EMT Operations Practice Test 3
It is necessary to wear a mask and eye protection when
Wear a mask and eye protection when there is a high probability of splattering, such as when suctioning a patient.
Which statement about a patient’s right to refuse care is correct?
An adult of sound mind can refuse treatment, but the EMT should first make an effort to clearly explain the consequences; refusal of treatment should be documented in writing.
Which of the following represents proper communication with the patient?
Speak respectfully to all patients regardless of intoxication or mental impairment; when talking to a child, consider his or her developmental level.
To be effective, hand washing should continue for at least
Rub your hands together vigorously with soap for at least 10 to 15 seconds, then rinse in running water.
What is the first thing you should do after receiving orders from the medical direction physician?
To avoid misunderstanding, always repeat medical orders exactly as you heard them. Once you have done that, you can question any order you do not understand or about which you are unclear. When you complete your written patient care report, you should include the order in your report.
Which statement about patient confidentiality is correct?
Patient information can be released only if the patient has signed a specific consent form.
Which statement about disposable gloves is correct?
Because gloves protect both you and your patients, most protocols now call for EMTs to wear gloves for any patient contact. Remove gloves by pulling them off inside out, so you do not touch the soiled outer surface; change gloves for each new patient contact.
In which of the following situations should you call for immediate assistance?
You could make the argument that you need additional help in the management of each of these situations; however, the one with the most critical need is when you must care for more than one critical patient. Both patients with gunshot wounds need immediate attention, so you should call for backup.
When arriving at the scene of a possible hazardous materials incident, you would identify hazards by ______
Never enter a scene where hazardous materials are present until you have verified that the scene is safe. Use binoculars to survey the scene from a distance in order to identify hazardous materials placards. Consider victims and bystanders contaminated and take appropriate precautions.
When your patient does not speak English, it is best to
When your patient does not speak English, try to find an interpreter, and be especially careful to avoid misunderstandings. Try using sign language and gestures until an interpreter can be found.
EMTs should wear high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) respirators when they are in contact with patients who have which of the following?
High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) respirators are worn when in contact with patients who have airborne infections, such as tuberculosis. HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B are both blood borne pathogens. Contaminants from open wounds would also be blood borne.
What is the correct procedure for handling a used airway?
The common procedure is to safely dispose of used airways.
The purpose of incident management systems is to provide _____
An incident management system is a coordinated system of procedures that allows for smooth operations at the scene of an emergency.
To willfully leave a patient who is in need of care without a signed or verbal refusal of care is ____?
Abandonment is when continuing care is needed but the patient/EMT relationship is terminated without a refusal or transfer of care.
Which of the following situations illustrates implied consent?
Implied consent means that, because your adult patient cannot give consent to treatment, you act without it.
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