TOEFL Practice Test #3

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1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

The passage suggests that the normal structure accounts for

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

The word :dim" in line 13 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

Dorothy Arzner was hired by Paramount as movie director

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

The word "eminent" in line 11 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

In lines 8-9, the phrase "feature first have intrigued" could best be replaced by which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

The word "prevalent" in line 4 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

The word "their" in line 18 refers to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

It can be inferred that Arzner owes her success to her

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

Which of the following best explains the author's attitude toward Dorothy Arzner?

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

Which of the following methods of development is used in the passage?

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

What does the statement "She strongly favored an unstereotyped role for women" in lines 4-5 mean?

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

The author use the phrase "rather chaotic" in line 18 to indicate that the structure of irregularly-shaped galaxies is

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

In line 7-8, the phrase "enclosed in a disk structure" could best be replaced by which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

Where in the passage does the author first identify the group of galaxies that are dimly lit?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

According to the passage, which of the following films was a major factor in Arzner's career as a movie director?

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

According to the passage, Dorothy Arzner ended her directing career because

Correct! Wrong!

1. Dorothy Arzner, born on January 3, 1990, in San Francisco, is one of

2. the most significant early movie directors. She was the only woman director in

3. Hollywood during the 1930's and 1940"s. The theme of her movies centered

4. mostly around women's issues prevalent at the time. She strongly favored an

5. unstereotyped role of women. For instance, in Christopher Strong produced,

6. in 1933, she portrayed Amy Johnson, who was a pilot. She not only resented

7. seeing women as amorists and followers, but wanted them to have dynamic

8. aspirations and powerful characteristics. Her most productive years i feature

9. films (1927-1942) have intrigued a great number of feminist critics.

10. She started her directing career at the bottom of the ladder. In order to become

11. acquainted with all the areas of the movie industry, she held her first job as

12. script typist and edited movies. Her editing talent in the film Blood and Sand

13. featuring Rudolph Valentino caught James Cruze's attention. Later, she was

14. promoted to a screenplay writer. Her directing career at Paramount did not

15. start until after her work on the film The Covered Wagon (1923) by James

16. Cruze.

17. After leaving Paramount, from 1930 to 1943, she directed movies

18. independently. Some well-known actresses she worked with are Katherine

19. Hepburn and Joan Crawford. One of her best films Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)

20. exemplifies the characteristics of fame and possibilities of exploitation of

21. sexual representations. Her innovative methods in film-splicing and editing

22. for silent movies won her acclaim. Because of failing health and disinterest

23. in the shallow world of Hollywood, she retired. Her successful career as a

24. director includes 17 movies, most of which were box-office hits.

The word "shallow" in line 23 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

1. In the late 1920's, after examining the photographs of the structural appearance

2. of galaxies, Edwin P. Hubble, the American astronomer, classified the galaxies

3. into three distinct groups. These galaxies are comprised of stars that have

4. diverse structure, unequal degree of brightness, and definitely varied sizes

5. One group spirals, is highly luminous and has either a normal or a barred

6. structure. Normal spirals have two arms which radiate from the center of the

7. galaxy to the exterior edges. The two contrasting arms are enclosed in a disk

8. structure made of stars, however, in the barred structure the arms radiate

9. from the top and the bottom of a bright bar that goes through the nucleus of the

10. galaxy. Barred spirals account for nearly 25 percent of all spirals. Over two-

11. thirds of eminent, highly luminous galaxies are Spirals. The Milky Way and

12. The Andromeda are examples of spiral galaxies. Another group referred to as

13. elliptical galaxies exhibits soft, but dim brightness and has two subgroups: The

14. giant and the dwarf. While the giant elliptical galaxies have countless large

15. luminous stars, the dwarf ellipticals have a smaller number of less luminous

16. stars. Together they make up less than one-third of the galaxies. The last group

17. is the irregularly-shaped galaxies, which are non-symmetric, and their pattern is

18. rather chaotic. They account for 3% of the galaxies and their luminosity is

19. quite grainy. The Magellanic Cloud is an example of an irregularly shaped-galaxy.

According to the passage, the barred structure is a subgroup of which of the following galaxies?

Correct! Wrong!

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