FREE Master of Fine Arts (MFA) MCQ Questions and Answers

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What era of art saw the emergence of abstract interest?

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"Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Western Railway," a piece by J.M.W. Turner, aimed to

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J.M.W. Turner's work, "Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway," sought to capture the feeling of modern technology. Painted in 1844, it depicts a steam locomotive racing across a bridge in a rainy and misty atmosphere. Turner was known for his innovative approach to landscape painting and his ability to convey atmospheric effects and the power of nature. In this particular artwork, he embraced the advancements of the industrial age and sought to capture the speed, energy, and dynamism of the steam-powered railway as it cuts through the natural landscape. By portraying the merging of technology and nature, Turner's work reflects the spirit of progress and the impact of modernization on the world during that time.

Who developed the use of the arch in construction and invented concrete?

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The Ancient Romans are credited with the creation of concrete and perfecting the use of the arch in building construction. The Romans developed a form of concrete known as Roman concrete, which was made by mixing lime, volcanic ash, and aggregate. This concrete was widely used in Roman architecture and played a crucial role in the construction of various structures, including aqueducts, bridges, amphitheaters, and monumental buildings like the Colosseum and the Pantheon. The Romans also extensively employed the arch in their architectural designs, harnessing its structural strength and versatility. The use of the arch allowed the Romans to create large and durable structures with greater stability and architectural possibilities. Their advancements in concrete and the arch significantly influenced subsequent architectural practices and continue to be admired and studied today.

"Liberty Leading the People," a painting by Eugene Delacroix, was a social critique of slavery.

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"Liberty Leading the People" by Eugène Delacroix is not a social commentary on slavery. The painting, created in 1830, is a significant work of art that depicts the July Revolution of that year in France, specifically the uprising of the people of Paris against the Bourbon monarchy. The central figure in the painting is an allegorical representation of Liberty, leading a diverse group of revolutionaries who are fighting for freedom and justice. It is a powerful image symbolizing the spirit of revolution and the pursuit of liberty. While the painting addresses political and societal themes, it is not directly related to the issue of slavery.

What are the two primary abstraction streams?

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The two main streams of abstraction in art are geometric abstraction and organic abstraction.

Geometric Abstraction: Geometric abstraction
Organic Abstraction

What are the elements of Design?

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Here are some illustrations of some of the Design Principles.

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Contrast and emphasis are indeed examples of the Principles of Design. The Principles of Design are guidelines or concepts that artists and designers use to organize and arrange the elements of design (such as line, shape, color, etc.) within a composition.

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