" is a famous painting created by the Spanish surrealist artist Salvador Dalí. It was completed in 1931 and has become one of Dalí's most recognizable and iconic works. The painting features a dreamlike landscape with melting clocks draped over various objects, including a tree branch and a distorted face. The imagery in the painting is often interpreted as a representation of the fluidity of time and the subconscious mind. Dalí's unique and imaginative style, characterized by precise detail, juxtaposition of unrelated elements, and a sense of unease or disorientation, made him one of the most influential figures in the surrealist movement.

An object's relative brightness or darkness is:

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The relative lightness or darkness of an object is referred to as "value" in art. Value is one of the fundamental elements of art and is essential in creating contrast, form, and depth in a composition. It is the degree of lightness or darkness of a color or tone and is often depicted on a grayscale ranging from pure white (the lightest value) to pure black (the darkest value). By manipulating the values of different colors or tones, artists can create a sense of volume, three-dimensionality, and atmospheric perspective in their artwork. Value plays a crucial role in creating visual interest, defining shapes and forms, and establishing the overall mood or tone of a piece.

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