FREE Occupational Therapy Assistant Question and Answers

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When working with a client who has decreased seated balance, which of the following modifications to an activity will raise the balance challenge?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The center of gravity must be moved when using a reach, which makes maintaining balance more difficult. Muscle resistance is increased by adding weights. Balance challenges can occasionally be introduced by using weights, however it depends on the activity.

A hemiplegic patient should be supported as follows when lying supine in a bed:

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Pillows should be placed beneath the problematic shoulder and affected hip to encourage appropriate tone, and prevent contractures, and subluxation.

She complains of pain in her left lower extremities while receiving care from a client who is two weeks post-CVA. When you touch her left leg, she cries out in pain, and when you passively flex her foot, she complains of pain. Additionally, the extremity's edema is visible. What ought to be done?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Deep venous thrombosis is characterized by pain with passive dorsiflexion, edema, and tenderness in the calf when touched (DVT). DVT is a danger for clients who have recently experienced a CVA since they spend a lot of time in bed and are less active. It is crucial to inform the nurse or doctor of your results so they can order more tests. Pulmonary embolism, which has the potential to be lethal, is a risk for DVT patients.

Which sensory system will receive more input if a client is placed on a platform swing during a ball activity?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Our feeling of motion and our sense of balance are both controlled by the vestibular system. Vestibular is provided by swinging. Other vestibular activities include rocking, rolling, and trampoline jumping.

Which of the following could help triceps that are considered to be Poor minus?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
On a gravity-free plane, a muscle with a Poor minus grade is unable to move through its whole range. Exercises against gravity would be impossible for someone with this muscle grade (with or without resistance). Gravity is eliminated and the muscle may work to increase strength when using an arm skate on a table.

Which exercise is best for a patient who has recovered from a myocardial infarction three weeks ago?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
Cardiovascular rehabilitation involves exercises that help the heart muscle get stronger while also promoting heart healing. Exercises that increase stamina and circulation include treadmill walking for 20 minutes. One activity to gradually incorporate is climbing stairs, but this can be done at home rather than in a big, steep place. The demands of an activity increase in hot and cold weather. For months after a myocardial infarction, it may be difficult to sit in a hot, humid environment like a sauna or perform physical activity in cold weather, like shoveling snow.

When measuring wrist extension, where should the goniometer's axis be located?

Correct! Wrong!

Explanation:
The wrist extension is measured by setting the goniometer's axis on the radial styloid. The moving arm is positioned parallel to the fifth metacarpal's longitudinal axis, and the stationary arm is positioned parallel to the radius.

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