FREE CIC Safety Questions and Answers

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The nurse and the patient are talking about Rocky Mountain spotted fever, or Rickettsia rickettsii. Which of the patient's statements to the nurse demonstrates knowledge of the disease's route of transmission?

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A group of preschool employees is attending an instructional session led by the nurse. The group is reminded by the nurse of the most crucial action to do in order to stop the infection from spreading. Which details did the nurse give the preschool staff?

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How many air exchanges per hour should a room with allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients have?

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Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients must to be kept in rooms with a minimum of 12 air exchanges per hour or point-of-service HEPA filtration with a 99.97% efficiency level that can eliminate particles with a size of at least 3 mcm. Although periodic environmental sampling is not necessary, air quality should be monitored since patients are particularly vulnerable to Aspergillus-related diseases. It is imperative to maintain aseptic technique and provide visitors with instruction on hand hygiene and basic precautions.

A German Shepherd that serves as a service animal for a crippled patient demands to be allowed to remain in the hospital room in order to help the patient. In conjunction with risk management, the appropriate response is to:

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The right course of action, in coordination with risk management, is to make accommodations for a disabled patient's service animal if they insist on having it stay in their hospital room to help them. This is because the law permits service animals in public spaces, including hospitals. Medical professionals shouldn't come into close touch with the animal; if the patient is unable to take care of the animal's dietary, hydration, or elimination needs, someone who can help with these tasks needs to be found.

A cleanser similar to an iodophor can be used to disinfect surfaces. What classification is this?

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Although they are not suitable for sterilization, iodophor-type cleansers can be beneficial as surface disinfectants. It is advised to pre-clean units in order to lower the operatory's bioburden levels. Although this step is frequently skipped in an attempt to save time, it is crucial for office infection control procedures.

The most efficient way to manage hospital-acquired infections is as follows:

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The most efficient way to manage infections acquired in hospitals is to adhere to the recommendations for handwashing with soap (either antimicrobial or non-antimicrobial) and using hand rubs that are based on water or alcohol. This entails cleaning hands both before and after interacting with patients, doing so correctly, and reminding patients and guests of the need of handwashing. Patients ought to be urged to remind medical staff—including doctors—to wash their hands before handling or tending to their patients. Hands that are obviously filthy ought to be cleaned with soap and water at all times.

What should the employer do for the exposed employee when they receive a report of an exposure occurrence at the dentist office?

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The bloodborne pathogens requirement states that an employer must send a qualified physician to do a private medical evaluation and follow-up for an exposed employee after receiving a report of an exposure incidence at a dental clinic. This involves giving the exposed person blood tests to find out if they have HIV or hepatitis B. It is necessary to record the exposure route as well as the conditions surrounding the exposure incidence.

The longest period of infusion that a parenteral lipid bag can run is as follows due to the higher risk of infection associated with parenteral nutrition:

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Lipid emulsions, being alkaline and isosmotic, are the most susceptible to bacterial or fungal contamination, so the maximum infusion period for a parenteral lipid bag to run is 12 hours due to the elevated risk of infection associated with parenteral feeding. Solutions of amino acids and dextrose, whether lipid-free or not, should be infused for no more than 24 hours. Compared to lipid emulsions or complete nutrient admixtures, amino acid/dextrose solutions are more likely to foster fungal growth than bacterial development.

The following are all instances of mechanical instrument cleaning, with the exception of:

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When cleaning contaminated equipment mechanically, contact of some kind with the surface being scrubbed clean is implied. Holding solutions, often known as glutaraldehyde (""cold sterile"") solutions, function without making direct or abrasive contact with the surface. The only appropriate kind of apparatus for hand cleaning is a long-handled brush; nonetheless, because of the possibility of puncture injuries, this is the least preferred approach.

A patient with pneumonia is being cared for by the nurse during orientation, along with a new nurse. Which of the new nurse's statements best demonstrates that she understands this condition?

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The most common reason why mastitis occurs in nursing mothers is:

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The most common cause of mastitis in nursing mothers is Staphylococcus aureus colonization in the newborn. Within a few days of delivery, about 50% of neonates acquire a Staphylococcus aureus colonization; these percentages rise with longer hospital stays or NICU placements. Although mother transmission can colonize the child, other mechanisms of transmission are usually involved. The infant carries the infection into the breast during breastfeeding, which can lead to mastitis.

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