FREE ABMDI Registry Questions and Answers 

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Operative procedure in which an artificial opening is created

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Surgical procedure where an artificial opening is created to allow for the passage of urine or feces.

Send signals to muscles to contract. Increased stimulus leads to more fibers contracting.

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This involves the interaction between nerves and muscles, where nerves send signals to muscles to contract. Increased stimulus leads to more muscle fibers contracting.

Typically takes 2-4 hours to develop and is identifiable by plum-colored blushing that initially blanches when touched.
Generally completely fixed in 8-12 hours, depending on temperature. Cherry-red in carbon monoxide and cyanide deaths.

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This refers to the stiffening of the muscles after death, starting within 2-4 hours and fully developing over 12-24 hours.

Lack of oxygen in tissues of the body and interference with the oxygenation of the blood

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This refers to a condition arising when the body is deprived of oxygen, causing unconsciousness or death; it involves both a lack of oxygen in the tissues and interference with the oxygenation of the blood.

The body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems

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This system is the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems.
It coordinates actions and sensory information by transmitting signals to and from different parts of the body.

Surgical opening of the abdomen

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This is a surgical procedure involving an incision into the abdomen to examine the abdominal organs and diagnose any issues.

Bleeding between the membranes covering the brain (meninges) and the dura. Trauma is most common cause but may also occur from natural disease.

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Bleeding between the membranes covering the brain (meninges) and the dura mater. It's often caused by trauma but can also occur from natural disease.

A blood clot that forms within a blood vessel and typically occludes the flow of blood to that part

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This refers to the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a blood vessel, which can obstruct the flow of blood through the circulatory system.

Refers to a relative position within the body or farther away from the surface of the body (e.g., farther from the surface)

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This term describes a position farther away from the surface of the body.

Vomiting blood

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The plane that divides the body into front and back (e.g, anterior [ventral] and posterior [dorsal]) halves

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Also known as the frontal plane, it divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) halves.

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