NCLEX-PN Practice Exam 2
A client with a history of emboli is receiving Lovenox (enoxaparin). Which drug is given to counteract the effects of enoxaparin?
Protamine sulfate is given to counteract the effects of enoxaparin as well as heparin. Calcium gluconate is given to counteract the effects of magnesium sulfate; therefore, answer A is incorrect. Answer B is incorrect because aquamephyton is given to counteract the effects of sodium warfarin. Answer C is incorrect because methergine is given to increase uterine contractions following delivery.
The nurse is formulating a plan of care for a client with a cognitive disorder. Which activity is most appropriate for the client with confusion and short attention span?
Participating in reality orientation is the most appropriate activity for the client who is confused. Answers B, C, and D are incorrect because they are not suitable activities for a client who is confused.
The mother of a child with hemophilia asks the nurse which over-the-counter medication is suitable for her child’s joint discomfort. The nurse should tell the mother to purchase:
The nurse should recommend acetaminophen for the child’s joint discomfort because it will have no effect on the bleeding time. Answers A, C, and D are all nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications that can prolong bleeding time; therefore, they are not suitable for the child with hemophilia.
Which home remedy is suitable to relieve the itching associated with varicella?
Applying a paste of baking soda and water soothes the itching and helps to dry the vesicles. The use of baby powder is not recommended for either children; therefore, answer A is incorrect. Answers B and C are incorrect because hydrogen peroxide and saline will not relieve the itching and will prevent the vesicles from crusting.
A newborn male has been diagnosed with hypospadias with chordee. The nurse understands that the infant will have altered patterns of urination because:
The infant with hypospadias has altered patterns of urinary elimination caused by the location of the urinary meatus on the dorsum, or underside, of the penis. Answer B is incorrect because it refers to ureteral reflux. Answer C is incorrect because it refers to epispadias. Answer D is incorrect because it refers to exstrophy of the bladder.
The recommended time for administering Zantac (ranitidine) is:
Zantac (ranitidine) should be administered in one dose at bedtime or with meals. Answers A, B, and C have incorrect times for dosing.
Which statement best describes the difference between the pain of angina and the pain of myocardial infarction?
Pain associated with angina is relieved by rest. Answer B is incorrect because it is not a true statement. Answer C is incorrect because pain associated with angina can be referred to the jaw, the left arm, and the back. Answer D is incorrect because pain from a myocardial infarction can be referred to areas other than the left arm.
The nurse is developing a bowel-retraining plan for a client with multiple sclerosis. Which measure is likely to be least helpful to the client:
It would not be helpful to limit the fluid intake of a client during bowel retraining. Answers B, C, and D would help the client; therefore, they are incorrect answers.
The nurse is providing dietary teaching for a client with Meniere’s disease. Which statement indicates that the client understands the role of diet in triggering her symptoms?
The client with Meniere’s disease should limit the intake of foods that contain sodium. Answers A, C, and D have no relationship to the symptoms of Meniere’s disease; therefore, they are incorrect.