What is the MPRE?

MPRE Exam Practice
Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination

What is the MPRE Exam?

The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) is a two-hour multiple-choice examination consisting of 60 test questions. It is designed by the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) to assess the understanding and knowledge of candidates about established standards relevant to lawyers ‘ professional conduct.

The MPRE is the ethics part of the bar exam and is administered three times every year on computers provided by Pearson VUE at its testing centers. It is required for admission to bars to all US jurisdictions except Wisconsin and Puerto Rico. Out of 50 questions, 50 will count towards your score, and 10 are exploratory questions. The exploratory questions can not be differentiated from the scored questions; that is why you must treat every question as a “real” question.

The MPRE Exam is administered in March, August, and November. Each question of the MPRE provides a scenario, a question, and 4 answer choices. The registration dates usually open in December for the next year’s test. Early registration ends about 8 weeks before the exam, and late registration ends a week later.

 

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MPRE Test Format

The table below outlines the percentage of topics and subtopics covered by the two-hour long Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE).

MPRE Outline
TopicsSubtopicsPercentage
Regulation of the legal profession
  • Powers of courts and other bodies to regulate lawyers
  • Admission to the profession
  • Regulation after admission—lawyer discipline
  • Mandatory and permissive reporting of professional misconduct
  • Unauthorized practice of law—by lawyers and nonlawyers
  • Multijurisdictional practice
  • Fee division with a nonlawyer
  • Law firm and other forms of practice
  • Responsibilities of partners, managers, supervisory and subordinate lawyers
  • Restrictions on right to practice
6–12%
The client-lawyer relationship
  • Formation of the client-lawyer relationship
  • Scope, objective, and means of the representation
  • Decision-making authority—actual and apparent
  • Counsel and assistance within the bounds of the law
  • Termination of the client-lawyer relationship
  • Client-lawyer contracts
  • Communications with the client
  • Fees
10–16%
Client confidentiality
  • Attorney-client privilege
  • Work-product doctrine
  • Professional obligation of confidentiality—general rule
  • Disclosures expressly or impliedly authorized by client
  • Other exceptions to the confidentiality rule
6–12%
Conflicts of interest
  • Current client conflicts—multiple clients and joint representation
  • Current client conflicts—lawyer’s personal interest or duties
  • Former client conflicts
  • Prospective client conflicts
  • Imputed conflicts
  • Acquiring an interest in litigation
  • Business transactions with clients
  • Third-party compensation and influence
  • Lawyers currently or formerly in government service
  • Former judge, arbitrator, mediator, or other third-party neutral
12–18%
Competence, legal malpractice, and other civil liability
  • Maintaining competence
  • Competence necessary to undertake representation
  • Exercising diligence and care
  • Civil liability to client, including malpractice
  • Civil liability to nonclients
  • Limiting liability for malpractice
  • Malpractice insurance and risk prevention
6–12%
Litigation and other forms of advocacy
  • Meritorious claims and contentions
  • Expediting litigation
  • Candor to the tribunal
  • Fairness to opposing party and counsel
  • Impartiality and decorum of the tribunal
  • Trial publicity
  • Lawyer as witness
10–16%
Transactions and communications with persons other than clients
  • Truthfulness in statements to others
  • Communications with represented persons
  • Communications with unrepresented persons
  • Respect for rights of third persons
2–8%
Different roles of the lawyer
  • Lawyer as advisor
  • Lawyer as evaluator
  • Lawyer as negotiator
  • Lawyer as arbitrator, mediator, or other third-party neutral
  • Prosecutors and other government lawyers
  • Lawyer appearing in nonadjudicative proceeding
  • Lawyer representing an entity or other organization
4–10%
Safekeeping funds and other property
  • Establishing and maintaining client trust accounts
  • Safekeeping funds and other property of clients
  • Safekeeping funds and other property of third persons
  • Disputed claims
2–8%
Communications about legal services
  • Advertising and other public communications about legal services
  • Solicitation—direct contact with prospective clients
  • Group legal services
  • Referrals
  • Communications regarding fields of practice and specialization
4–10%
Lawyers’ duties to the public and the legal system
  • Voluntary pro bono service
  • Accepting appointments
  • Serving in legal services organizations
  • Law reform activities affecting client interests
  • Criticism of judges and adjudicating officials
  • Political contributions to obtain engagements or appointments
  • Improper influence on government officials
  • Assisting judicial misconduct
2–4%
Judicial conduct
  • Maintaining the independence and impartiality of the judiciary
  • Performing the duties of judicial office impartially, competently, and diligently
  • Ex parte communications
  • Disqualification
  • Extrajudicial activities
2–8%

MPRE Scoring System

MPRE scores are based on the number of items that you answered correctly. Each score is then converted using a formula that is not disclosed by the NCBE. You are not deducted for incorrect answers. You have two hours to answer the 60 MPRE questions. Once the two hours end, the test session automatically ends, and you can’t access it anymore.

This test is scored on a scale of 50 to 150. Although states and jurisdictions have a different minimum passing score, test-takers are expected to have a score of 75 to 86 in order to pass the exam.

To get an MPRE scaled score of 75, you need to answer about 28 items correctly out of the 50 questions. To get a scaled score of 85, you must have about 30 questions correctly answered.

If you are wondering what the minimum MPRE passing score in your state is, you can check the table below.

MPRE scores by stateState/Jurisdiction
75Alabama, D.C., Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Palau, Virgin Islands
77South Carolina
79New Hampshire
80Alaska, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
82Tennessee
85Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming
86California, Utah
Maryland, Wisconsin, Puerto Rico
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How to Register for MPRE?

Step 1

Create an NCBE Account if you don’t have one. To create a new account, click the NCBE Account at the top of the official NCBE website, and then select Create an Account. Don’t set up a new account if you already have one.

Step 2

Submit your request for MPRE test accommodations (if applicable; otherwise, skip to Step 3). If you wish to request a test accommodation, you have to do so before you start Step 3. Information about how to request for MPRE Test Accommodations can be found at MPRE Test Accommodations. You don’t need to pay the test fee until you have scheduled your test appointment.

Step 3

Log in to your NCBE account, click MPRE registration and follow the directions to complete the NCBE portion of your MPRE registration process and request for your authorization to test.

Step 4

Obtain an Authorization to Check Email from Pearson VUE. The email will be by [email protected] within 24 hours from your request (do not send email to this e-mail address, as it’s not supervised); search the spam or junk mail folder.

If you do not obtain an Authorization to Test Email within 24 hours after you have requested, please contact NCBE MPRE Registration

Step 5

Book an appointment to test with Pearson VUE and pay the fee to Pearson VUE (instructions will be attached in your Authorization to Test email; you may have to make a Pearson VUE account).

Step 6

Within 48 hours after scheduling your test appointment and submitting your payment, you will receive a Confirmation of Exam Appointment email and a Confirmation of Payment email from Pearson VUE.

You will never be able to take MPRE during that test administration if you don’t arrange your test appointment and pay the test fee during the test administration registration period.

 

MPRE Dates, Deadlines, and Fees

Test DateRecommended Date to Apply for AccommodationsMPRE Registration DeadlineTesting Fee
March 12 or 13, 2022December 16, 2021February 12, 2022$135
August 11 or 12, 2022May 14, 2022June 25, 2022$135
October 23 or 28, 2022July 30, 2022September 14, 2022$135

The MPRE registration fee gives you the right to request a score report score report for your own files and have a score report sent to the board of bar examiners of the state you selected during the enrollment process. If you do not select a state before the test, or if you decide that you’d like your MPRE results to be sent to other jurisdictions, you should request for and pay for a score report using the MPRE Score Services examination.

Rescheduling of appointment

Test appointments can be rescheduled for a different scheduled time or a different testing center venue for the same exam administration to which you initially enrolled. Test appointments should be rescheduled at least 48 hours before your appointment. To adjust the date you plan to take your test, you can access your online Pearson VUE account or reach Pearson VUE by telephone at 888-205-1855. You will then pay a non-refundable and non-transferable $25 fee for this transaction.

 

Cancellation of appointment

You may cancel your appointment and obtain a refund of $70 if you can not test during your scheduled administration. Your appointment may be canceled by calling Pearson VUE by phone at 888-205-1855 or through your online Pearson VUE account. You have to cancel your test appointment at least 48 hours before your scheduled appointment to receive a refund. Your registration may not be moved to another registration.

 

MPRE Study Guide

Review a lot of MPRE practice exams

To get started, use the NCBE’s free sample exam questions. There are also several free MPRE prep courses available online, paid MPRE courses, free MPRE flashcards or other best MPRE study materials.

Get enough sleep the night before

The last thing you want is to be sleepy during the exam, which might lead to misinterpretation of instructions and wrong responses. Getting enough sleep can help your mind and body work optimally, so get the recommended 7-9 hours of sleep.

Consume a healthy breakfast and stay hydrated

On the day of the exam, you should eat a nutritious lunch and drink enough of water to keep your mind alert. Because of the nutrients ingested, having a substantial breakfast can result in higher exam performance, according to research.

Make a note of the key words and phrases

The manner questions are posed is guided by the important words and phrases on the MPRE. Understanding these words and phrases, especially as they appear in the NCBE material, can help you identify them on the exam.

Read the prompts carefully

In relation to the preceding advice, read the prompts carefully so you understand exactly what is being requested. You can highlight significant words and phrases to assist you in determining the correct response for each challenge. You will be able to rapidly remove response alternatives that do not align if you comprehend the prompt.

 

MPRE Practice Questions PDF

The MPRE covers every aspect of legal ethics, and we do the same in preparing you for this difficult exam. When ethical circumstances aren’t clear, the MPRE is designed to challenge you to think like a practicing attorney. If you’re looking for a MPRE outline PDF, MPRE questions PDF, MPRE study guide PDF, or MPRE practice exam PDF, you’ve come to the right place. When practicing, we recommend using the MPRE exam for the best results.

 

MPRE Questions and Answers

The MPRE test lasts two hours.

The MPRE provides performance data in the form of a scaled score ranging from 50 to 150. Only 50 of the 60 MPRE questions you are given on test day are scored. The last ten questions are all test questions. Your MPRE score is determined by the number of questions you correctly answer, and there is no penalty for incorrect answers.

You should study for 4 to 6 hours every week.

Begin studying for the MPRE at least two weeks before the exam. Spend time studying each topic area and attempting to master the areas that have a high percentage of comparable questions on the test. You can use prep courses or practice tests to familiarize yourself with the sorts of test questions that will be on the exam. Review your plan and list of rules you didn’t know the day before the MPRE.

Yes. The MPRE is a challenging test, but it can be passed with proper planning, preparation, and practice.

Every year, in March, August, and November, the MPRE is offered.

Depending on when you take the exam, the average MPRE score is 93-94.

The MPRE exam consists of 50 scored questions.

The MPRE’s performance data is a scaled score between 50 and 150. Because the MPRE is scaled, everyone who took the exam that day will have an affect on your result.

Scores are normally delivered to examinees within five weeks of the exam date, according to the NCBE.

The course is 8-10 weeks long, and the average student should plan on studying for roughly 40 hours each week.

Yes. The MPRE is curved and scaled to guarantee that taking a higher or less challenging version of the test does not result in you being unfairly penalized or rewarded.

Yes. Pearson VUE administers the exam online at its testing centers.

There are 60 multiple-choice questions on the MPRE test. There are 50 scored questions and 10 unscored items on the pretest.

MPRE score is valid for five years after the exam date.

Create a study schedule for the exam to guarantee that you are prepared on game day. When you initially start reviewing actual test questions, use flashcards to help you remember the rules. As you apply the rules to specific problems, you’ll get a better understanding of them. To get the most out of your studying, look for study tools that provide both questions and answers with explanations. You should practice how you will be questioned. Prepare for exam day by studying effectively.

Create an NCBE account first if you don’t already have one. To request your authorization to test, log in to your NCBE Account, click MPRE Registration and Test Accommodations, and follow the procedures. You must schedule an appointment to test with Pearson VUE and pay the test cost after receiving an Authorization to Test email.

Yes. In comparison to the test, Barbri questions are more difficult and take longer to read on average.

The MPRE can be taken before or after the bar exam, although some jurisdictions will not let you take the bar exam unless you have passed the MPRE.

The difficulty isn’t necessarily in the material, rather, it’s in everything that surrounds the MPRE. Some students struggle with both the manner and the content of the questions.

If you score between 30 and 35, you are very likely in the passing range.

You will most likely earn an 85 on the exam if you properly answer about 32 questions.

There is currently no limit to the number of times you may take the MPRE.

The MPRE registration price is $125 for regular registration and $220 for late registration.

You can cancel your appointment by logging into your Pearson VUE account online or calling Pearson VUE at 888-205-1855. To get a refund of $70, you must cancel your appointment at least 48 hours in advance.

On the NCBE website, you may check for MPRE results. You’ll need to go into your account and access your NCBE Account File Cabinet.

To start, determine what total score you’ll need to pass. Second, determine what “raw” score you’ll need to pass the MPRE.

The MPRE can be taken in any state except Puerto Rico and Wisconsin, and your results will be forwarded to the state where you will be taking the bar exam.

MPRE stands for Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination.

It might make you feel anxious. The good news is that there is no limit to how many times you may take the MPRE. You can take it once, 10 times, or more.

In most jurisdictions, the test begins at 8:30 a.m., however the start time varies depending on the number of examinees.

Many students take the MPRE in August, between their 2L and 3L years of law school, or a few months after their school’s PR program concludes. While you have complete control over when you take the MPRE, you should arrange it wisely.

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