VOCABULARY PRACTICE TEST

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The prince returned to his castle after abdicating the throne. Abdicated entails...

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Explanation:
To abdicate means to relinquish or give up a throne, power, right, or responsibility. It does not mean to sell (A), reinvest in (D), or auction (C).

The members of the yacht club were ecstatic about the loch's conditions. Loch implies...

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Explanation:
Loch is the Scottish word equivalent to the English word lake. Hence lake is a closer synonym than water (B), which has many forms; or gulf (D) or ocean (A), both bodies of water different from a lake.

Prior to the sentencing phase of the trial, the convicted felon absconded. What does it mean to be absconded?

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Explanation:
To abscond means to flee or escape secretly and hide. It can also connote making off with something (e.g. “He absconded with the treasure.”) It does not mean to touch anyone (C), to report immediately (A)-an opposite-or to leave after some discussion (D), but to break out/take off quickly.

In the fall, the plant entered the latent period of development. The term "latent" refers to...

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Explanation:
Latent means dormant, sleeping, or inactive; unrealized, or covert or hidden. It does not mean first (B), growth (C), or last (D).

The aural component of balance is crucial for maintaining postural control when walking. The use of aural means in relation to the...

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Explanation:
Aural refers to the ears or hearing. A corresponding adjective referring to the eyes (B) is visual; to the nose (D) is nasal; and to the mouth (C) is oral.

The World Series champions are known for their jovial attitude. What does jovial mean?

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Explanation:
Jovial means happy or merry, the opposite of sad (D) and somber (B). It does not mean laborious (A), i.e. effortful, difficult, or painstaking.

With his fortune, the old guy was benevolent. What does it mean to be benevolent?

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Explanation:
Benevolent means kind or good. It does not mean secretive (B), i.e. keeping secret. In this sentence, stingy (C) is an antonym for “benevolent with his fortune.” Benevolent does not mean careful (A) or cautious.

The general attempted to instill hope in his troops. Instill implies...

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Infuse is the best synonym here for instill, meaning to impart, inject, introduce or put something into someone or something. These two words do not mean to delay (A), i.e. put off or slow down; to inscribe (D), i.e. write, etch, or imprint; or to indict (C), i.e. accuse.

The additional dirt served as a crucial buttress for the foundation. Buttress means…

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Explanation:
A buttress (noun) and to buttress (verb) mean support. Buttress is not a limiting factor (B), an overwhelming condition (D), or an obstacle (C) or barrier.

Innumerable troops were moving forward against the Sherman tank commander's position. Innumerable signifies...

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Explanation:
Innumerable means countless, or impossible to number or count. It is an opposite of limited (B). It does not mean weary (A) or tired, or harmless (C).

A battery's cathode was removed. The term "cathode" refers to...

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
In electrolysis and electrophoresis, for example, electrons (negatively charged particles) come from a power supply along a negatively charged electrode, the cathode. Electrons return to the power supply via a positively charged electrode, the anode. Therefore, the cathode is not the positive (C), neutral (A), or opposite (B) electrode, or pole.

When dealing with the dignitaries, the official displayed a heedless attitude. Heedless implies...

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Heedless means thoughtless: to heed is to pay attention to, mind, or observe something, and heedless is not paying attention/ignoring. It does not mean pleasant (A), friendly (D), or bitter (C).

During the escape, the desperados hid in a grotto in New Mexico. Grotto is a word that signifies...

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Explanation:
A grotto is a small cave, cavern, or hollow. It is not a larger cave (B), or a motel (C) or hotel (D).

Over the course of his career, the doctor was dubbed a charlatan. Charlatan is a term used to describe someone who...

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Quack and charlatan are synonyms meaning phony, fraud, or faker. A doctor known as a charlatan or quack is not a knowledgeable physician (A) or a procedural physician (D). A medical examiner (B) is a specific job title for a licensed physician who is also a government-appointed officer conducting autopsies to investigate and determine cause of death, not a synonym for a fake.

During the experiment, the chemist gathered germane data. Germane signifies...

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Explanation:
Germane means relevant, pertinent, or applicable. It does not mean obscure (A), i.e. unclear or hidden; usual (C), or limited (D).

The wound displayed signs of copious drainage requiring restorative intercession. Copious signifies…

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Explanation:
Copious means profuse or abundant, i.e. maximal, not minimal (B), an antonym. This meaning is not related to, and does not mean, clear (A) or foul (C).

During deliberation, the judge was fallible. The term "fallible" is defined as...

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Fallible means able to err. It does not mean careful not to do so (B), falsely accused (A), or loyal to one’s supporters (D).

The witness was accused of defaming the defendant by the attorney. Defamation implies...

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
To defame means to slander, libel, or otherwise disparage the reputation or actions of another. It does not mean to kill (C), badger (A) or harass; or to suffocate (D) or smother.

The scientist was able to evoke strong feelings among her listeners. What does it mean to "evoke"?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
To evoke means to call forth, elicit, or draw out, as emotions. It does not mean to sell (B), calm (A), or exaggerate (C).

The facts of the case were derive by the detective. The term "derive" refers to...

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
To derive means to deduce; i.e. to draw from or arrive at through deduction, or to determine via reasoning. It does not mean to desist (B), i.e. cease; to deter (A), i.e. prevent or discourage; or to devise (D), i.e. design or invent.

Choose the most accurate definition of the word "headstrong."

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Determined to do as one pleases, and not as others want.

N. A person who donates a gift or money to a charitable organization.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Benefactor: Somebody who gives one a gift. Usually refers to someone who gives money to a charity or another form of organization.

v. to depose a high-ranking officer or leader

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Explanation:
Depose: To remove (a leader) from (high) office, without killing the incumbent.

Choose the most accurate oblique definition.

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Explanation:
Not straightforward; indirect; obscure; hence, disingenuous; underhand; perverse; sinister.

Choose the finest podium definition.

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
A platform on which to stand, as when conducting an orchestra or preaching at a pulpit.

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