FREE Master of Humanities History of Ideas Questions and Answers

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Aztecs

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The Mesoamerican Mayans were experts in astronomy and mathematics.
They created a precise calendar system with numerous interconnected calendars.
They managed agricultural water resources efficiently with modern irrigation systems.

The Nature of Things, one

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is a poem that Lucretius, a Roman poet and philosopher, wrote in the first century BCE. "De Rerum Natura," the poem's Latin title, is another name for it.
The Greek philosopher Epicurus developed the philosophical school known as Epicureanism, which is explained by Lucretius in this work.

Across the twelve tables

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The "Twelve Tables" were a codification of Roman law (Latin: Duodecim Tabulae).
Around 451-450 BCE, a series of regulations known as the Twelve Tables were engraved on bronze tablets and displayed in the Roman Forum.
They represented one of the Roman Republic's earliest attempts to develop a formal legal system and a written code of laws.

Highlights the use of science to highlight facts regarding the physical world.

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Realism is a literary, philosophical, and aesthetic approach that depicts the physical world accurately.
In the statement, realism values the objective and empirical study of nature and reality through the sciences.
Realists focus on details and daily life.

Upon realizing that the Vulgate was erroneous, he quickly started translating the Greek into Latin using manuscripts he was handed by Thomas More and located in monasteries.
His objective was to translate both Testaments faithfully so that they may be translated broadly.

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Dutch Renaissance humanist and scholar Desiderius Erasmus wanted to accurately translate the New and Old Testaments into Latin.
He discovered that the Catholic Church's Latin Vulgate Bible translation was inaccurate and deviated from the original Greek passages.
Erasmus began a new and improved Latin Bible translation to solve this.

Charlemagne, the pope

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The "Twelve Tables" were a codification of Roman law (Latin: Duodecim Tabulae). Around 451-450 BCE, a series of regulations known as the Twelve Tables were engraved on bronze tablets and displayed in the Roman Forum.
They represented one of the Roman Republic's earliest attempts to develop a formal legal system and a written code of laws.

Golden: knowledge
Silver: bravery
Brass: moderation

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The three categories of souls according to Plato The three basic facets or components of the human mind are described in Plato's Republic as a tripartite theory of the soul.

Half of Europe was decimated by a pandemic in the middle of the fourteenth century.

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The Bubonic Plague, often known as the Black Death, was a deadly pandemic that ravaged Europe between the years of 1347 and 1351. One of the most deadly pandemics in recorded human history, it.
It is thought that the illness started in Central Asia and traveled to Europe via trade routes, especially aboard merchant ships that were contaminated with disease-carrying fleas.

Uses the study of the humanities to communicate thoughts and ideas as well as the mind.

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Idealism is a philosophical concept that emphasizes the significance of ideas, thoughts, and the mind in understanding reality and the world.
It is shaped by humanities studies, such as literature, philosophy, art, and history, which explore the complexities of human experiences and beliefs.
Idealism contrasts with materialism and empirical observations as the primary source of knowledge.

Theology

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Theology was the "queen of sciences" in the Middle Ages. "Theos" (God) and "logos" (word) form "theology" (word or study).
It is the systematic study of God, religion, and divinity.
Theology was the noblest intellectual field in the Middle Ages, especially in Christian Europe.

Relativist

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Heraclitus is regarded as a relativist because of his belief in the idea of universal flux, or perpetual change. Heraclitus was a Greek philosopher from antiquity.
"No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it's not the same river, and he's not the same man," he famously said.
He holds that everything is always changing and that there are no unalterable facts, which is reflected in this philosophy.

II Lorenzo

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"The Prince" remains an essential work in the field of political theory and continues to spark debates on the ethical dimensions of political leadership.

"Brahmans (priests) (priests)
Barons (warriors) (warriors)
Commoners (merchants) (merchants)
Sudras (artisans and laborers) (artisans and laborers)
"

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The caste system is described by the terms "Brahmans (priests), Barons (warriors), Commoners (merchants), and Sudras (artisans and laborers). A common kind of social stratification, particularly in ancient India, was the caste system.
Based on hereditary professions and social roles, it divides people into various social groupings or castes.

Stamping Mold: This tool was used to precisely cast type in big quantities.
He created an alloy by mixing lead, tin, and antimony. This alloy was used to cast the letters.
The printing press: He created the modern printing press.
His ink could be tinted because it is oil-based.

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Johann Gutenberg, a German printer and inventor, is credited with developing and popularizing movable-type printing in Europe during the 15th century.
He created four different inventions.

Law and construction

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Construction of spectacular constructions like aqueducts, highways, bridges, and massive buildings made the ancient Romans famous for their innovative engineering and architectural exploits.
They were also renowned for their adept management and planning abilities, which enabled them to rule a sizable empire.

Extremely logical

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"Supremely rational" is mainly linked with the medieval worldview's God.
God was the source of reason and knowledge in medieval theology and philosophy. Medieval theologians and philosophers like Thomas Aquinas sought to reconcile religion and reason and promoted logical investigation into God's nature.

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