FREE SOL Virginia & US History MCQ Question and Answers

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What purpose did the Bay of Pigs invasion want to achieve?

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Explanation:
On April 17, 1961, Brigade 2506, a paramilitary organization supported by the CIA, attempted a military invasion of Cuba. Brigade 2506, a counterrevolutionary unit commanded by the Democratic Revolutionary Front and designed to topple Fidel Castro's Communist regime, was educated and sponsored by the CIA of the United States government. The invasion force, which was launched from Guatemala, was routed by the Cuban military forces, who were directly commanded by Fidel Castro, the country's prime minister, in three days.

Which of the following elements played the biggest role in the urbanization of the early 20th century?

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Explanation:
The Industrial Revolution led to population booms in cities like Pittsburgh and Detroit.

What impact did the Watergate scandal have on the presidency of Richard Nixon?

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Explanation:
Nixon's presidency was marred by the Watergate affair, which prompted him to resign.

Which of the following sums up the "triumph of democracy over communism" the best?

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Explanation:
The Cold War was a period of ongoing political and military conflict between the Western Bloc (led by the United States and NATO) and the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact).

Dr. Jonas Salk is most recognized for what.

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Explanation:
American virologist and medical researcher Jonas Edward Salk. He found and created the first effective polio vaccine.

As a result of the initial Great Awakening,

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Explanation:
The phrase "Great Awakening" can be used to describe a number of times when religion was revived in American history. Between the early 18th and the late 19th centuries, there were three or four waves of rising religiosity, according to historians and theologians.

Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagreed over these issues the most frequently during the debate over the ratification of the United States Constitution.

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Explanation:
A movement known as anti-federalism opposed the establishment of a more powerful federal government in the United States and later opposed the ratification of the Constitution of 1788. The Articles of Confederation, the previous constitution, gave state governments additional power.

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