FREE CGRN Trivia Questions and Answers

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Docusate sodium is prescribed to an older patient. The drug's therapeutic effect is felt by the patient if they are going through any of the following:

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A stool softener called docusate sodium prevents water from being absorbed, enabling regular bowel movements. The alternate choices are incorrect.

A patient complains of fever, flatulence, left lower quadrant stomach discomfort that worsens with coughing and straining, and feverish symptoms. Also mentioned are changes in bowel habits. Upon physical examination, a palpable, sensitive rectal tumor is discovered. Intestinal mucosal inflammation and outpouchings are seen on a CT scan of the sigmoid colon. The most likely diagnosis for the patient is:

Correct! Wrong!

According to the results, the patient has diverticulitis, a disorder where the intestinal mucosa's outpouchings are inflamed. Most frequently, the sigmoid colon is impacted.

The dementia that Janis Long, an 88-year-old customer, is suffering from is advanced. The nurse chooses to attach a bed exit safety monitoring device to the patient on a particularly busy day. The advantages of this gadget are as follows, with the exception of:

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The client can move about without being constrained by a bed exit safety monitoring system. A bed exit safety monitoring system lowers the possibility of client falls and instantly alerts the medical staff if the client attempts to escape the bed. Additionally, it is a tool that can stop a case of nighttime roaming. The nurse should explain to the client and accompanying family members that this device does not restrict the client's movement. When the client requires help getting out of bed, the client should be told to telephone the nurse.

Two to four hours after eating, a 38-year-old lady complains of melena and a searing sensation in the middle of her stomach. Additionally, nighttime reports of abdominal discomfort exist. Consuming food typically reduces pain. The patient is being treated for:

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The patient is diagnosed with a duodenal ulcer based on the results. About 30 minutes after eating, symptoms of the "dumping syndrome" appear. Unaffected by meal consumption, gastric ulcer symptoms appear one to two hours after eating. Belching, heartburns, and a sour taste in the mouth are symptoms of chronic gastritis.

A patient with a lacunar cerebrovascular accident nine days ago is undergoing passive range-of-motion exercises. The nurse feels muscle stiffness in the afflicted extremity, the left arm. What does the nurse do after that?

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When a patient has muscular spasticity, the nurse will immediately halt the activity and gently pressure the spastic region until the patient's muscle relaxes. Range-of-motion exercises should be stopped if the client complains of discomfort, soreness, stiffness, rigidity, or any other unexpected symptoms. In such a circumstance, the doctor has to be notified. The optimum time to provide painkillers to a client is before an exercise to promote participation.

Anorexia, jaundice, hepatomegaly, ascites, and abdominal discomfort are all symptoms of the patient. Laennec's cirrhosis is identified as the condition. Which of the following statements about the patient's history is most likely true?

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Alcoholism causes Laennec's cirrhosis. Postnecrotic cirrhosis is brought on by a severe liver necrosis caused by hepatotoxins. Biliary cirrhosis is brought on by persistent biliary blockage. Cardiac cirrhosis is brought on by severe, right-sided congestive heart failure.

A patient with chronic sinusitis experiences inadequate ventilation as a result of the nasal airways being constrained or blocked. The nurse is aware that inadequate ventilation might result in inadequate nasal drainage. Which of the following comfort care procedures did the nurse NOT apply to this client?

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To prevent getting too little sleep at night, the nurse should rather discourage getting much of rest during the day. Chronic sinusitis patients frequently express weariness from a lack of sleep. Breathing problems, persistent headaches, and periorbital discomfort frequently interfere with sleep habits. Nasal stuffiness is worst in the morning. Better nasal drainage is encouraged by increasing oral fluid intake and humidity. Warm compresses applied to the sinuses would cause the sinuses to open up, reducing nasal congestion.

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