FREE WSET Level 1 Questions and Answers

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How is the color of red wine obtained?

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Red grapes, which are all dark in color, are used to make red wine. The red wine's color comes from the grape juice's brief contact with the skins during the fermentation process, which lasts a few weeks. The wine made from red grapes will really be white or pale pink if the skins are removed right away after crushing.

How do pink wines come to be called rose wines?

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The majority of excellent rose wines are the outcome of brief (2–3 day) fermentation contact with red grape skins. This means that the winemaker must determine the ideal color and extract the skins at the exact moment when the correct color is reached. To get the right color level, blending a completed red wine and a finished white wine is a far less stressful way of producing large quantities of roses.

How are the bubbles in sparkling wine created?

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Although secondary fermentation in the bottle produces the best champagnes, it is also the most labor-intensive (and consequently most expensive) process (traditional method). Additional techniques include simple carbonation, which yields big, floppy, transient bubbles, or secondary fermentation in a closed tank (the Charmat or Tank method).

The Bordeaux region's red wines are

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Bordeaux is in the southwest region of France. Cabernet Sauvignon is often more common in areas on the left bank of the Garonne River (south of the river), while Merlot is more common in areas on the right bank (north of the river).

The majority of wines are best kept for at least ten years in a cellar.

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Although learning about a 1980 Chateau Margaux may sound exotic, most wines, particularly white and sparkling wines, are made with the intention of being enjoyed quickly.

How should wine be kept in storage?

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The ideal place to keep wine is somewhere cold, dark, and vibration-free. Heat and sunshine can "cook" a wine.

Why are wines typically kept in a sideways position?

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A cork in a wine bottle that is kept upright will eventually dry out and let oxygen into the bottle. This will cause the wine to oxidize, giving it an unwanted taste, a more stale flavor, and a more brown hue for both red and white wines.

The Burgundy region's red wines are

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Burgundy is located near the Soane River in eastern France. It is the most well-known region in the world for its superb Pinot Noir red wines.

Which grapes are used to make white wine?

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Although white grapes are used to make most white wine, red grapes can also be used to make white wine provided the skins are removed very away after crushing.

When a wine is opened, the smell of musty or damp cardboard indicates

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Contact with a defective cork causes cork taint. Depending on where you get your information, this happens in 1% to 7% of wines. Unnoticeable until a wine is opened is cork taint. It can be found in wines of all prices and quality levels. A wine that has developed a cork taint is known as "corked" and need to be thrown out.

Tannins: What are they?

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Depending on the grape variety and winemaking technique, red wines can contain a range of tannin levels. Tannins impart bitterness and astringency, or dryness. Wines with a high tannin content will "mellow" or "soften" with age.

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