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Which of the following factors affects the ability to quantify resistance training work?

Correct! Wrong!

Resistance training's ability to quantify actual work performed is influenced by the angle at which the weight is moved during an exercise. It would be necessary to perform additional calculations to determine resistance factors if the weight were moving at an angle (such as friction).

What is the proper order of muscle structures, from smallest to largest?

Correct! Wrong!

The correct hierarchy of muscle structures is muscle fiber, endomysium, fascicles, perimysium, and epimysium, listed in order from smallest to largest.

Which of the following statements about lactic acid is false?

Correct! Wrong!

During exercise, lactic acid does not create an artificial sense of energy in the muscles; rather, it is responsible for fatigue.

What term describes the breakdown of food molecules into energy and the subsequent use of that energy to construct new molecules within the body?

Correct! Wrong!

The term "metabolic" refers to the entire process of breaking down food molecules to release energy and then using that energy to create new molecules inside the body. It is the result of both catabolic and anabolic processes working together.

What type of tissue has a fluid-filled form called serous?

Correct! Wrong!

The serous form of fascia is tissue that contains fluid. This type of fascia is composed of protective membranes that surround the viscera. The superficial and deep fascia are two additional types of fascia that lack function-specific names.

With its angled fibers, which type of muscle arrangement resembles the structure of a feather?

Correct! Wrong!

The arrangement of the fibers in pennate muscles resembles the structure of a feather. This configuration has the benefit of reduced inertial resistance.

Which of the following accurately describes the two components of fluid resistance?

Correct! Wrong!

Surface drag and form drag are the two factors that make up fluid resistance. Surface drag is caused by the action of friction on the surface of the object, and form drag is from the molecules pressing against the object as it moves through the fluid.

What is the term for the oxygen consumption required to return the body to its pre-exercise state?

Correct! Wrong!

Excessive post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC),also known as oxygen debt, is the oxygen uptake that is maintained to return the body to its pre-exercise state. This oxygen uptake is greater than it would be at rest and depends on how long and how hard the exercise was.

What role does calcium play in the process of stimulating muscle?

Correct! Wrong!

When a muscle is stimulated, calcium binds with troponin.This causes the tropomyosin to be moved away from the binding sites, allowing the myosin cross-bridges to attach.

What relays information about body and limb changes to the central nervous system? Proprioceptors

Correct! Wrong!

Proprioceptors communicate changes in the body and limb positions brought on by muscular motions to the central nervous system. They can be found in the muscles, tendons, and joints and are designed to support maintaining balance and posture.

What regulates the process of altering membrane potential by allowing sodium ions to rush into nerve cell membranes?

Correct! Wrong!

By allowing sodium ions to flood into the cell, the sodium-potassium pump regulates the process of changing membrane potential in the membrane of nerve cells. This results in a significant voltage change, which in turn prompts the conductance of an action potential along the length of the axon.

Which portion of the muscle fiber detects changes in the muscle's tension?

Correct! Wrong!

The Golgi tendon organs detect changes in muscle tension. When activated, they send signals that the muscle is about to engage in a potentially dangerous action due to extreme tension.

When would a systolic blood pressure reading between 220 and 260 not be considered abnormal?

Correct! Wrong!

During aerobic exercise, systolic pressure readings between 220 and 260 should be anticipated. But the diastolic pressure would probably remain constant or even go down a little bit.

What portion of the muscle fiber contains glycogen and myoglobin, as well as lipids, enzymes, and various cellular organelles?

Correct! Wrong!

The sarcoplasm, which is composed of lipids, enzymes, and cellular organelles, stores glycogen and myoglobin. Although it serves more focused purposes, it is comparable to the cytoplasm in other cells. Myoglobin is used to bind oxygen, and the glycogen that has been stored provides energy.

Which electrocardiogram components represent the electrical stimulus as it traverses the atrial and ventricular myocardium?

Correct! Wrong!

The electrical stimulus' passage through the atrial and ventricular myocardium is represented by the QRS complex and P wave. Atrial and ventricular depolarization can be seen in the P wave and QRS complex, respectively.

Which organ system is responsible for transporting nutrients, eliminating waste, and maintaining the body's overall environment?

Correct! Wrong!

The cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting nutrients, removing waste, and maintaining the body's environment to support its function.

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