FREE ASWB Bachelors Basic Question and Answers

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Cognitive level and recent and distant memory capacities

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The mental status exam components related to intellectual functioning and memory assess an individual's cognitive abilities in terms of their intelligence and memory capabilities.

This phrase describes the belief that one belongs to a specific cultural, national, or racial group that shares or has commonalities with other groups, such as a common language, history, society, culture, or religion.

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The concept of ethnicity describes the sense that one belongs to a specific racial, cultural, or national group. They could be related by culture, religion, race, language, or origin country. Two individuals could be of the same race but different ethnicities, for instance.
Race has a specific social, historical, and geographical context and has no universal meaning. In today's society, "race" is defined by a person's skin tone. Cultural identity is characterized as the self-identification of an individual with a group or culture that shapes that group or culture's identity. Cultural variety is a characteristic of various or distinct cultures.

James is a patient who recently started psychotherapy to address trauma-related difficulties. When he reveals the nature of this prior sexual abuse, his therapist, a qualified clinical social worker, notices that he is unable to admit his genuine sentiments. James claims: "Just the thought of my Dad torturing me makes me uneasy. He wouldn't harm me in this way because he is my father ". Which form of defense is James using?

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One who is unable to acknowledge their genuine emotions, desires, or behaviors that are consciously intolerable engages in denial as a primordial defense. In this instance, Craig is unable to admit that his father sexually assaulted him.
An emotional conflict is resolved by acting out rather than absorbing its effects. Compensation gives one the chance to make up for shortcomings. For instance, a physically little man might go to the gym to build muscle so that he can appear larger than he is. Dissociation is a process that permits a person to divide their mental faculties in a way that enables them to act on irrational or unconscious impulses without acknowledging guilt or responsibility.

Teenage support groups will be facilitated by social workers. He is currently deciding on the group's schedule and formulating a list of objectives, guidelines, and requirements that its members must adhere to. The social worker is aware that the group members can at first experience emotional disconnection from one another. Where is the social worker in the process of the group?

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There are three distinct phases to the group process, during which a social worker assumes various tasks. A social worker establishes the goal of the group and his or her responsibility at the "starting" phase. This phase is known as a period for gathering, planning, and organization. In addition, before they have had time to build ties, members are likely to stay apart or be eliminated.
This stage does not include the intermediate stage. The majority of the group's work will take place during the middle stage. In order to complete the tasks, the group's relationships are strengthened. The group evaluates its successes in the final phase. Addressed are emotions related to the group's dissolution.

Thinking style and the capacity to distinguish between stimuli coming from inside oneself or oneself and those coming from outside oneself or oneself (statements about delusions, hallucinations, and conclusions about whether or not a client is psychotic would appear here)

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This aspect of the mental status exam assesses the individual's thinking style, ability to perceive reality accurately, and differentiate between their internal thoughts and external stimuli. It's a critical component for identifying potential psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations.

Michelle, the clinic's program director, is in charge of identifying and meeting the needs of the clinic's mental health program. She wants to know more about the reasons behind inconsistent client use of therapeutic services. Which assessment tool would be most useful for identifying the program's needs and potential gaps?

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A requirements assessment is a methodical procedure for identifying and resolving differences between the present and ideal conditions. It evaluates a program's advantages and disadvantages with the goal of strengthening it to handle present and upcoming issues. Needs assessments can be carried out using a variety of techniques by consultants, employees, and volunteers who are either internal or external to the community clinic. "Formative evaluation" looks at the procedures as they take place during a program's implementation phase. The goal of "summative assessment" is to assess a program's outcomes or efficacy. The financial costs of running a program are compared to the financial advantages of its outputs in a "cost-benefit analysis."

When a social worker is evaluating a client who is exhibiting mild depressed symptoms, what are the distinctions between endogenous and exogenous depression?

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Depression can arise from a variety of causes. However, endogenous depression and external depression are the two separate origins of depression. Endogenous depression is brought on by a metabolic imbalance, and its symptoms can be treated with medicine. Exogenous depression, on the other hand, is brought on by psychosocial stressors in which a person may not feel as though their needs are being met and may require coping mechanisms to control their depression.

When a social worker is evaluating a client who has mental difficulties, how can they distinguish between delusions and hallucinations?

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Delusions are erroneous fixed beliefs that are frequently unfounded in reality (i.e. a client believes that they are being watched by aliens from a distant planet). Although based on one's five senses, hallucinations are not real (i.e. a client seeing an "person" in a corner of a room when there is no one there or no stimulus).

After a fight including physical and verbal abuse, the batterer makes a vow to the victim that "I will never do this again." The abuser repeatedly apologizes to the victim and professes to love and care for her. Where is the batterer in the "cycle of violence"?

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The cycle of violence has just three stages. Phase I, "Tension Building," during which abuse may be discernible (i.e. multiple verbal arguments, anger, and blaming). The shortest phase of the cycle, known as Phase II "Battering Incident," is when the most physical and/or verbal abuse takes place. In Phase III, "Loving Contrition," the batterer professes numerous regrets and vows never to repeat those behaviors. The "honeymoon stage" is another name for this phase. There isn't a Phase IV.

A client her age is now being helped by a case worker to seek resources through the neighborhood community center. The caseworker considers the client to be disrespectful and conceited. The caseworker says that the client "hates her" when discussing the situation with her supervisor. What kind of defense is this caseworker using?

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The caseworker is engaging in projection, a basic form of self-defense that involves projecting one's disowned attitudes, desires, and feelings onto an outside thing or person. In this instance, the case worker dislikes some of the client's behaviors and transfers those feelings to the client.
A type of projection is projective identification. However, the term is most frequently used with people who have been diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), who unintentionally mistake other people's actions for a mirror of their own identity. Introjection typically occurs when a person imitates or adopts the traits or behaviors of others. A basic behavior known as incorporation involves figuratively ingesting "psychic" representations of people (parts of people). This person isn't being their actual, honest self.

What is another phrase for "steady state" in the systems theory?

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In terms of systems theory, "steady state" is often referred to as "homeostasis." According to systems theory, "homeostasis" or "steady state" occurs when a family system feels "balanced." Families seek "homeostasis," a state of equilibrium. To achieve or restore this equilibrium when it is absent, rules or interactions may need to be changed.
The term "input" refers to acquiring resources from the environment that are required for the system to achieve its objectives. A system that allows cross-border exchange is an "open system." The structure and function of "Differentiation" are becoming more specialized.

During this stage of development, a kid can comprehend past, present, and future themes and can go from concrete to abstract thought. During this time, children also have a tendency to be "egocentric."

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Children between the ages of 2 and 7 have more concrete thinking and can understand time through past, present, and future themes, according to Jean Piaget and his theory on cognitive development. They are more "egocentric" at this point. Piaget's theory on cognitive development includes this.

What stage does a child start to cry when a stranger tries to hold them or get close to them, according to John Bowlby's view of attachment theory.

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When a stranger other than the child's parents tries to hold or get close to the infant, the baby's stranger fear starts to develop between the ages of 5 and 9 months. This behavior worsens for about a year before ceasing when the youngster turns two.
The term "learned behavior" refers to a group of actions that a child picks up by interacting with the mother, who often gives food as consolation. This promotes attachment. When the caregiver is out of sight or leaves the room, the child may act out in ways that indicate separation anxiety. This behavior usually appears between the ages of 6 and 8 months. The hallmark of separation anxiety disorder, which develops later in childhood, is excessive fear about being alone or separated from a caregiver. This conduct is neither typical nor suitable for the child's age at which it happens.

The goal of this psychological evaluation is to identify various psychological preferences in how people perceive their environment and make decisions. It is an introspective self-report questionnaire.

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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a self-report survey with forced choices that seek to categorize respondents along four theoretically independent characteristics of how they view the world. Extraversion, introversion, sensation, and intuition make up the four dimensions.
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), a 21-item multiple-choice exam, is used to evaluate the presence and severity of depression in adults and adolescents. With 550 statements, 16 of which are repeated, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is an objective verbal inventory created as a personality test for the assessment of psychopathology. The Rorschach Inkblot Test is used to evaluate psychological processes and perceptual responses. One of the most popular projective tests is it.

The social worker is evaluating the client's history of drug misuse. Which model offers the most thorough justification for how complex substance abuse diseases are?

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Hereditary predisposition, emotional and psychological issues, social effects, and environmental issues are all included in the biopsychosocial model.
According to the Medical Model, addiction is a potentially lethal, recurrent, chronic medical condition. The Family and Environment Model is founded on the justification that family and environmental factors, such as behaviors influenced by family and peers, personality traits, physical and sexual abuse, chaotic neighborhoods, and school problems, can all contribute to substance misuse. According to the social model, drug use is learned and perpetuated by those who act as role models.

Which of the five levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs allows a person to discover their actual purpose, cope with the world "as it is," and get a glimpse of what it means to be whole?

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According to Maslow, self-actualization is the point at which a person must be who they are despite their surroundings. Only 1% of people typically function consistently at this level. Being "self actualized" puts a person in a position to discover their genuine calling (i.e, an actor, writer, or musician). Other demands in the hierarchy are represented by the other stated answer choices.

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