SAT Evidence-Based Reading Test 2

‘CRISIS OF CONFIDENCE’ SPEECH BY JIMMY CARTER
  1. The erosion of our confidence in the future is threatening to destroy the social and the political fabric of America.
     
  2. The confidence that we have always had as a people is not simply some romantic dream or a proverb in a dusty book that we read just on the Fourth of July. It is the idea which founded our nation and has guided our development as a people. 
     
  3. Confidence in the future has supported everything else ­­ public institutions and private enterprise, our own families, and the very Constitution of the United States. 
     
  4. Confidence has defined our course and has served as a link between generations. 
     
  5. We’ve always believed in something called progress. We’ve always had a faith that the days of our children would be better than our own.
     
  6. Our people are losing that faith, not only in government itself but in the ability as citizens to serve as the ultimate rulers and shapers of our democracy. As a people we know our past and we are proud of it. Our progress has been part of the living history of America, even the world. 
     
  7. We always believed that we were part of a great movement of humanity itself called democracy, involved in the search for freedom; and that belief has always strengthened us in our purpose. But just as we are losing our confidence in the future, we are also beginning to close the door on our past.
     
  8. In a nation that was proud of hard work, strong families, close­knit communities, and our faith in God, too many of us now tend to worship self­indulgence and consumption. 
     
  9. Human identity is no longer defined by what one does, but by what one owns. But we’ve discovered that owning things and consuming things does not satisfy our longing for meaning. We’ve learned that piling up material goods cannot fill the emptiness of lives which have no confidence or purpose.
     
  10. The symptoms of this crisis of the American spirit are all around us. For the first time in the history of our country a majority of our people believe that the next five years will be worse than the past five years. Two­thirds of our people do not even vote. The productivity of American workers is actually dropping, and the willingness of Americans to save for the future has fallen below that of all other people in the Western world.
     
  11. As you know, there is a growing disrespect for government and for churches and for schools, the news media, and other institutions. 
     
  12. This is not a message of happiness or reassurance, but it is the truth and it is a warning.
     
  13. These changes did not happen overnight. They’ve come upon us gradually over the last generation, years that were filled with shocks and tragedy.
     
  14. We were sure that ours was a nation of the ballot, not the bullet, until the murders of John Kennedy and Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr. We were taught that our armies were always invincible and our causes were always just, only to suffer the agony of Vietnam. 
     
  15. We respected the Presidency as a place of honor until the shock of Watergate.
     
  16. We remember when the phrase “sound as a dollar” was an expression of absolute dependability, until ten years of inflation began to shrink our dollar and our savings. We believed that our nation’s resources were limitless until 1973 when we had to face a growing dependence on foreign oil.

  17. These wounds are still very deep. They have never been healed.
Based on the information in this passage, President Carter is trying to accomplish all the following except:

Answer 3, because Carter is not trying to stump for his own party; rather he's addressing American doubts and fears in their quality of life.

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