FREE Master of Humanities Language and Linguistics Questions and Answers

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refers to the linguistic standard unique to a region, social class, or status that affects mutual understanding

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A dialect is a specialized version of a language that is unique to a certain region, socioeconomic class, or community.
Language dialects, which can be different from the standard or prestige version of the language used in more formal or official contexts, are regional or social variations of the language.

Top-most has a /p/ that is a

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As in "boys," the -s is

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There is no such thing as an adjective producing morpheme in linguistics.
Adjectives are a different class of words that alter or characterize nouns; they are not created by combining a particular morpheme.

t, d, n, l, and s are

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Alveolar consonant sounds include /t/, /d/, /n/, /l/, and /s/. A collection of speech sounds known as alveolar consonants are produced by pressing the tongue against or close to the alveolar ridge, a bony ridge that sits directly below the upper front teeth.

Examples of first sounds are "chair" and "jam."

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American philosopher, logician, and physicist Charles Sanders Peirce (commonly written "Peirce") made fundamental contributions to the study of semiotics. Along with Ferdinand de Saussure, he is regarded as one of the semiotics' pioneers.

How many different phonetic transcription styles are typically used?

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The International Phonetic Alphabet is the standard phonetic transcription scheme in linguistics (IPA).
IPA symbols represent all language sounds.
Consonants, vowels, diphthongs, and suprasegmental elements like stress and tone are covered.

Semiotics is a term that was first used by

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American philosopher, logician, and physicist Charles Sanders Peirce (commonly written "Peirce") made fundamental contributions to the study of semiotics. Along with Ferdinand de Saussure, he is regarded as one of the semiotics' pioneers.

In the words "sudden" and "mutton," the final /n/ is

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In the words "sudden" and "mutton," the final /n/ is a syllabic consonant that serves as the syllable's structural core in the absence of a vowel sound.

What is the name of the study of meaning?

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The study of meaning in language is known as semantics.
It focuses on how speakers and listeners perceive and comprehend meaning in words, phrases, sentences, and texts.
The relationships between words and their meanings, as well as the manner in which words are put together to create meaningful utterances, are the subjects of semantics.

The book ——— contains the transformational generative grammar theory.

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Noam Chomsky put out the notion of Transformational Generative Grammar in two of his significant works:

Are referred to as secondary phonemes.

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Suprasegmentals alter speech prosody beyond specific phonemes. Spoken language includes intonation, stress, rhythm, and timing.
Suprasegmental features affect phrases, sentences, and even discourses, unlike segmental features, which affect individual words.

The sounds produced when the lower lip is pressed up against the upper teeth are known as——

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Labio-dental sounds are those produced when the lower lip is pressed up against the upper teeth.
During the articulation of these sounds, the lower lip makes contact with the upper teeth.

Is a word-formation process in which two or more existing words are just put together.

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In the linguistics process of compounding, two or more existing words are combined to make a new word.
As a result, a new lexical unit with a distinct meaning is created while the individual words retain their meaning.

An example of ———— is when two sounds interact with one another and combine to create a third sound. assimilation

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Which of these is a good example of a portmanteau?

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A portmanteau is a linguistic word-formation process in which components of two or more words are joined to produce a brand-new word with a merged meaning.
The original words' sounds and meanings are frequently combined to create a new word.
It is a type of wordplay that is now widely used in English.

A speaker is capable of creating an infinite number of grammatical statements using a finite set of rules. This characteristic of language is known as

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