FREE ASWB Masters Basic Question and Answers

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Why does a child's perception of a circumstance alter how it affects them?

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A child's interpretation of a situation is a significant factor in how they experience and respond to it emotionally. Their assessment of the situation's importance can influence their emotional reactions, stress levels, and coping strategies. Recognizing and addressing a child's perceptions and emotions in various situations is important for supporting their emotional well-being and helping them develop effective coping skills.

The ability to manage your behavior is referred to as:

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Self-regulation refers to the ability to control and manage one's own behaviors, emotions, and impulses. It involves the capacity to regulate and modulate responses to various situations and stimuli, adapting one's behavior in accordance with personal goals, social norms, and situational demands.

Benjamin is only permitted to play video games for 15 minutes a day, but one day he stays up for an additional 30. His parents do nothing and let him play the game for as long as he likes without any consequences; instead, they give him praise for reaching level 10. What kind of parenting approach do Benjamin's parents employ?

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Indulgent parenting can have both positive and negative effects on children. While it can foster a strong bond between parents and children and encourage independence, it might also lead to challenges in areas such as self-control, responsibility, and the ability to follow rules. It's important for parents to strike a balance between warmth and structure to promote healthy development and well-being in their children.

Which of the following does NOT include a bodily change that takes place in the formative years?

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Increased vocabulary is not a physical change that occurs during early childhood. Instead, it is a cognitive and language-related change.

It is ____ when every member of a family acknowledges the value of experiencing nature.

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When all members of a family hold the belief that exploring nature is important, it reflects a shared value within that family. Shared values are beliefs, principles, or ideals that are commonly held by members of a group, such as a family. They serve as a foundation for decision-making, behaviors, and interactions within that group.

Which of the following is a case when a child's skills are addressed to boost self-esteem?

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"You did great today! You were able to run fast and still kick the ball into the goal!" is indeed an example of addressing a child's abilities in order to enhance their self-esteem.
This type of feedback focuses on recognizing and acknowledging the child's specific accomplishments and skills. By highlighting the child's efforts and achievements, the parent is providing positive reinforcement and boosting the child's self-esteem. Such praise and recognition can help the child feel valued, competent, and motivated to continue engaging in activities and tasks.

Why does physical harassment constitute hostile aggression?

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Physical bullying falls under the category of hostile aggression because its main intent is to hurt or harm someone. Hostile aggression refers to aggressive behavior that is driven by anger, hostility, or a desire to inflict harm on another person. It is not motivated by achieving a specific goal or gaining something tangible, but rather by the intent to cause pain, injury, or distress to the victim.

Why is conflict with parents during adolescence in fact beneficial?

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Fighting with parents during adolescence is not inherently a positive thing, but it can serve as a part of the developmental process for teens to explore boundaries and build autonomy. It's important to differentiate between healthy conflict and unhealthy dynamics in parent-teen relationships.

Which parenting style is seen optimal by educational psychologists and is most frequently associated with children who have strong self-esteem, positive social skills, and academic success?

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According to educational psychologists, the authoritative parenting style is considered to be ideal for promoting positive outcomes in children. This parenting style is associated with children who tend to have high self-esteem, good social skills, and success in school.

What should someone do first if they are having problems with their gender identity or sexual orientation?

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Being true to oneself is indeed one of the most important things for a person to do when struggling with gender identity and sexual orientation. Authenticity and self-acceptance are crucial for overall well-being and mental health.

Middle childhood health in particular depends on two things: ____ and _____.

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Exercise and nutrition are indeed two key components of health in middle childhood. Middle childhood, which typically spans from around 6 to 12 years of age, is a crucial period for establishing healthy habits that can impact a child's overall well-being and development.

What makes parental substance abuse such a problem?

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Parental substance abuse is indeed a major issue that can disrupt the bonding between parent and child. Substance abuse by parents can have profound and negative effects on children's emotional, psychological, and overall development, as well as on the parent-child relationship.

During early life, two processes enable young children's brains to learn more in a shorter amount of time and to become more functional overall: ____ and ______.

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Both synaptic growth and synaptic pruning contribute to the brain's ability to learn and adapt. By initially overproducing synapses and then refining them based on experience, the brain becomes more specialized and capable of processing complex information efficiently. These processes play a crucial role in shaping cognitive, emotional, and sensory functions during early childhood and beyond.

Children often have unusually high levels of resilience when it comes to ____ concerns.

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Resilience in children does tend to be particularly high when it comes to socioemotional issues. Resilience refers to an individual's ability to adapt, cope, and bounce back from challenges, setbacks, and adversities. In the context of children, resilience plays an important role in their ability to navigate various life stressors and maintain healthy socioemotional well-being.

What differences do sex and gender have?

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Sex is often associated with biological characteristics, gender is a broader concept that includes psychological and cultural aspects. Gender identity is a deeply personal and individual experience, and not everyone's gender identity aligns with societal expectations based on their assigned sex. It's important to recognize and respect individuals' gender identities and expressions, as they contribute to a more inclusive and understanding society.

What link exists between social development and self-esteem?

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Healthy self-esteem is closely related to social development. Positive self-esteem can indeed lead to positive interactions with others, and positive interactions can, in turn, contribute to higher self-esteem. This reciprocal relationship between self-esteem and social interactions plays a significant role in an individual's social development.

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