FREE Certified Surgical Technologist (AST) Questions and Answers

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Which of the following uses a binocular microscope to examine the cervix?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The procedure for inspecting the vagina is known as a colposcopy, and the word "colpo" is the root word for "vagina."

Which middle ear ossicle has the oval window covered?

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Explanation:
The oval window, often known as the stapes, is the opening between the middle and inner ear.

What is the name of the interaction between two organisms that coexist in the same space but where one benefits while the other is unaffected?

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Explanation:
Fibromyomas or fibroid tumors on the uterine wall are removed using a treatment known as a myomectomy.

What is the term for cardiac compression brought on by an excess of fluid or blood?

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Explanation:
Tamponade is a condition when the heart is compressed as a result of a buildup of blood or fluid inside the pericardium.

Which one of the following constitutes a high-level disinfection technique?

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Explanation:
A high-level disinfectant solution containing 2% glutaraldehyde must be fully submerged for 20 minutes at room temperature before the device can be cleaned.

The inner ear's spiral, conical structure is called the

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Explanation:
The cochlea is a bony spiral canal in the ear.

Which of the following is an example of a fenestrated drape?

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Explanation:
A drape with an opening, such as the aperture drape frequently used to cover eyes, is referred to as a fenestrated drape.

Which of the following glands may have irritation if the mumps is present?

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Explanation:
The parotid glands lie between the epidermis and masseter muscle, inferior and anterior to the ears. The mumps virus targets the parotid glands.

What is the first part of the small intestine?

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Explanation:
The duodenum begins at the pyloric sphincter of the stomach.

Is permission for treatment granted in full awareness of the risks?

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Explanation:
When being carried to the operating room on a stretcher, the patient should be positioned in the elevator, entering headfirst and exiting feetfirst.

Which of the following preparation methods is best for a split-thickness skin graft?

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Explanation:
To enable the surgeon to assess the graft's vascularity after surgery, the donor site should be cleaned with a colorless antiseptic solution, such as chlorhexidine gluconate.

What kind of operation would require tooth removal?

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Explanation:
An extraction technique involves taking out a tooth or teeth. Odontectomy refers to the removal of the tooth's surrounding bone and soft tissue before extraction.

If an ovarian tumor is cancerous, what organs must be removed?

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Explanation:
To ensure that all cancer cells have been eradicated, the surgeon will remove the other ovary, both fallopian tubes, and the uterus if a tumor on one of the ovaries is discovered to be malignant.

Which suffix denotes a fluid removal procedure during surgery?

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Explanation:
The prefix "-centesis" denotes a surgical puncture; for instance, the term "arthrocentesis" refers to the surgical drainage of fluid from a joint area using a needle.

When a patient is lying flat, where should the safety strap be fastened?

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Explanation:
The safety belt should be positioned around two inches near the knees.

How should the stretcher be positioned when an elevator moves a patient to the or?

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