Software Testing Practice Test

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Software testing should begin

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Explanation
Software testing activity should be started as soon as possible in the development life cycle

Which of the following is not a component of the Test Execution and Implementation Phase?

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Explanation
The process of executing code and comparing expected and actual results is known as test execution. The following factors should be considered during the test execution process: Select a subset of tests based on the risk: This cycle's test suite will be run. Each test suite's test cases should be assigned to testers for execution. The software's final testing, including non-functional testing, takes place during the implementation phase. This phase includes stress, load, and performance testing. In addition, the program is tested in a real-world setting. This is where the final test execution reports and papers are created.phase.

Which of the following is NOT typically included in a test plan?

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Explanation
We'll need a way to record, track, and manage the incidents that happen in the field or after the system is deployed. Defects that have been recorded are the most common the system or the code Defects are sometimes recorded against requirements and design specifications, as well as user and operator instructions and testing. As a result, they are excluded. Rest alternatives are included in a test plan, although they are not required.

All of the following can be found during inspections, with the exception of

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Explanation
lnspections is unable to determine how much code has been covered. The percentage of a program's source code that is tested by a certain test suite is referred to as code coverage. In software projects, inspection is one of the most prevalent types of review methods. The inspection's purpose is for all of the inspectors to agree on a work product and approve it for use. Incorporate into the project Software requirements specifications and test plans are examples of work deliverables that are frequently reviewed.

Equivalence partitioning is defined as

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Explanation
Equivalence partitioning (also known as Equivalence Class Partitioning or ECP) is a software testing approach that divides a software unit's input data into partitions of equivalent data from which test results are generated. It is possible to derive cases. Test cases should, in theory, cover each division at least once. It is a black box testing technique that may be used at any testing level.

Which phase includes the reporting of discrepancies as incidents

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Explanation
Any event that occurs during testing that necessitates inspection or review is referred to as an incident. When you execute/run a test, you may see that the actual results differ from what you intended. When the actual result differs from the expected outcome, it is referred to as an incident. Incidents differ from bugs in that they emerge as a result of incorrect configuration or corrupted data. As a result, incidents are not raised opposing user-suggested improvements An incident is a notification of a discrepancy, often known as a flaw or bug. We discover issues during the execution cycle, when we run the test cases.

Which areas are covered by CMMI-SVC?

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Explanation
SD is a Process Area in the category Service Establishment and Delivery at CMMI Maturity Level 2 of CMMI-SVC. Service Delivery (SD) aids in the entire delivery management services in accordance with the agreed-upon deliver terms and conditions CMMI-SVC addresses the establishment, administration, and delivery of services.

Which type of integration testing entails coupling all or most of the created modules to form a complete software system or main element of the system, which is then utilized for integration testing?

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Explanation
Big bang integration testing entails coupling all or most of the created modules to form a complete software system or main section of the system, which is then used for integration testing. Most of the generated modules are coupled together to form a complete software system or a substantial component of the system in the Big Bang approach, which is then utilized for integration testing. It all started with a bang. When it comes to saving time throughout the integration testing process, this strategy is quite beneficial. The entire integration process will become more complicated if the test cases and their results are not correctly recorded. This may obstruct the testing team's ability to achieve the integration testing aim.

Which form of automation testing creates a model of the application under test before allowing the tester to create test cases by simply changing test parameters and conditions?

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Explanation
Scriptless automation testing creates a model of the application under test, which the tester may then use to generate test cases by simply changing test parameters and conditions. Script-free is a method to create an optimized test automation engine by empowering the testing team to easily create automated test cases using sequencing and ready-to-use code assets to assure complete test coverage

Prioritizing tests ensures that

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Explanation
Prioritizing is the process of determining the order in which to deal with (a set of objects or tasks) based on their respective significance. Testing is constrained by time and other resources, therefore it should be done as efficiently as possible. I was able to achieve the highest possible level of efficiency. As a result, tests are prioritized so that the best testing can be done in the time provided.

The term "alpha testing" refers to

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Explanation
At the developers' site, alpha testing is simulated or genuine operational testing by future users/customers or an independent test team. Off-the-shelf software is frequently subjected to alpha testing as a kind of quality assurance. Before the software is sent to beta testing, it passes through some type of internal acceptability testing.

The oracle's concept:

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Explanation
The "oracle assumption" states that testers will (a) work out expected outcomes as part of the test case specification prior to execution, and (b) avoid doing so by hand wherever possible. Beizer defined the use of test oracles in Software Testing Techniques (1991). Manually computing outputs, as Beizer pointed out, is slow, cumbersome, and error-prone, and was practically the only option,cause for the creation of computers in the first place As a result, the oracle assumption is that the tester can predict the proper conclusion of a test on a regular basis

All of the following can be done with a commercial test execution tool with the exeption of:

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Explanation
A typical commercial test execution tool would not be capable of computing expected outputs because it is designed to execute tests rather than calculate results.

A system for logging incidents

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Explanation
An formal description of events is referred to as an incident log. This log is typically a form that is filled out to retain records and monitor details concerning the occurrence at hand. The logs are created using incident log templates. The numerous logs are kept arranged in a log book.

To detect a memory leak, which of the following tools would you use?

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Explanation
The phrase "dynamic testing" (or "dynamic analysis") is used in software engineering to describe the testing of code's dynamic behavior. That is, dynamic analysis is the study of a system's physical reaction to variables that are not constant and fluctuate over time.

A technique designing test is

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Explanation
Test design strategies are used to ensure that everyone involved in software development initiatives, including testers, achieves their objectives. Although the primary goal is to guarantee that goods fit the needs of clients and their companies, these methodologies enable testers to run tests quickly and efficiently based on a variety of risk indicators.

Which of the following statements is correct?

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Explanation
The correct answer
if u find a lot of bugs in testing, you should not be very confident about the quality of software

What is the most significant criterion to consider while choosing a testing technique?

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Explanation
The answer is "the test's objective." What you want to get out of the Test will be determined by your objective. You can choose which strategy to apply by anticipating your ultimate outcome

Functional testing can take the form of which of the following?

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Explanation
Functional testing is a sort of black-box testing that is based on the specifications of the software component under test. It is a quality assurance (QA) method. Performance, Usability, and Security testing is a type of functional testing in which the system's functionality is examined.

Which of the following is NOT a non-functional test type?

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Explanation
State Transition Testing is a sort of software testing that examines how the state of an application changes when input changes. The state of the input passed is modified, and the difference is observed.

Testing a functional system entails:

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Explanation
Functional testing is a sort of black-box testing that is based on the specifications of the software component under test. It is a quality assurance (QA) method. Internal program structure is rarely considered when evaluating functions by feeding them input and examining the output (unlike white-box testing).

What does static analysis fail to uncover?

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Explanation
A memory leak is a form of resource leak that occurs when a computer application poorly controls memory allocations, preventing memory from being released that is no longer needed. When an item is saved in memory but cannot be accessible by the running code, this is known as a memory leak.

Which of the following is the most likely to use Impact Analysis?

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Explanation
Maintenance testing is a procedure used to either identify equipment faults, diagnose equipment problems, or assess the effectiveness of repair efforts.

When is it appropriate to quit testing?

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The data acquired from the measures described above can be used to make an empirical choice to end testing. Stop testing when the maximum proportion of test cases allowed to fail is achieved, based on the ratio of passed to failed test cases — there are three ways to interpret this.

Which of the following is NOT typically included in a test plan?

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Explanation
An incident report is a written account of an incident that occurred during testing. Let's start with an explanation of what a 'event' is. In software testing, an incident is defined as a difference or deviation in system behavior from what is intended.

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