FREE CGAP Auditing & Corporate Governance Questions and Answers

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Which of the following doesn't qualify as an audit?

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All the options listed are indeed kinds of audits. The first option includes statutory and private audits, the second option includes government and continuous audits, and the third option includes various types of audits such as continuous, final, interim, cash, cost, and management audits. Therefore, all of these options are valid kinds of audits.

When one clerk's work is automatically reviewed by another, it is referred as as

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The work of one clerk being automatically checked by another clerk is called "Internal check." Internal check is a control mechanism where different individuals within an organization perform and verify each other's work. This process helps detect errors, ensure accuracy, and prevent fraud by adding an additional layer of review within the business processes.

The division of labor among employees so that, while a transaction is being carried out, recorded, and processed, the work of one employee is automatically inspected by another.

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The arrangement of duties of staff in such a manner that the work of one person is automatically checked by another during the course of carrying out, recording, and processing a transaction is referred to as "Internal check." Internal check is a control mechanism within an organization that involves distributing responsibilities and tasks in a way that provides a built-in system of checks and balances. This helps in detecting errors, preventing fraud, and ensuring the accuracy and reliability of business operations.

This type of audit is typically undertaken between two annual audits _______ .

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This kind of audit is conducted generally between two annual audits and is referred to as an "Interim audit." An interim audit is performed during the accounting period between two consecutive annual audits to provide some level of assurance and address potential issues early on. It allows for timely identification of any significant issues or adjustments before the end of the financial year and the completion of the full annual audit.

Which of the following items does the auditor not check when examining the liabilities?

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"Existence," "Obligation," and "Completeness" are all important objectives included while verifying liabilities by the auditor. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above." When verifying liabilities, auditors aim to ensure that recorded liabilities actually exist, that the entity is obligated to pay them, and that all liabilities are appropriately recorded in the financial statements to achieve completeness and accuracy. These objectives collectively help ensure the reliability of the financial reporting process.

The auditor should investigate any sales returns.

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Credit notes are issued to customers for the value of returned goods, and goods received notes are used to record the receipt of returned goods back into the company. By verifying these documents, the auditor can ensure that sales returns are appropriately recorded, supported by evidence, and accurately reflected in the financial statements. This helps maintain the integrity of the financial reporting process.

Which of the following is true regarding the value of vouching?

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Vouching is vital in auditing as it ensures accurate financial reporting by verifying transactions against supporting documents. It checks if entries follow accounting principles, aids in detecting errors and frauds, and guarantees proper disclosure in financial statements.

Internal auditing's goal is to

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The object of internal audit is not solely "To detect frauds and errors." While detecting frauds and errors is a part of the internal audit function, the broader objective of internal audit is to provide independent and objective assurance and consulting activities designed to add value and improve an organization's operations. Internal auditors assess risk, evaluate the effectiveness of internal controls, ensure compliance with policies and regulations, and help organizations achieve their objectives efficiently and effectively.

The components of auditing consist of:

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Auditing involves a systematic and independent examination of financial information and records to assess their accuracy and fairness. Its purpose is to provide an opinion on the reliability of financial statements or specific aspects. Auditors collect and evaluate evidence, including testing internal controls, to form conclusions and opinions about the subject being audited.

When generally accepted accounting rules are not adhered to when documenting any transaction in the books of accounts, errors may result.

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The errors that occur when generally accepted accounting principles are not observed while recording transactions in the books of accounts are referred to as "Errors of principle." These errors involve situations where the accounting treatment applied to a transaction does not align with the appropriate accounting principles or standards. This can result in misstatements in financial statements and the need for correction to ensure accurate and compliant financial reporting.

Which of the following does not apply to the vouching process for cash sales:

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"Examine balance sheet" is not a procedure for vouching of cash sales. Vouching of cash sales involves verifying the accuracy of transactions involving cash sales by tracing them back to source documents like sales invoices, cash registers, and other relevant records. It ensures that the recorded transactions are supported by appropriate documentation. Examining the balance sheet is not a specific procedure for vouching cash sales; it is more related to analyzing the financial position of the company at a particular point in time.

An audit known as an interim audit was carried out.

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It involves reviewing financial information and conducting audit procedures during the accounting period between two annual financial statement audits. The purpose of an interim audit is to provide some level of assurance to the organization and its stakeholders before the completion of the full annual audit. It helps identify potential issues early on and allows for adjustments or corrections to be made before the end of the financial year.

The process of looking at a document that backs up a recorded transaction to confirm the legitimacy and validity of that transaction

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The process of inspecting a document that supports a recorded transaction in order to verify the authority and authenticity of such a transaction is referred to as "Vouching." Vouching is an essential auditing procedure where auditors examine source documents to ensure that the transactions recorded in the financial statements are valid, accurately represented, and supported by evidence. This helps ensure the accuracy and reliability of the financial information being reported.

The audit that a statute makes required is known as __________ .

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The audit that is made compulsory under statute is called "Statutory audit." This type of audit is required by law or regulation and is performed to ensure compliance with the applicable financial reporting and auditing standards. It is conducted to provide assurance on the accuracy and fairness of the financial statements and to meet legal requirements.

Who is in charge of examining the assets?

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The "Auditor" is responsible for the verification of assets. During an audit, the auditor examines and verifies the existence, ownership, valuation, and other attributes of an entity's assets to ensure that they are accurately presented in the financial statements. This verification process helps provide assurance about the reliability of the financial information being reported.

It's vital to check monetary transactions.

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To verify cash transactions, auditors need a robust internal control system, examine all transactions for accuracy and completeness, and rely on documentary evidence like receipts and bank statements for legitimacy and proper recording.

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