TOEFL Practice Test 14

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Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the bottom:

1. Researchers in the field of animal behavior have long been interested in the

2. ways animals and insects communicate. The most recent findings show that

3. honeybees communicate mostly through "dances".

4. By performing certain dance routines, the workers let the other members know

5. of the location of the food source, its direction and its distance. If the workers

6. spot pollen and nectar in the flowers near their hive, they do the circular dance.

7. On the other hand, when the food site is remote, they perform a figure-eight

8. waggle dance, in which the slow and fast tempo movements will inform the other

9. members of the distance to the food source. For instance, a slow waggle of the lower

10. part of the abdomen signifies a far-distance, demanding flight. Conversely, a rapid

11. waggle indicates within- reach trip. Variations in the dance form exist among

12. different species.

13. The bee's orientation on the comb is a key directional cue for the bees. In the

14. absence of sun light on the comb, the bees waggle moving straight up. If the

15. sun's polarized light penetrates the hive, the bees can orient themselves

16. toward the direction of the sun's rays.

The author's purpose in using "the slow and fast tempo movements" (line 8) is to

Correct! Wrong!

The author clarifies "the figure-eight waggle dance" by giving specific details for the dance.

Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the bottom:

1. Researchers in the field of animal behavior have long been interested in the

2. ways animals and insects communicate. The most recent findings show that

3. honeybees communicate mostly through "dances".

4. By performing certain dance routines, the workers let the other members know

5. of the location of the food source, its direction and its distance. If the workers

6. spot pollen and nectar in the flowers near their hive, they do the circular dance.

7. On the other hand, when the food site is remote, they perform a figure-eight

8. waggle dance, in which the slow and fast tempo movements will inform the other

9. members of the distance to the food source.For instance, a slow waggle of the lower

10. part of the abdomen signifies a far-distance, demanding flight. Conversely, a rapid

11. waggle indicates within- reach trip. Variations in the dance form exist among

12. different species.

13. The bee's orientation on the comb is a key directional cue for the bees. In the

14. absence of sun light on the comb, the bees waggle moving straight up. If the

15. sun's polarized light penetrates the hive, the bees can orient themselves

16. toward the direction of the sun's rays.

The word "conversely"in line 10 could best be replaced by which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

Conversely means "on the other hand."

Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the bottom:

1. Researchers in the field of animal behavior have long been interested in the

2. ways animals and insects communicate. The most recent findings show that

3. honeybees communicate mostly through "dances".

4. By performing certain dance routines, the workers let the other members know

5. of the location of the food source, its direction and its distance. If the workers

6. spot pollen and nectar in the flowers near their hive, they do the circular dance.

7. On the other hand, when the food site is remote, they perform a figure-eight

8. waggle dance, in which the slow and fast tempo movements will inform the other

9. members of the distance to the food source.For instance, a slow waggle of the lower

10. part of the abdomen signifies a far-distance, demanding flight. Conversely, a rapid

11. waggle indicates within- reach trip. Variations in the dance form exist among

12. different species.

13. The bee's orientation on the comb is a key directional cue for the bees. In the

14. absence of sun light on the comb, the bees waggle moving straight up. If the

15. sun's polarized light penetrates the hive, the bees can orient themselves

16. toward the direction of the sun's rays.

Where in the passage dose the author mention the variety in the dance form?

Correct! Wrong!

This information is explicitly stated in lines 11-12.

Read the following paragraph and answer the question at the bottom:

1. Researchers in the field of animal behavior have long been interested in the

2. ways animals and insects communicate. The most recent findings show that

3. honeybees communicate mostly through "dances".

4. By performing certain dance routines, the workers let the other members know

5. of the location of the food source, its direction and its distance. If the workers

6. spot pollen and nectar in the flowers near their hive, they do the circular dance.

7. On the other hand, when the food site is remote, they perform a figure-eight

8. waggle dance, in which the slow and fast tempo movements will inform the other

9. members of the distance to the food source.For instance, a slow waggle of the lower

10. part of the abdomen signifies a far-distance, demanding flight. Conversely, a rapid

11. waggle indicates within- reach trip. Variations in the dance form exist among

12. different species.

13. The bee's orientation on the comb is a key directional cue for the bees. In the

14. absence of sun light on the comb, the bees waggle moving straight up. If the

15. sun's polarized light penetrates the hive, the bees can orient themselves

16. toward the direction of the sun's rays.

According to passage, how does a worker find the right path to the food source?

Correct! Wrong!

This information is given in the topic sentence of the third paragraph (line 13).

1. A division of the bryophytes, liverworts are relatively small plants which

2. have adapted to different habitats. Two species of liverworts, Riella and

3. Ricciocarpus, thrive in aquatic habitats. Some are found in the company of

4. other vegetation such as mosses, lichens, and sedges in the tundra in

5. Antarctica, while most others prefer moist, shady floors and tree trunks of

6. tropical forests. Leafy liverworts, with two or three rows of lobe-shaped

7. leaves which overlap incompletely, are discovered plentifully in the

8. tropical forests. These plants develop water storage pockets which become

9. home to a host of very small animals. They have a prostrate growth, and

10. single-cell rhizoids -- hairlike projections -- anchor the plant but are

11. incapable of transporting nutrients to the plants. The absence of midrib is

12. quite common bryophytes. Sphaerocarpo, a Thallus liverwort,

13. sometimes produces round rosettes or extended, flattened lobes.

14. The bryophytes not only aid soil formation on rocky and unproductive land

15. but balance the moisture content of the soil. Their epidermal cells -- outer

16. cells of the plant -- fused with significant air pores enclose the

17. photosynthetic cells. These pores play a major role in the photosynthetic

18. process in which carbon dioxide is taken in and oxygen is given off.

In line 3, the word "thrive" is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

Thrive means "flourish" in this context. In other contexts, it means "succeed" or "prosper."

1. A division of the bryophytes, liverworts are relatively small plants which

2. have adapted to different habitats. Two species of liverworts, Riella and

3. Ricciocarpus, thrive in aquatic habitats. Some are found in the company of

4. other vegetation such as mosses, lichens, and sedges in the tundra in

5. Antarctica, while most others prefer moist, shady floors and tree trunks of

6. tropical forests. Leafy liverworts, with two or three rows of lobe-shaped

7. leaves which overlap incompletely, are discovered plentifully in the

8. tropical forests. These plants develop water storage pockets which become

9. home to a host of very small animals. They have a prostrate growth, and

10. single-cell rhizoids -- hairlike projections -- anchor the plant but are

11. incapable of transporting nutrients to the plants. The absence of midrib is

12. quite common bryophytes. Sphaerocarpo, a Thallus liverwort,

13. sometimes produces round rosettes or extended, flattened lobes.

14. The bryophytes not only aid soil formation on rocky and unproductive land

15. but balance the moisture content of the soil. Their epidermal cells -- outer

16. cells of the plant -- fused with significant air pores enclose the

17. photosynthetic cells. These pores play a major role in the photosynthetic

18. process in which carbon dioxide is taken in and oxygen is given off.

What is the main topic of the passage ?

Correct! Wrong!

Even though bryophytes, liverworts, mosses, lichens, and sedges are mentioned in the passage, most of the passage deals with different kinds of liverworts. Do not be tricked into choosing (A) even though bryophytes are explained and supported; they are not the main portion of the passage.

Jadeite, whose color ranges from emerald green to lilac, is more costly that nephrite.

Correct! Wrong!

An insect has no lings, but its holes in the sides if the body through which it breathes.

Correct! Wrong!

Wool fabrics go through a number of finishing processes to reach the desiring appearance and feel.

Correct! Wrong!

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