FREE CIC Prevention Practices Questions and Answers

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Since the gloves protect your hands, there's no need to wash them after taking them off.

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Since the gloves do not protect your hands, you do not need to wash them after taking them off. Gloves can get contaminated while being used, and taking them off without washing your hands can spread any germs or pollutants to your hands. Thus, in order to maintain good hygiene and stop the spread of germs, it's crucial to wash your hands completely after taking off your gloves.

The most typical ways that infections are disseminated are:

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Because human hands come into contact with a variety of surfaces and are a convenient means of transmitting germs from one person to another, they are the most prevalent mechanism of spreading illness. Without realizing it, people frequently touch their mouths, noses, eyes, and faces, which gives infections an easy way to enter the body. Furthermore, improper hand hygiene practices—such as not constantly using hand sanitizers or washing hands with soap and water—increase the risk of infection transferred through human hands.

Which of the following describes a patient's increased risk of contracting a nosocomial infection?

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Age, nutritional status, close proximity to other patients, and low levels of stress are all factors that can raise a patient's risk of contracting a nosocomial infection. People who are older may have weakened immune systems and are therefore more prone to infections. The immune system can be weakened by inadequate nourishment, which makes it more difficult for the body to fight against illnesses. Living close to other patients might also impair immunity, increasing susceptibility to illnesses. Inadequate stress reduction practices might erode immunity even further, raising the chance of contracting illnesses. As a result, any of these elements may increase a patient's risk of contracting a nosocomial infection.

When an organism is known to cause an illness, it's called a:

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A pathogen is a microbe that has been shown to cause disease. Pathogens have the ability to infect or sicken their hosts.

Needlestick injuries are a common way for healthcare personnel to get Hepatitis B.

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Healthcare professionals are more likely to get Hepatitis B because of the nature of their work, which frequently exposes them to bodily fluids like blood. In order to reduce the risk of contracting Hepatitis B and other bloodborne diseases, healthcare workers must adhere to strict safety protocols, such as using needle safety devices and practicing proper infection control measures. Needle-stick injuries, which occur when a healthcare worker accidentally punctures their skin with a contaminated needle, are a common mode of transmission for Hepatitis B.

An animal or insect that spreads disease is referred to as:

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An insect or mammal that has the ability to transfer a disease-causing organism from one host to another is called a vector. This can include, among other things, flies, ticks, and mosquitoes. By biting or using other techniques, these vectors can transfer infections, such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, into a new host. Vectors contribute significantly to the spread of numerous illnesses, including Lyme disease, dengue fever, and malaria, by dispersing these viruses.

The fecal-oral route is the means by which hepatitis A is spread.

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The fecal-oral channel is the method by which hepatitis A is spread, meaning that an infected person's feces can transfer the virus to another person's mouth.

Regarding biofilms, which are frequently seen in dental unit waterlines, which of the following statements is true?

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When a dental unit is stagnant, bacteria and other microorganisms known as biofilms can form in the waterlines. These biofilms can be dangerous. Dental offices are mandated to maintain biofilm levels at less than 500 colony forming units (i.e., the unit of measurement used for this type of biofilm) in order to prevent infections. Biofilms can still be harmful and infectious even at these concentrations, especially in people with weakened immune systems. Because dental healthcare professionals often have good immune systems and are not exposed to biofilms, there is little chance of a serious infection or sickness.

Which of the following describes a patient who has a known infection at the time of admission to a hospital?

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A patient is said to have a community-acquired infection if they are admitted to the hospital already infected. Before a patient is admitted to the hospital, infections that they get at home or in the community outside of a medical facility are referred to by this phrase. It's critical to distinguish between nosocomial infections—acquired when a patient is in a hospital or other healthcare facility—and iatrogenic infections—infections brought on by medical procedures or treatments. In this context, the word "idiopathic infection" refers to an infection with an unknown origin, which is not relevant.

Which kinds of goods aren't meant to be used with latex gloves because they can cause the latex to break down and make the product less effective?

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When used in conjunction with latex products, petroleum-based products are not advised for use in dentistry because they may cause the latex product to degrade, decreasing its effectiveness and raising the risk of cross-contamination.

Which of the following components is required for the spread of an infection?

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It takes all three of the aforementioned components to spread an infection, hence the right response is "all of the above." The pathogen, or bacterium, that causes the infection—such as bacteria or viruses—is referred to as the infectious agent. The source or habitat—such as people, animals, or the environment—where the infectious agent resides and spreads is known as the reservoir. The infectious agent can spread from a reservoir to a susceptible host by a variety of routes, including direct contact, airborne droplets, infected objects, and vectors like mosquitoes. This last category is known as the mechanism of transmission. Thus, for an infection to spread, all three components are required.

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