FREE CGAP Risk-Control Frameworks Questions and Answers

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Which of the following claims about the internal control documents by the auditor for the entity is true?

Correct! Wrong!

Auditors document their assessment of the level of control risk, which reflects their evaluation of the effectiveness of the entity's internal controls in preventing or detecting material misstatements. This documentation is essential to provide a clear record of their conclusions and to facilitate review by other team members, supervisors, and external parties.

The COSO Internal Control—Integrated Framework's monitoring section is important. Which of the following statements regarding how the business can implement the monitoring component is false?

Correct! Wrong!

While independent auditors play a role in evaluating the effectiveness of a company's internal controls, they are not a part of the company's control environment or continuous monitoring. The control environment is the overall tone set by management, and continuous monitoring involves ongoing assessments of the internal control system by the company itself. Auditors provide an external perspective and assess the controls after the company has established them. They do not serve as part of the entity's control environment or continuous monitoring.

All of the following are involved in control risk assessment when it is not high.

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Assessing control risk below high involves all of the following except "Concluding that controls are ineffective." When assessing control risk below high, it means the auditor believes that the controls in place are effective to some extent. The controls may have limitations or weaknesses, but they are still considered to have a reasonable chance of preventing or detecting material misstatements. Therefore, the auditor does not conclude that controls are entirely ineffective; rather, they assess that controls are effective enough to justify a lower level of control risk.

Which of the following is not one of internal control's five main pillars?

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Human resource background checks are related to personnel management and security measures but are not considered one of the fundamental components of internal control as defined by frameworks like COSO's Internal Control—Integrated Framework.

The main factor an auditor looks at when evaluating an entity's internal controls is whether they

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Internal controls are designed to prevent, detect, and correct material misstatements in financial statements. Therefore, an auditor's main focus is on understanding how the entity's internal controls relate to the financial statement assertions. These assertions include completeness, accuracy, existence, rights and obligations, and presentation and disclosure of the financial statement items. The effectiveness of internal controls is assessed based on their impact on these assertions and their ability to provide reasonable assurance about the accuracy and reliability of the financial statements.

Which of the following assertions regarding internal control is true?

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The cost-benefit relationship is a fundamental consideration when designing an internal control system. Internal controls should be designed in a way that the costs associated with implementing and maintaining the controls are reasonable in relation to the potential benefits and risks they address. It's essential to strike a balance between the costs of controls and the value they provide in terms of accurate financial reporting, efficient operations, and risk management. An internal control system that is overly expensive relative to the risks it mitigates might not be practical or effective.

The auditor must do all of the activities listed below with the exception of:

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Identifying all general IT controls is actually an important step in assessing control risk appropriately, especially in modern audit practices that involve information technology systems. General IT controls are overarching controls that impact the effectiveness of application controls. Proper identification of these controls is crucial for evaluating the overall control environment.

After learning about and documenting the entity's internal controls, which of the following indicates the proper order of audit steps?

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This sequence reflects the typical progression of audit procedures. After understanding and documenting the entity's internal control, the auditor assesses the level of control risk. Then, they perform testing of controls to determine if the controls are operating effectively. Based on the results of testing, the auditor may reassess the control risk level. Finally, the extent of substantive testing (such as substantive analytical procedures and tests of details) is determined based on the control risk assessment and the level of reliance on controls.

All of the following, with the exception of, are aimed to help the organization meet its goals through internal controls:

Correct! Wrong!

Internal controls are designed to achieve company objectives in various areas, including financial reporting, operations, compliance, and safeguarding of assets. However, they are not specifically designed to achieve "Reduction of debt financing costs." While internal controls can indirectly contribute to effective financial management and cost reduction, their primary purpose is to ensure the accuracy of financial reporting, compliance with regulations, efficient operations, and protection of company assets. "Reduction of debt financing costs" is more related to financial strategies and negotiations with lenders rather than a primary objective of internal controls.

An auditor may determine that particular statements have a high control risk after learning about an entity's internal control system because

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Setting control risk at a high level indicates that the auditor believes there is a high risk that the internal controls will not be able to prevent or detect material misstatements in the financial statements. This could be due to weaknesses in the design or operation of the controls, lack of consistency in their application, or other factors that indicate a low level of reliance on these controls for the specific assertions in question. As a result, the auditor will conduct more substantive testing to provide sufficient assurance in light of the higher assessed control risk.

Auditors are likely to when preliminary control risk evaluations are set to high:

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Setting control risk at a high level means the auditor believes that there is a high risk that the internal controls are not effective in preventing or detecting material misstatements. In such cases, the auditor may choose to rely more on substantive procedures (such as substantive testing of account balances and transactions) rather than testing the controls themselves. This is because they believe that the controls are not reliable, and it's more efficient to focus on verifying the accuracy of the financial statement items directly through substantive procedures.

Regardless of the estimated level of control risk, an auditor would complete some of the following

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Substantive procedures are audit procedures designed to detect material misstatements in financial statements. They include tests of details and substantive analytical procedures. Even if control risk is assessed at a low level and the auditor relies on controls, there is still a need to perform some level of substantive procedures to provide reasonable assurance that material misstatements are not present in the financial statements. This helps restrict detection risk, which is the risk of not detecting a material misstatement that exists in the financial statements.

Which of the following is an acceptable excuse for skipping control test procedures?

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In an audit, the auditor needs to consider the cost-effectiveness of performing various audit procedures. If the effort required to perform tests of controls is greater than the expected benefits of reducing control risk, it might not be justified to conduct those tests. Instead, the auditor might choose to rely more on substantive procedures to achieve the desired level of assurance. This decision is based on the concept of cost-benefit analysis, where the audit effort is balanced against the potential risk and impact on the financial statements.

The best and most trustworthy audit proof that segregation of roles is effectively used is obtained by

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The highest-quality and most reliable audit evidence that segregation of duties is properly implemented is obtained by "Observation by the auditor of the employees performing control activities." Observing the actual segregation of duties in action provides direct evidence that different individuals are carrying out different steps of a process, which helps to prevent errors and fraud. This is a crucial internal control mechanism, and direct observation is one of the most effective ways for auditors to verify its implementation.

Which of the following auditing procedures would most likely give an auditor the greatest peace of mind regarding the efficacy of a control's operation?

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"Reperformance of the control by the auditor" is an audit technique that would most likely provide an auditor with the most assurance about the effectiveness of the operation of a control. Reperformance involves the auditor independently executing the control activity to verify its accuracy and effectiveness. By reperforming the control, the auditor can directly assess whether the control is functioning as intended and whether it is effective in achieving its intended purpose. This technique allows the auditor to gain a high level of assurance about the control's operation.

Auditors learn about internal control of an entity primarily for the following reasons:

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Auditors obtain an understanding of an entity’s internal control for the primary purpose of "Determining the nature, extent, and timing of subsequent audit procedures to be performed." Understanding the entity's internal control helps auditors plan their audit approach and determine the appropriate procedures to achieve their audit objectives. By understanding the internal control environment, auditors can assess the risk of material misstatement and design their audit procedures accordingly. This understanding guides auditors in selecting the right combination of tests of controls and substantive procedures to obtain sufficient and appropriate audit evidence.

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