FREE RPNCE Nursing Theories Questions and Answers

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Which statement best describes Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Theory?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Theory is based on the idea that individuals develop through interactions with their social environment. Each stage in the theory presents specific tasks or challenges that individuals must navigate to achieve successful psychosocial development. Additionally, each stage builds upon the tasks of the previous stage, contributing to continuous growth and development throughout the lifespan.

Which nursing theory emphasizes the significance of environmental factors in restoring health?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Florence Nightingale's Environmental Nursing Theory emphasizes the importance of environmental factors, such as fresh air, clean living conditions, pure water, sunlight, and effective drainage, in promoting health and facilitating the healing process. According to Nightingale, creating a conducive environment is essential for supporting patients' recovery and well-being.

What is the primary focus of the Adaptation Model in nursing?

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Explanation:
The Adaptation Model in nursing emphasizes promoting a person’s adaptation to environmental stressors and focuses on how individuals cope and respond to these stressors. The model views health as a process of responding positively to environmental challenges and is based on four main concepts: person, health, environment, and nursing goals.

In Peplau's developmental theory, what does "self-identification" primarily refer to?

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Explanation:
According to Peplau's developmental theory, "self-identification" primarily refers to the acquisition of appropriate roles and behaviors through the perception of others' expectations of the self. This process typically occurs during early childhood and is essential for the development of social skills and interactions.

Which statement best describes Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory suggests that children actively construct knowledge through their interactions with the environment. They engage in processes such as assimilation and accommodation to make sense of new experiences and integrate them into their existing understanding of the world. This theory emphasizes the active role of children in their own cognitive development.

What was Dorothea Dix's contribution to psychiatric nursing?

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Explanation:
Dorothea Dix was a reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the mentally ill as patients rather than as inmates. She advocated for the improvement of conditions in mental institutions and for the deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill, emphasizing the importance of humane treatment and proper care for individuals with mental illness.

According to Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory, which aspect of the mind did he consider crucial for personality development, and how did he divide personality?

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"Explanation:
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory emphasizes the role of the unconscious mind in personality development. He divided personality into three main divisions: the ego, the superego, and the id. According to Freud, these components interact to shape behavior and personality traits.

Who is the founder of the Interpersonal Nursing Theory, which emphasizes the nurse-client relationship and the nurse's healing role?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Hildegard Peplau is the founder of the Interpersonal Nursing Theory. This theory highlights the importance of the nurse-client relationship and the nurse's healing role. Peplau is also recognized as one of the pioneers of mental health nursing, emphasizing the significance of therapeutic communication and interpersonal interactions in psychiatric care.

What is the primary focus of Jean Watson's Transpersonal Caring Model?

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Explanation:
Jean Watson's Transpersonal Caring Model emphasizes the conscious intention to care, using one’s "authentic presence" to facilitate healing, and highlights the importance of the nurse-client relationship. The model also encompasses qualities such as compassion, competence, confidence, conscious, commitment, and comportment.

Which nursing theory includes the "identification stage," involving the development of a nursing care plan based on the client's situation and goals?

Correct! Wrong!

"Explanation:
In Hildegard Peplau's Interpersonal Theory, the "identification stage" involves developing a nursing care plan based on the client's situation and goals. This stage focuses on the nurse's understanding of the client's needs and the collaborative development of interventions to promote health and well-being."

Which stage of Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory is characterized by the child exploring the world through interaction of their mouth and hands with the environment, and understanding is based on motor activity without symbols?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Piaget's Sensorimotor stage describes the period during infancy when children explore the world through their senses and motor actions. Intelligence is developed through sensory experiences and motor activities, without the use of symbols or language. Object permanence, understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, is a key milestone achieved during this stage.

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