FREE ACE Personal Trainer Trivia Questions and Answers

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Heidi is a 62-year-old woman who has come to you for help. Last year she had knee replacement surgery and has not been exercising since her physical therapy ended six months ago. She has been smoking cigarettes for the past 45 years. Her father died of a myocardial infarction when he was 54, and her mother died of the same thing when she was 66. Heidi has a BMI of 23. Systolic BP = 138 mmHg, Diastolic BP = 88 mmHg. LDL cholesterol = 130 mg/dl, HDL cholesterol = 59. According to ACSM guidelines, how many risk factors does Veronica have, and what is her risk classification?

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Ischemic symptoms or signs include these:

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The sign or symptom synonymous with ischemia is "angina," which is characterized by pain, tightness, or discomfort in the chest area. While angina is typically felt in the chest, it can also radiate to other areas, including the jaw, shoulder, arms, or back. Therefore, pain or discomfort in the jaw can be an associated symptom of myocardial ischemia. It is important to note that any chest pain or discomfort should be evaluated by a healthcare professional to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.

You recently conducted a detailed assessment of Shelly's health risks; she is a 29-year-old lady. She wants to start working out because she is driven. You discovered that she has a BMI of 32, was given a type 2 diabetes diagnosis a year ago, and is currently taking medication to treat the condition. For the past six months, Jenny has been exercising by walking for at least 60 minutes at a moderate pace. Her blood pressure is 138 mmHg systolic and 87 mmHg diastolic. One hundred twenty-five for LDL cholesterol and 55 for HDL. What is her risk category and risk factor count following ACSM recommendations?

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Explanation:
Based on the information provided, Jenny's risk classification according to the ACSM guidelines is high risk. This is due to her diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, which is considered a cardiovascular disease risk equivalent. Having diabetes automatically places her in the high-risk category.

In terms of risk factor count, Jenny has one risk factor: her elevated systolic blood pressure (138 mmHg). According to the ACSM guidelines, a systolic blood pressure of 130-139 mmHg is classified as a moderate risk factor.

It's important to note that risk classification and risk factor count may vary based on individual circumstances and other considerations. It's recommended that Jenny consults with her healthcare provider before starting or intensifying an exercise program to ensure her safety and receive any necessary medical guidance.

What method of taking a patient's blood pressure would be the most accurate?

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Jiro, a 44-year-old man who wants to work out, approaches you. After a detailed assessment of his health risks, you find out that his father smoked and had diabetes; he quit smoking last year; alternates between using the treadmill and stationary bike three days a week for 30-45 minutes during his lunch break at work. His BMI is 31, his systolic and diastolic blood pressures are 142 and 88, and his total serum cholesterol is 187 mg/dl. According to ACSM recommendations, what level of risk is Jiro at, and how many risk factors, if any, does he have?

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Which of the following questions is most likely to reveal daily stress and obstacles to exercise?

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Explanation:
The questionnaire that is most likely to include questions about daily stress and barriers to being active is not the PAR-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire), but rather the more comprehensive questionnaire called the "General Health and Lifestyle Questionnaire" or a similar assessment tool that addresses lifestyle factors.

You recently conducted a detailed assessment of Carla's health risks; she is a 29-year-old lady. She wants to start working out because she is driven. You discovered that she has a BMI of 32, was given a type 2 diabetes diagnosis a year ago, and is currently taking medication to treat the condition. For the past six months, Carla has been exercising by walking for at least 60 minutes at a moderate pace. Her blood pressure is 138 mmHg systolic and 87 mmHg diastolic. One hundred twenty-five for LDL cholesterol and 55 for HDL. Would she have to get checked out before doing moderate exercise?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Carla would need to have a medical exam before engaging in moderate exercise. Given her diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and the fact that she is taking medication for it, it is important to ensure that her diabetes is well-managed and that her healthcare provider approves of her engaging in exercise. Additionally, her blood pressure measurements, with a systolic blood pressure of 138 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of 87 mmHg, are slightly elevated. It is important to determine if her blood pressure is under control and if there are any restrictions or precautions that need to be considered before she starts or intensifies her exercise routine. A medical examination will provide a comprehensive assessment of her health status and help identify any potential risks or considerations for her exercise program.

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