GED Social Studies Test #4

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Which of the following is a legal prerequisite for running for Congress?

Correct! Wrong!

Citizenship in the United States is essential to serve in both chambers of Congress.

The desire to buy something and the financial means to do so.

Correct! Wrong!

The desire to buy something and the means to pay for it are referred to as demand.

The Potsdam Conference was __________.

Correct! Wrong!

In the latter months of World War II, the Potsdam Conference was held in occupied Germany. All of the Allied Powers were present, although President Truman, who represented the United States, Josef Stalin, who represented the Soviet Union, and Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and later Clement Attlee, who represented Great Britain, seem to get the most attention. To deliberate how to punish Germany and how to restore the world after the war, the Allied Powers gathered.

When prices rise, demand falls, according to the law of supply and demand.

Correct! Wrong!

Demand decreases when prices rise, according to the law of supply and demand.

The name of the peace accord that concluded World War I is __________.

Correct! Wrong!

Germany and the Allied powers signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. It symbolizes the conclusion of World War One.

The first Soviet ruler was __________.

Correct! Wrong!

Vladimir Lenin served as the first leader of the Soviet Union, which was founded in 1922. Lenin was a key figure in the Russian Revolution, which resulted in the destruction of the monarchy and the establishment of socialism.

During the Russian Revolution, _________.

Correct! Wrong!

During the 1917 Russian Revolution, the long-established Russian monarchy was overthrown and replaced by a communist government.

Which of these nations did not participate in the Axis Powers during World War II?

Correct! Wrong!

Germany, Japan, and Italy comprised the Axis Powers during World War Two. They engaged in combat with the Soviet Union, Britain, France, the United States, and the Allied Powers.

Which coalition of nations was the Triple Entente in the system of alliances that emerged just before World War I?

Correct! Wrong!

The Anglo-Russian Entente was ratified in 1907, solidifying the Triple Entente, which is French for "friendship." While the UK and France ended their centuries-long imperial rivalry in 1904, the French and Russians had already formed an alliance in 1894.

What is the name of the system that provides each arm of government some control over the others?

Correct! Wrong!

The purpose of checks and balances, as the word implies, is to ensure that no single branch of government has too much authority, and it creates a separation of powers.

Which of these does not constitute an central component of fascism?

Correct! Wrong!

Fascism is defined by an extreme type of nationalism in which the media is completely under the authority of the state and individual rights are restricted, particularly as witnessed in Spain under Franco and Italy under Mussolini. In most cases, it also has a totalitarian ruler whose authority is unquestionable.

What does a change or addition to the Constitution go by?

Correct! Wrong!

A constitutional amendment is a change to a polity's, organization's, or another sort of entity's constitution.

Which of the following words is a synonym for the word Veto?

Correct! Wrong!

A veto is a formal authority to reject something.

The post-globe War II pact between the United States and Great Britain on the post-war globe and the status of global self-determination was known as the __________.

Correct! Wrong!

In 1941, the United States and Great Britain agreed to the terms of the Atlantic Charter. It outlined the optimum course of action for the conflict and the creation of the post-war world. Later, it received the backing of the other allies, which sparked the founding of the United Nations.

Which trait is a cornerstone of liberty in the United States and serves as a long-term shield against tyranny?

Correct! Wrong!

The rule of law is a constitutional idea that keeps everyone, including those who establish and implement laws, accountable to the law. Tyranny is a sort of tyranny in which rulers can make any laws they want, which is a form of tyranny that threatens liberty.

Which of these nations did not fall victim to fascism throughout the 20th century?

Correct! Wrong!

Except for Russia, which transitioned from monarchy to socialism and then toward the end of the twentieth century (with the fall of the Soviet Union) to limited democracy, all of these nations were under the control of fascism at some point in the century.

Which option clearly expresses a point of view?

Correct! Wrong!

The proper answer is bias. Because bias is an opinion that obviously promotes one point of view over another, this is the acceptable response.

Citizens communicate with government by voting on what they want the government to do in the long and near term. Government officials will be more sensitive to citizens' policy requests if more people vote.
Who has veto power?

Correct! Wrong!

The veto is the President's power to refuse to sign a bill or joint resolution and so prevent it from becoming law.

The Balfour Declaration advocated for __________.

Correct! Wrong!

A new nation for the Jewish people to be established in Palestine was suggested in the 1917 Balfour Declaration. Israel would eventually be the name of this country. The achievement of an autonomous Jewish nation marks a significant turning point in the Zionist cause.

Who among the following presidents has won the Nobel Peace Prize?

Correct! Wrong!

In recognition of his efforts in establishing the League of Nations in the years immediately following World War One, Woodrow Wilson received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919.

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